By Kevin Wong

2008-09-23 16:26:26 8 Comments

I want to filter a java.util.Collection based on a predicate.


@Donald Raab 2012-09-24 22:28:48

Let’s look at how to filter a built-in JDK List and a MutableList using Eclipse Collections.

List<Integer> jdkList = Arrays.asList(1, 2, 3, 4, 5);
MutableList<Integer> ecList = Lists.mutable.with(1, 2, 3, 4, 5);

If you wanted to filter the numbers less than 3, you would expect the following outputs.

List<Integer> selected = Lists.mutable.with(1, 2);
List<Integer> rejected = Lists.mutable.with(3, 4, 5);

Here’s how you can filter using a Java 8 lambda as the Predicate.

Assert.assertEquals(selected,, each -> each < 3));
Assert.assertEquals(rejected, Iterate.reject(jdkList, each -> each < 3));

Assert.assertEquals(selected, -> each < 3));
Assert.assertEquals(rejected, ecList.reject(each -> each < 3));

Here’s how you can filter using an anonymous inner class as the Predicate.

Predicate<Integer> lessThan3 = new Predicate<Integer>()
    public boolean accept(Integer each)
        return each < 3;

Assert.assertEquals(selected,, lessThan3));

Here are some alternatives to filtering JDK lists and Eclipse Collections MutableLists using the Predicates factory.

Assert.assertEquals(selected,, Predicates.lessThan(3)));

Here is a version that doesn't allocate an object for the predicate, by using the Predicates2 factory instead with the selectWith method that takes a Predicate2.

    selected, ecList.selectWith(Predicates2.<Integer>lessThan(), 3));

Sometimes you want to filter on a negative condition. There is a special method in Eclipse Collections for that called reject.

Assert.assertEquals(rejected, Iterate.reject(jdkList, lessThan3));
Assert.assertEquals(rejected, ecList.reject(lessThan3));

The method partition will return two collections, containing the elements selected by and rejected by the Predicate.

PartitionIterable<Integer> jdkPartitioned = Iterate.partition(jdkList, lessThan3);
Assert.assertEquals(selected, jdkPartitioned.getSelected());
Assert.assertEquals(rejected, jdkPartitioned.getRejected());

PartitionList<Integer> ecPartitioned = gscList.partition(lessThan3);
Assert.assertEquals(selected, ecPartitioned.getSelected());
Assert.assertEquals(rejected, ecPartitioned.getRejected());

Note: I am a committer for Eclipse Collections.

@Vivek Rao 2017-10-16 21:03:19

How would you do a removeIf on a list or set for primitives?

@Donald Raab 2020-02-01 07:55:32

The API for removeIf was added to primitive collections in EC 9.1.‌​s/…

@pramod_m 2018-10-18 13:40:04

In Java 8, You can directly use this filter method and then do that.

 List<String> lines = Arrays.asList("java", "pramod", "example");

 List<String> result =              
         .filter(line -> !"pramod".equals(line))     


@yanefedor 2018-05-24 13:59:00

Since java 9 Collectors.filtering is enabled:

public static <T, A, R>
    Collector<T, ?, R> filtering(Predicate<? super T> predicate,
                                 Collector<? super T, A, R> downstream)

Thus filtering should be:, collector))


List<Integer> oddNumbers = List.of(1, 19, 15, 10, -10).stream()
            .collect(Collectors.filtering(i -> i % 2 == 1, Collectors.toList()));

@Lawrence 2015-01-07 11:07:38

Some really great great answers here. Me, I'd like to keep thins as simple and readable as possible:

public abstract class AbstractFilter<T> {

     * Method that returns whether an item is to be included or not.
     * @param item an item from the given collection.
     * @return true if this item is to be included in the collection, false in case it has to be removed.
    protected abstract boolean excludeItem(T item);

    public void filter(Collection<T> collection) {
        if (CollectionUtils.isNotEmpty(collection)) {
            Iterator<T> iterator = collection.iterator();
            while (iterator.hasNext()) {
                if (excludeItem( {

@Lawrence 2015-01-07 11:09:15

Just implement the proper excludeItem per filter. You'll end up having separate filters exactly as you have sorters on Collections...

@Mario Fusco 2009-09-06 13:37:49

Java 8 (2014) solves this problem using streams and lambdas in one line of code:

List<Person> beerDrinkers =
    .filter(p -> p.getAge() > 16).collect(Collectors.toList());

Here's a tutorial.

