By Sunil Kori


2017-09-24 05:52:46 8 Comments

Actually I am a non native English speaker, of course I may come across many confusion but I don't care of those much,but curious some times to know about the things.

I know the meaning of 'Ever' which is 'At Anytime' and 'Always'.

I found there is a slight difference between 'Ever' and 'Anytime' when we use this.

Example:

  1. you can come at anytime. ---> here 'Anytime' means a specific time of the day but not determined.

  2. Have you ever seen this? ---> here 'Ever' says 'anytime', however any time of any day not any time of the particular day.

Is that the way you think?

Appreciate your response🙂

2 comments

@John Lawler 2018-08-25 17:10:40

Ever is a special Negative Polarity Item, a suppletion for the nonexistent *anywhen.

As an NPI, ever can only occur in negative contexts, which include questions, comparatives, and if-clauses, as well as many negative trigger words like not, seldom, doubt, only, and surprised.

  • He has not ever seen this.
  • He seldom ever looks at it.
  • I doubt he's ever seen it.
  • Only his wife has ever seen it.
  • I'm surprised he's ever seen it.

But remove the negative trigger and ever becomes ungrammatical.

  • *He has ever seen this.
  • *He ever looks at it.
  • *I think he's ever seen it.
  • *Even his wife has ever seen it.
  • *I'm pleased he's ever seen it.

Anytime (or any time) is also an NPI, but it's not suppletive, and has a range of usage beyond that of ever. For one thing, anytime has the 'free choice' sense of any, like you can do it anytime = 'choose a time, and you can do it then'. This is not possible with ever, which is strictly limited to negative contexts.

@Kate Bunting 2017-09-25 16:52:24

I would say that the word 'ever' has two meanings.

'Have you ever seen ...?' = at any time in the past.

'For ever' = always (thinking of the future).

'You can come at any time' is nothing to do with the word 'ever'.

@Jeff Morrow 2017-09-25 17:25:56

This, I think, is too dogmatic. "Have you ever seen X" = "Have you seen at any time in the past."

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