By SNV7


2013-02-03 17:12:28 8 Comments

I just started learning about UICollectionViews. I'm wondering if anyone knows how to specify the number of columns in a collectionview. The default is set to 3 (iPhone/portrait). I've looked at the documentation and can't seem to find a concise answer.

15 comments

@Imanou Petit 2016-12-31 15:32:51

With Swift 5 and iOS 12.3, you can use one the 4 following implementations in order to set the number of items per row in your UICollectionView while managing insets and size changes (including rotation).


#1. Subclassing UICollectionViewFlowLayout and using UICollectionViewFlowLayout's itemSize property

ColumnFlowLayout.swift:

import UIKit

class ColumnFlowLayout: UICollectionViewFlowLayout {

    let cellsPerRow: Int

    init(cellsPerRow: Int, minimumInteritemSpacing: CGFloat = 0, minimumLineSpacing: CGFloat = 0, sectionInset: UIEdgeInsets = .zero) {
        self.cellsPerRow = cellsPerRow
        super.init()

        self.minimumInteritemSpacing = minimumInteritemSpacing
        self.minimumLineSpacing = minimumLineSpacing
        self.sectionInset = sectionInset
    }

    required init?(coder aDecoder: NSCoder) {
        fatalError("init(coder:) has not been implemented")
    }

    override func prepare() {
        super.prepare()

        guard let collectionView = collectionView else { return }
        let marginsAndInsets = sectionInset.left + sectionInset.right + collectionView.safeAreaInsets.left + collectionView.safeAreaInsets.right + minimumInteritemSpacing * CGFloat(cellsPerRow - 1)
        let itemWidth = ((collectionView.bounds.size.width - marginsAndInsets) / CGFloat(cellsPerRow)).rounded(.down)
        itemSize = CGSize(width: itemWidth, height: itemWidth)
    }

    override func invalidationContext(forBoundsChange newBounds: CGRect) -> UICollectionViewLayoutInvalidationContext {
        let context = super.invalidationContext(forBoundsChange: newBounds) as! UICollectionViewFlowLayoutInvalidationContext
        context.invalidateFlowLayoutDelegateMetrics = newBounds.size != collectionView?.bounds.size
        return context
    }

}

CollectionViewController.swift:

import UIKit

class CollectionViewController: UICollectionViewController {

    let columnLayout = ColumnFlowLayout(
        cellsPerRow: 5,
        minimumInteritemSpacing: 10,
        minimumLineSpacing: 10,
        sectionInset: UIEdgeInsets(top: 10, left: 10, bottom: 10, right: 10)
    )

    override func viewDidLoad() {
        super.viewDidLoad()

        collectionView?.collectionViewLayout = columnLayout
        collectionView?.contentInsetAdjustmentBehavior = .always
        collectionView?.register(UICollectionViewCell.self, forCellWithReuseIdentifier: "Cell")
    }

    override func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, numberOfItemsInSection section: Int) -> Int {
        return 59
    }

    override func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, cellForItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> UICollectionViewCell {
        let cell = collectionView.dequeueReusableCell(withReuseIdentifier: "Cell", for: indexPath)
        cell.backgroundColor = UIColor.orange
        return cell
    }

}

enter image description here


#2. Using UICollectionViewFlowLayout's itemSize method

import UIKit

class CollectionViewController: UICollectionViewController {

    let margin: CGFloat = 10
    let cellsPerRow = 5

    override func viewDidLoad() {
        super.viewDidLoad()

        guard let collectionView = collectionView, let flowLayout = collectionViewLayout as? UICollectionViewFlowLayout else { return }

        flowLayout.minimumInteritemSpacing = margin
        flowLayout.minimumLineSpacing = margin
        flowLayout.sectionInset = UIEdgeInsets(top: margin, left: margin, bottom: margin, right: margin)

        collectionView.contentInsetAdjustmentBehavior = .always
        collectionView.register(UICollectionViewCell.self, forCellWithReuseIdentifier: "Cell")
    }

    override func viewWillLayoutSubviews() {
        guard let collectionView = collectionView, let flowLayout = collectionView.collectionViewLayout as? UICollectionViewFlowLayout else { return }
        let marginsAndInsets = flowLayout.sectionInset.left + flowLayout.sectionInset.right + collectionView.safeAreaInsets.left + collectionView.safeAreaInsets.right + flowLayout.minimumInteritemSpacing * CGFloat(cellsPerRow - 1)
        let itemWidth = ((collectionView.bounds.size.width - marginsAndInsets) / CGFloat(cellsPerRow)).rounded(.down)
        flowLayout.itemSize =  CGSize(width: itemWidth, height: itemWidth)
    }

    override func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, numberOfItemsInSection section: Int) -> Int {
        return 59
    }

    override func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, cellForItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> UICollectionViewCell {
        let cell = collectionView.dequeueReusableCell(withReuseIdentifier: "Cell", for: indexPath)
        cell.backgroundColor = UIColor.orange
        return cell
    }

    override func viewWillTransition(to size: CGSize, with coordinator: UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinator) {
        collectionView?.collectionViewLayout.invalidateLayout()
        super.viewWillTransition(to: size, with: coordinator)
    }