Use Collection#removeIf to modify the collection in place. (Notice: In this case, the predicate will remove objects who satisfy the predicate):

persons.removeIf(p -> p.getAge() <= 16);

lambdaj allows filtering collections without writing loops or inner classes:

List<Person> beerDrinkers = select(persons, having(on(Person.class).getAge(),

Can you imagine something more readable?

Disclaimer: I am a contributor on lambdaj

@MikePatel 2012-03-15 11:57:57

Nice but the static imports obfuscate whats going on. For reference, select/having/on are static imports on ch.lambdaj.Lambda, greaterThan is org.hamcrest.Matchers

@Doc Davluz 2012-04-10 11:54:30

LambdaJ is really sexy, but it worths noting that it implies a significant overhead (2.6 average):

@Moritz 2013-05-17 09:37:30

@MAbraham1 2013-08-16 14:16:36

Really like this example of LamdaJ...similar to .NET built-in Lambda functions. And where can a person drink at age 16? We should consider adding a localization constraint. :P

@Nestor Hernandez Loli 2014-07-20 03:09:33

God! I hate that leak with Lambdaj, now that I'm using Java 8 I'm searching for removing every single use of Lambdaj

@Evgeni Petrov 2014-11-08 10:50:56

I tried to incorporated Lambdaj but it was too difficult and it was not readable to people that did not know Lambdaj. That is just my experience though.

@Ronen Festinger 2015-08-31 22:37:55

Too bad it can't use enums. I switched to Apache Commons.

@Lii 2015-10-24 13:08:57

This answer would be even better if it also mentioned the simplest method (since Java 8): Collection.removeIf

@Alexis C. 2015-12-09 00:25:08

I've edited your answer to include Collection#removeIf. Hope you don't mind!

@demongolem 2016-12-25 04:22:47

I wonder why the top half was not given as a new answer. If this went through the review edits pipeline today, the edit would probably be rejected. How many upvotes are for the original question and how many are for the edit?

@vim 2017-02-09 14:18:50

removeIf example should be persons.removeIf(p -> p.getAge() <= 16);

@Oscar Pérez 2018-05-25 10:32:19

Caution: if you use lambdas inside an Eclipselink (<2.7) entity class, it will give strange Exceptions

@granadaCoder 2018-10-04 15:02:04

Java (8) finally caught up to dotNet Linq. Yay! #circa2007

@Deian 2018-10-06 05:05:51

what's the perf of this? anyone checked?

@TheOperator 2019-04-30 11:39:11

Can you imagine something more readable? -- have you checked out Kotlin? ;) persons.filter { it.age >= 16 }

@nawfal 2020-06-24 18:10:00

In C# this is just persons.Where(p => p.getAge() > 16).ToList(). Any idea why java requires boilerplate like stream, Collectors.toList etc?

@Fredrik Metcalf 2017-06-15 14:28:05

I needed to filter a list depending on the values already present in the list. For example, remove all values following that is less than the current value. {2 5 3 4 7 5} -> {2 5 7}. Or for example to remove all duplicates {3 5 4 2 3 5 6} -> {3 5 4 2 6}.

public class Filter {
    public static <T> void List(List<T> list, Chooser<T> chooser) {
        List<Integer> toBeRemoved = new ArrayList<>();
        for (int right = 1; right < list.size(); ++right) {
            for (int left = 0; left < right; ++left) {
                if (toBeRemoved.contains(left)) {
                Keep keep = chooser.choose(list.get(left), list.get(right));
                switch (keep) {
                    case LEFT:
                        continue leftloop;
                    case RIGHT:
                    case NONE:
                        continue leftloop;

        Collections.sort(toBeRemoved, new Comparator<Integer>() {
            public int compare(Integer o1, Integer o2) {
                return o2 - o1;

        for (int i : toBeRemoved) {
            if (i >= 0 && i < list.size()) {

    public static <T> void List(List<T> list, Keeper<T> keeper) {
        Iterator<T> iterator = list.iterator();
        while (iterator.hasNext()) {
            if (!keeper.keep( {

    public interface Keeper<E> {
        boolean keep(E obj);

    public interface Chooser<E> {
        Keep choose(E left, E right);

    public enum Keep {

This will bee used like this.

