I have read this question:
where Safesphere says in a comment:
Actually, photons themselves don't bend spacetime. Intuitively, this is because photons can't emit gravitons, because, as any massless particles not experiencing time, photons can't decay by emitting anything. The latest theoretical results show that the gravitational field of a photon is not static, but a gravitational wave emanating from the events of the emission and absorption of the photon. Thus the spacetime is bent by the charged particles emitting or absorbing photons, but not by the photons themselves.
where John Rennie says:
as far as I know there has been no experimental evidence that light curves spacetime. We know that if GR is correct it must do, and all the experiments we've done have (so far) confirmed the predictions made by GR, so it seems very likely that light does indeed curve spacetime.
Now this cannot be right. One of them says photons do bend spacetime, since they do have stress-energy, but it is hard to measure it since the energy they carry is little compared to astronomical body's stress-energy. So they do bend spacetime, it is just that it is hard to measure it with our currently available devices.
Now the other one says that photons do not bend spacetime at all. It is only the emitting charge (fermion) that bends spacetime.
Which one is right? Do photons bend spacetime themselves because they do have stress-energy or do they not?