}

#3. Using UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout's collectionView(_:layout:sizeForItemAt:) method

import UIKit

class CollectionViewController: UICollectionViewController, UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout {

    let inset: CGFloat = 10
    let minimumLineSpacing: CGFloat = 10
    let minimumInteritemSpacing: CGFloat = 10
    let cellsPerRow = 5

    override func viewDidLoad() {
        super.viewDidLoad()

        collectionView?.contentInsetAdjustmentBehavior = .always
        collectionView?.register(UICollectionViewCell.self, forCellWithReuseIdentifier: "Cell")
    }

    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, insetForSectionAt section: Int) -> UIEdgeInsets {
        return UIEdgeInsets(top: inset, left: inset, bottom: inset, right: inset)
    }

    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, minimumLineSpacingForSectionAt section: Int) -> CGFloat {
        return minimumLineSpacing
    }

    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, minimumInteritemSpacingForSectionAt section: Int) -> CGFloat {
        return minimumInteritemSpacing
    }

    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, sizeForItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> CGSize {
        let marginsAndInsets = inset * 2 + collectionView.safeAreaInsets.left + collectionView.safeAreaInsets.right + minimumInteritemSpacing * CGFloat(cellsPerRow - 1)
        let itemWidth = ((collectionView.bounds.size.width - marginsAndInsets) / CGFloat(cellsPerRow)).rounded(.down)
        return CGSize(width: itemWidth, height: itemWidth)
    }

    override func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, numberOfItemsInSection section: Int) -> Int {
        return 59
    }

    override func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, cellForItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> UICollectionViewCell {
        let cell = collectionView.dequeueReusableCell(withReuseIdentifier: "Cell", for: indexPath)
        cell.backgroundColor = UIColor.orange
        return cell
    }

    override func viewWillTransition(to size: CGSize, with coordinator: UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinator) {
        collectionView?.collectionViewLayout.invalidateLayout()
        super.viewWillTransition(to: size, with: coordinator)
    }

}

#4. Subclassing UICollectionViewFlowLayout and using UICollectionViewFlowLayout's estimatedItemSize property

CollectionViewController.swift:

import UIKit

class CollectionViewController: UICollectionViewController {

    let items = [
        "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.",
        "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur.",
        "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.",
        "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur.",
        "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing.",
        "Lorem ipsum.",
        "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.",
        "Lorem ipsum dolor sit.",
        "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing.",
        "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.",
        "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor.",
        "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur."
    ]

    let columnLayout = FlowLayout(
        cellsPerRow: 3,
        minimumInteritemSpacing: 10,
        minimumLineSpacing: 10,
        sectionInset: UIEdgeInsets(top: 10, left: 10, bottom: 10, right: 10)
    )

    override func viewDidLoad() {
        super.viewDidLoad()

        collectionView?.collectionViewLayout = columnLayout
        collectionView?.contentInsetAdjustmentBehavior = .always
        collectionView?.register(Cell.self, forCellWithReuseIdentifier: "Cell")
    }

    override func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, numberOfItemsInSection section: Int) -> Int {
        return items.count
    }

    override func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, cellForItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> UICollectionViewCell {
        let cell = collectionView.dequeueReusableCell(withReuseIdentifier: "Cell", for: indexPath) as! Cell
        cell.label.text = items[indexPath.row]
        return cell
    }

    override func viewWillTransition(to size: CGSize, with coordinator: UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinator) {
        collectionView?.collectionViewLayout.invalidateLayout()
        super.viewWillTransition(to: size, with: coordinator)
    }

}

FlowLayout.swift:

import UIKit

class FlowLayout: UICollectionViewFlowLayout {

    let cellsPerRow: Int

    required init(cellsPerRow: Int = 1, minimumInteritemSpacing: CGFloat = 0, minimumLineSpacing: CGFloat = 0, sectionInset: UIEdgeInsets = .zero) {
        self.cellsPerRow = cellsPerRow

        super.init()

        self.minimumInteritemSpacing = minimumInteritemSpacing
        self.minimumLineSpacing = minimumLineSpacing
        self.sectionInset = sectionInset
        estimatedItemSize = UICollectionViewFlowLayout.automaticSize
    }

    required init?(coder aDecoder: NSCoder) {
        fatalError("init(coder:) has not been implemented")
    }

    override func layoutAttributesForItem(at indexPath: IndexPath) -> UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes? {
        guard let layoutAttributes = super.layoutAttributesForItem(at: indexPath) else { return nil }
        guard let collectionView = collectionView else { return layoutAttributes }

        let marginsAndInsets = collectionView.safeAreaInsets.left + collectionView.safeAreaInsets.right + sectionInset.left + sectionInset.right + minimumInteritemSpacing * CGFloat(cellsPerRow - 1)
        layoutAttributes.bounds.size.width = ((collectionView.bounds.width - marginsAndInsets) / CGFloat(cellsPerRow)).rounded(.down)

        return layoutAttributes
    }

    override func layoutAttributesForElements(in rect: CGRect) -> [UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes]? {
        let superLayoutAttributes = super.layoutAttributesForElements(in: rect)!.map { $0.copy() as! UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes }
        guard scrollDirection == .vertical else { return superLayoutAttributes }

        let layoutAttributes = superLayoutAttributes.compactMap { layoutAttribute in
            return layoutAttribute.representedElementCategory == .cell ? layoutAttributesForItem(at: layoutAttribute.indexPath) : layoutAttribute
        }