List<String> names = new ArrayList<>();
Filter.List(names, new Filter.Chooser<String>() {
    public Filter.Keep choose(String left, String right) {
        return left.equals(right) ? Filter.Keep.LEFT : Filter.Keep.BOTH;

@ZhekaKozlov 2016-12-15 09:20:47

With Guava:

Collection<Integer> collection = Lists.newArrayList(1, 2, 3, 4, 5);

Iterators.removeIf(collection.iterator(), new Predicate<Integer>() {
    public boolean apply(Integer i) {
        return i % 2 == 0;

System.out.println(collection); // Prints 1, 3, 5

@Alan 2008-09-23 16:41:41

Assuming that you are using Java 1.5, and that you cannot add Google Collections, I would do something very similar to what the Google guys did. This is a slight variation on Jon's comments.

First add this interface to your codebase.

public interface IPredicate<T> { boolean apply(T type); }

Its implementers can answer when a certain predicate is true of a certain type. E.g. If T were User and AuthorizedUserPredicate<User> implements IPredicate<T>, then AuthorizedUserPredicate#apply returns whether the passed in User is authorized.

Then in some utility class, you could say

public static <T> Collection<T> filter(Collection<T> target, IPredicate<T> predicate) {
    Collection<T> result = new ArrayList<T>();
    for (T element: target) {
        if (predicate.apply(element)) {
    return result;

So, assuming that you have the use of the above might be

Predicate<User> isAuthorized = new Predicate<User>() {
    public boolean apply(User user) {
        // binds a boolean method in User to a reference
        return user.isAuthorized();
// allUsers is a Collection<User>
Collection<User> authorizedUsers = filter(allUsers, isAuthorized);

If performance on the linear check is of concern, then I might want to have a domain object that has the target collection. The domain object that has the target collection would have filtering logic for the methods that initialize, add and set the target collection.


In the utility class (let's say Predicate), I have added a select method with an option for default value when the predicate doesn't return the expected value, and also a static property for params to be used inside the new IPredicate.

public class Predicate {
    public static Object predicateParams;

    public static <T> Collection<T> filter(Collection<T> target, IPredicate<T> predicate) {
        Collection<T> result = new ArrayList<T>();
        for (T element : target) {
            if (predicate.apply(element)) {
        return result;

    public static <T> T select(Collection<T> target, IPredicate<T> predicate) {
        T result = null;
        for (T element : target) {
            if (!predicate.apply(element))
            result = element;
        return result;

    public static <T> T select(Collection<T> target, IPredicate<T> predicate, T defaultValue) {
        T result = defaultValue;
        for (T element : target) {
            if (!predicate.apply(element))
            result = element;
        return result;

The following example looks for missing objects between collections:

List<MyTypeA> missingObjects = (List<MyTypeA>) Predicate.filter(myCollectionOfA,
    new IPredicate<MyTypeA>() {
        public boolean apply(MyTypeA objectOfA) {
            Predicate.predicateParams = objectOfA.getName();
            return, new IPredicate<MyTypeB>() {
                public boolean apply(MyTypeB objectOfB) {
                    return objectOfB.getName().equals(Predicate.predicateParams.toString());
            }) == null;

The following example, looks for an instance in a collection, and returns the first element of the collection as default value when the instance is not found:

MyType myObject =, new IPredicate<MyType>() {
public boolean apply(MyType objectOfMyType) {
    return objectOfMyType.isDefault();
}}, collectionOfMyType.get(0));

UPDATE (after Java 8 release):

It's been several years since I (Alan) first posted this answer, and I still cannot believe I am collecting SO points for this answer. At any rate, now that Java 8 has introduced closures to the language, my answer would now be considerably different, and simpler. With Java 8, there is no need for a distinct static utility class. So if you want to find the 1st element that matches your predicate.

final UserService userService = ... // perhaps injected IoC
final Optional<UserModel> userOption = -> {
    boolean isAuthorized = userService.isAuthorized(u);
    return isAuthorized;

The JDK 8 API for optionals has the ability to get(), isPresent(), orElse(defaultUser), orElseGet(userSupplier) and orElseThrow(exceptionSupplier), as well as other 'monadic' functions such as map, flatMap and filter.

If you want to simply collect all the users which match the predicate, then use the Collectors to terminate the stream in the desired collection.

final UserService userService = ... // perhaps injected IoC
final List<UserModel> userOption = -> {
    boolean isAuthorized = userService.isAuthorized(u);
    return isAuthorized;

See here for more examples on how Java 8 streams work.

@Kevin Wong 2008-09-25 18:18:09

Yeah, but I hate to reinvent the wheel, again, repeatedly. I'd rather find some utility library that does when I want.

@Josh 2008-10-11 19:54:58

This isn't the best way in case you don't want the new collection. Use the filter iterator metaphor, which may input into a new collection, or it may be all that you a need.

@Alan 2014-06-03 20:33:22

@Nestor: in a Scala comprehension, filtering would be much simpler: val authorized = for (user <- users if user.isAuthorized) yield user

@Rohan 2016-03-14 12:45:06

Does this modify the original collection or create a brand new one? I tried using this method and logged both my collections(the original and the one returned from the method), they are the same. @Alan

@Rohan 2016-03-15 02:44:45

Any idea if this method is meant to modify the original collection. I tried using this method, it ended up filtering my original collection too.

@Alan 2016-06-11 16:04:34

@Rohan, this is not meant to mutate the original collection. Note that the result collection above is newly constructed, and the filter method adds to the result collection only if the predicate applies.

@Brian Bowman 2014-07-24 02:13:01

I'll throw RxJava in the ring, which is also available on Android. RxJava might not always be the best option, but it will give you more flexibility if you wish add more transformations on your collection or handle errors while filtering.

Observable.from(Arrays.asList(1, 2, 3, 4, 5))
    .filter(new Func1<Integer, Boolean>() {
        public Boolean call(Integer i) {
            return i % 2 != 0;
    .subscribe(new Action1<Integer>() {
        public void call(Integer i) {



More details on RxJava's filter can be found here.

@hd84335 2015-12-12 21:47:55

Using java 8, specifically lambda expression, you can do it simply like the below example: -> prod.price>10).collect(Collectors.toList())

where for each product inside myProducts collection, if prod.price>10, then add this product to the new filtered list.

@Kevin Wong 2008-09-23 16:28:43

@Kevin Wong 2008-09-23 16:30:05

this is okay, but it's no generic, and modifies the collection in place (not nice)

@skaffman 2009-09-06 15:08:47

There are other filter methods in CollectionUtils that do not modify the original collection.

@Eero 2010-09-29 12:27:38

In particular, the method that does not modify the collection in place is org.apache.commons.collections.CollectionUtils#select(Collec‌​tion,Predicate)

@Justin Emery 2014-06-16 19:26:05

In Commons Collections v4 this now uses Generics.

@user2417480 2015-10-15 12:18:34

This method should be used with caution as it relies (at least in implementation of commons-collections-3.2.1) on iterator.remove() method which is optional for the collections, so instead of filtering, say, an array, you might get an UnsupportedOperationException.

@npgall 2012-07-29 22:12:45

@Heath Borders 2008-09-23 16:29:49

Consider Google Collections for an updated Collections framework that supports generics.

UPDATE: The google collections library is now deprecated. You should use the latest release of Guava instead. It still has all the same extensions to the collections framework including a mechanism for filtering based on a predicate.

@Kevin Wong 2008-09-23 18:25:00

ya, I knew about the Google collections lib. The version I was using didn't have Collections2 in it. I added a new answer to this question that lists the specific method.

@Kevin Bourrillion 2009-11-08 16:43:49

Kevin, Iterables.filter() and Iterators.filter() have been there from the beginning, and are usually all you need.

@vikingsteve 2015-04-22 11:18:24

My answer builds on that from Kevin Wong, here as a one-liner using CollectionUtils from spring and a Java 8 lambda expression.

CollectionUtils.filter(list, p -> ((Person) p).getAge() > 16);

This is as concise and readable as any alternative I have seen (without using aspect-based libraries)

Spring CollectionUtils is available from spring version 4.0.2.RELEASE, and remember you need JDK 1.8 and language level 8+.

@gavenkoa 2013-08-29 10:50:37

Wait for Java 8:

List<Person> olderThan30 = 
  //Create a Stream from the personList
  //filter the element to select only those with age >= 30
  filter(p -> p.age >= 30).
  //put those filtered elements into a new List.

@Kevin Wong 2013-08-30 13:38:11's so verbose. Why couldn't they just do: List<Person> result = personList.filter(p -> p.age > 30);

@gavenkoa 2013-08-30 13:42:17

@KevinWong I actually get with example from official tutorial so don't know about another syntax...

@Kevin Wong 2013-09-06 18:58:11

I don't doubt that this is the official syntax. I'm just saying that it kinda sucks.

@gavenkoa 2013-09-07 13:55:54

To use filter directly on Collection you need use removeIf call:…

@Rogue 2014-05-12 05:09:18

@KevinWong "verbose" pretty much describes the whole language I would think. At least they're consistent?

@Nestor Hernandez Loli 2014-05-12 13:45:29

Why not use Collectors.toList() in the last part?

@Captain Man 2015-06-16 20:58:05

Here is a link gavenkoa provided that doesn't 404. personList.removeIf(p -> p.age < 30); Less verbose. Also, I've heard talk about starting to implement apis that accept and return Streams rather than Collections because Streams are very useful and fast but going to/from them is slow.

@Low Flying Pelican 2014-09-03 12:59:35

Supports different possibilities,

Given collection,

Collection<Dto> testList = new ArrayList<>();

of type,

class Dto
    private int id;
    private String text;

    public int getId()
        return id;

    public int getText()
        return text;


Java 7

Filter<Dto> query = CQ.<Dto>filter(testList)
Collection<Dto> filtered = query.list();

Java 8

Filter<Dto> query = CQ.<Dto>filter(testList)
Collection<Dto> filtered = query.list();


Filter<Dto> query = CQ.<Dto>filter()
        .property(Dto::grtText).in().value(new string[]{"a","b"});

Sorting (also available for the Java 7)

Filter<Dto> query = CQ.<Dto>filter(testList)
    Collection<Dto> sorted = query.list();

Grouping (also available for the Java 7)

GroupQuery<Integer,Dto> query = CQ.<Dto,Dto>query(testList)
    Collection<Grouping<Integer,Dto>> grouped = query.list();

Joins (also available for the Java 7)


class LeftDto
    private int id;
    private String text;

    public int getId()
        return id;

    public int getText()
        return text;

class RightDto
    private int id;
    private int leftId;
    private String text;

    public int getId()
        return id;

    public int getLeftId()
            return leftId;

    public int getText()
        return text;

class JoinedDto
    private int leftId;
    private int rightId;
    private String text;

    public JoinedDto(int leftId,int rightId,String text)
        this.leftId = leftId;
        this.rightId = rightId;
        this.text = text;

    public int getLeftId()
        return leftId;

    public int getRightId()
            return rightId;

    public int getText()
        return text;

Collection<LeftDto> leftList = new ArrayList<>();

Collection<RightDto> rightList = new ArrayList<>();

Can be Joined like,

Collection<JoinedDto> results = CQ.<LeftDto, LeftDto>query().from(leftList)
                .<RightDto, JoinedDto>innerJoin(CQ.<RightDto, RightDto>query().from(rightList))
                .on(LeftFyo::getId, RightDto::getLeftId)
                .transformDirect(selection ->  new JoinedDto(selection.getLeft().getText()
                                                     , selection.getLeft().getId()
                                                     , selection.getRight().getId())


Filter<Dto> query = CQ.<Dto>filter()
    .exec(s -> s.getId() + 1).eq().value(2);

@Vincent Robert 2010-04-05 12:43:11

I wrote an extended Iterable class that support applying functional algorithms without copying the collection content.


List<Integer> myList = new ArrayList<Integer>(){ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 }

Iterable<Integer> filtered = Iterable.wrap(myList).select(new Predicate1<Integer>()
    public Boolean call(Integer n) throws FunctionalException
        return n % 2 == 0;

for( int n : filtered )

The code above will actually execute

for( int n : myList )
    if( n % 2 == 0 ) 

@Vladimir Dyuzhev 2008-09-23 16:41:32

"Best" way is too wide a request. Is it "shortest"? "Fastest"? "Readable"? Filter in place or into another collection?

Simplest (but not most readable) way is to iterate it and use Iterator.remove() method:

Iterator<Foo> it = col.iterator();
while( it.hasNext() ) {
  Foo foo =;
  if( !condition(foo) ) it.remove();

Now, to make it more readable, you can wrap it into a utility method. Then invent a IPredicate interface, create an anonymous implementation of that interface and do something like:

  new IPredicate<Foo>(){
    public boolean keepIt(Foo foo) {
      return foo.isBar();

where filterInPlace() iterate the collection and calls Predicate.keepIt() to learn if the instance to be kept in the collection.

I don't really see a justification for bringing in a third-party library just for this task.

@ZeroOne 2012-12-21 11:40:55

My vote goes for this one: it just works, with no external libraries. I never realized instantiating an Iterator could actually be useful compared to using the for-each syntax, or that you could remove items from a list without a ConcurrentModificationException or something like that. :)

@Populus 2014-12-12 15:38:04

I think this is the best way using standard Java lib without copying. For 1.8 there would be the stream() feature, but not everyone gets to play with the newest toys :P

@Rohan 2016-03-15 02:46:21

Does this modify the original collection too? @ZeroOne

@ZeroOne 2016-03-15 03:39:50

Yes of course it does, @Rohan. Try it if you don't believe it. ;)

@Rohan 2016-03-15 04:13:57

Haha I did! But I want to retain my original collection. Can you suggest a way to do this without adding an external lib? @ZeroOne

@ZeroOne 2016-03-15 06:38:45

@Rohan, OK so you want a new list? See gavenkoa's answer with Java 8 for that.

@ykaganovich 2008-09-23 16:41:08

Are you sure you want to filter the Collection itself, rather than an iterator?

see org.apache.commons.collections.iterators.FilterIterator

or using version 4 of apache commons org.apache.commons.collections4.iterators.FilterIterator

@Andrew McKnight 2014-07-03 18:54:39

The simple pre-Java8 solution:

ArrayList<Item> filtered = new ArrayList<Item>(); 
for (Item item : items) if (condition(item)) filtered.add(item);

Unfortunately this solution isn't fully generic, outputting a list rather than the type of the given collection. Also, bringing in libraries or writing functions that wrap this code seems like overkill to me unless the condition is complex, but then you can write a function for the condition.

@Nestor Hernandez Loli 2014-05-12 05:03:57

How about some plain and straighforward Java

 List<Customer> list ...;
 List<Customer> newList = new ArrayList<>();
 for (Customer c : list){
    if (c.getName().equals("dd")) newList.add(c);

Simple, readable and easy (and works in Android!) But if you're using Java 8 you can do it in a sweet one line:

List<Customer> newList = -> c.getName().equals("dd")).collect(toList());

Note that toList() is statically imported

@Josh M 2013-10-27 21:41:55

Since the early release of Java 8, you could try something like:

Collection<T> collection = ...;
Stream<T> stream =;

For example, if you had a list of integers and you wanted to filter the numbers that are > 10 and then print out those numbers to the console, you could do something like:

List<Integer> numbers = Arrays.asList(12, 74, 5, 8, 16); -> n > 10).forEach(System.out::println);

@Kevin Wong 2008-09-23 18:21:13

The Collections2.filter(Collection,Predicate) method in Google's Guava library does just what you're looking for.

@Kamran Ali Khan 2012-04-05 10:46:58

JFilter is best suited for your requirement.

JFilter is a simple and high performance open source library to query collection of Java beans.

Key features

  • Support of collection (java.util.Collection, java.util.Map and Array) properties.
  • Support of collection inside collection of any depth.
  • Support of inner queries.
  • Support of parameterized queries.
  • Can filter 1 million records in few 100 ms.
  • Filter ( query) is given in simple json format, it is like Mangodb queries. Following are some examples.
  • { "id":{"$le":"10"}
    • where object id property is less than equals to 10.
  • { "id": {"$in":["0", "100"]}}
    • where object id property is 0 or 100.
  • {"lineItems":{"lineAmount":"1"}}
    • where lineItems collection property of parameterized type has lineAmount equals to 1.
  • { "$and":[{"id": "0"}, {"billingAddress":{"city":"DEL"}}]}
    • where id property is 0 and property is DEL.
  • {"lineItems":{"taxes":{ "key":{"code":"GST"}, "value":{"$gt": "1.01"}}}}
    • where lineItems collection property of parameterized type which has taxes map type property of parameteriszed type has code equals to GST value greater than 1.01.
  • {'$or':[{'code':'10'},{'skus': {'$and':[{'price':{'$in':['20', '40']}}, {'code':'RedApple'}]}}]}
    • Select all products where product code is 10 or sku price in 20 and 40 and sku code is "RedApple".

@assylias 2012-04-05 11:01:01

You should disclaim that you are the author (as I think it is the case).

@Kamran Ali Khan 2012-04-06 05:50:47

Yes, I am the author of this library.

@jdc0589 2010-01-21 04:35:30

This, combined with the lack of real closures, is my biggest gripe for Java. Honestly, most of the methods mentioned above are pretty easy to read and REALLY efficient; however, after spending time with .Net, Erlang, etc... list comprehension integrated at the language level makes everything so much cleaner. Without additions at the language level, Java just cant be as clean as many other languages in this area.

If performance is a huge concern, Google collections is the way to go (or write your own simple predicate utility). Lambdaj syntax is more readable for some people, but it is not quite as efficient.

And then there is a library I wrote. I will ignore any questions in regard to its efficiency (yea, its that bad)...... Yes, i know its clearly reflection based, and no I don't actually use it, but it does work:

LinkedList<Person> list = ......
LinkedList<Person> filtered = 
           Query.from(list).where(Condition.ensure("age", Op.GTE, 21));


LinkedList<Person> list = ....
LinkedList<Person> filtered = Query.from(list).where("x => x.age >= 21");

@MatrixFrog 2011-06-20 22:39:26

Link? Even if your library is inefficient or otherwise unusable it might be interesting to look at if the source is available.

@jdc0589 2011-06-23 03:02:42

Made the repo public ( You are interested in the expression package. The test package has a tester with example usage. I never really did much work on the string query interface referenced above (didnt feel like writing a real parser), so the explicit query interface in the tester is the way to go.

@akuhn 2008-12-03 13:45:55

With the ForEach DSL you may write

import static;
import static ch.akuhn.util.query.Query.$result;
import ch.akuhn.util.query.Select;

Collection<String> collection = ...

for (Select<String> each : select(collection)) {
    each.yield = each.value.length() > 3;

Collection<String> result = $result();

Given a collection of [The, quick, brown, fox, jumps, over, the, lazy, dog] this results in [quick, brown, jumps, over, lazy], ie all strings longer than three characters.

All iteration styles supported by the ForEach DSL are

  • AllSatisfy
  • AnySatisfy
  • Collect
  • Counnt
  • CutPieces
  • Detect
  • GroupedBy
  • IndexOf
  • InjectInto
  • Reject
  • Select

For more details, please refer to

@oxbow_lakes 2009-02-25 21:47:09

That's pretty clever! A lot of work to implement a nice Ruby-ish syntax though! The negative is that your filter is not a first-class function and hence cannot be re-used. Roll on closures...

@akuhn 2009-02-28 16:00:32

Good point. One way to reuse the loop body is by refactoring the loop into a method that takes the selection query as parameter. That is however by far not as handy and powerful as real closures, for sure.

@jon 2008-09-23 16:41:27

The setup:

public interface Predicate<T> {
  public boolean filter(T t);

void filterCollection(Collection<T> col, Predicate<T> predicate) {
  for (Iterator i = col.iterator(); i.hasNext();) {
    T obj =;
    if (predicate.filter(obj)) {

The usage:

List<MyObject> myList = ...;
filterCollection(myList, new Predicate<MyObject>() {
  public boolean filter(MyObject obj) {
    return obj.shouldFilter();

@marcospereira 2008-09-24 03:45:33

Fine, but I prefer Alan implementation because you get a copy of the collection instead of altering it. Moreover, Alan's code is thread safe while yours is not.

Related Questions

Sponsored Content

87 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] Is Java "pass-by-reference" or "pass-by-value"?

43 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] How do I efficiently iterate over each entry in a Java Map?

33 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] When to use LinkedList over ArrayList in Java?

58 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] How to create a memory leak in Java?

32 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] What's the simplest way to print a Java array?

  • 2009-01-03 20:39:39
  • Alex Spurling
  • 2309865 View
  • 1955 Score
  • 32 Answer
  • Tags:   java arrays printing

28 Answered Questions

66 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] How do I generate random integers within a specific range in Java?

  • 2008-12-12 18:20:57
  • user42155
  • 4087060 View
  • 3525 Score
  • 66 Answer
  • Tags:   java random integer

44 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] How do I convert a String to an int in Java?

31 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] Initialization of an ArrayList in one line

59 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] How do I read / convert an InputStream into a String in Java?

Sponsored Content