        // (optional) Uncomment to top align cells that are on the same line
        /*
        let cellAttributes = layoutAttributes.filter({ $0.representedElementCategory == .cell })
        for (_, attributes) in Dictionary(grouping: cellAttributes, by: { ($0.center.y / 10).rounded(.up) * 10 }) {
            guard let max = attributes.max(by: { $0.size.height < $1.size.height }) else { continue }
            for attribute in attributes where attribute.size.height != max.size.height {
                attribute.frame.origin.y = max.frame.origin.y
            }
        }
         */

        // (optional) Uncomment to bottom align cells that are on the same line
        /*
        let cellAttributes = layoutAttributes.filter({ $0.representedElementCategory == .cell })
        for (_, attributes) in Dictionary(grouping: cellAttributes, by: { ($0.center.y / 10).rounded(.up) * 10 }) {
            guard let max = attributes.max(by: { $0.size.height < $1.size.height }) else { continue }
            for attribute in attributes where attribute.size.height != max.size.height {
                attribute.frame.origin.y += max.frame.maxY - attribute.frame.maxY
            }
        }
         */

        return layoutAttributes
    }

}

Cell.swift:

import UIKit

class Cell: UICollectionViewCell {

    let label = UILabel()

    override init(frame: CGRect) {
        super.init(frame: frame)

        label.numberOfLines = 0
        backgroundColor = .orange
        contentView.addSubview(label)

        label.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
        label.topAnchor.constraint(equalTo: contentView.layoutMarginsGuide.topAnchor).isActive = true
        label.leadingAnchor.constraint(equalTo: contentView.layoutMarginsGuide.leadingAnchor).isActive = true
        label.trailingAnchor.constraint(equalTo: contentView.layoutMarginsGuide.trailingAnchor).isActive = true
        label.bottomAnchor.constraint(equalTo: contentView.layoutMarginsGuide.bottomAnchor).isActive = true
    }

    required init?(coder aDecoder: NSCoder) {
        fatalError("init(coder:) has not been implemented")
    }

    override func preferredLayoutAttributesFitting(_ layoutAttributes: UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes) -> UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes {
        layoutIfNeeded()
        label.preferredMaxLayoutWidth = label.bounds.size.width
        layoutAttributes.bounds.size.height = contentView.systemLayoutSizeFitting(UIView.layoutFittingCompressedSize).height
        return layoutAttributes
    }

    // Alternative implementation
    /*
    override func preferredLayoutAttributesFitting(_ layoutAttributes: UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes) -> UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes {
        label.preferredMaxLayoutWidth = layoutAttributes.size.width - contentView.layoutMargins.left - contentView.layoutMargins.right
        layoutAttributes.bounds.size.height = contentView.systemLayoutSizeFitting(UIView.layoutFittingCompressedSize).height
        return layoutAttributes
    }
    */

}

enter image description here

@vale 2017-02-17 16:15:09

The solutions that use "viewWillTransition(to size ..." don't handle device rotation properly. Since it's called before the frame is set, the old dimension of the collectionView is used to calculate the cell size. (Haven't tried the other solutions yet)

@Tom Wolters 2017-05-30 08:33:11

I used solution #1, you're my new hero.

@shahil 2017-07-02 12:25:56

I used your solution #1. Its superb.

@user1244109 2017-07-03 03:53:20

what a great answer, thank you

@Led 2017-08-07 11:10:43

great and complete answer, implemented #2

@Brian 2017-09-07 04:29:49

Solution #1 is perfect! Thank you for the contribution!

@Naveed Ahmad 2017-09-21 20:05:57

Oh Allah, super dooper answer. I will write a tutorial on it. Thanks man, you are champion

@Chetan 2017-12-27 14:02:30

Solution #2 is perfect fir for me, Thanks :)

@Christian Correa 2018-01-27 00:04:20

Wonderful answer with clear examples. I appreciate how it points you to different options, too. It deserves more upvotes.

@TruMan1 2018-02-12 18:19:50

This is awesome, #1 is great. Found better results regarding orientation changes by assigning itemSize a value in the prepare() override function. Also, adding @IBInspectable for the properties make it storyboard friendly.

@user25 2018-02-21 13:32:21

UICollectionView_p1_Swift[5166:81058] Could not cast value of type 'UICollectionViewCell' (0x105f98a18) to 'UICollectionView_p1_Swift.GalleryItemCollectionViewCell' (0x103316180).

@Krin-San 2018-03-22 08:50:11

Wonderful answer! Chosen #4 to support constraints-based sizing. Special thanks for optional aligning snippets - that's what I need.

@iori24 2018-09-11 06:51:02

@Imanou Nice solution!! I'm using solution#1. Btw my minimum os is still 10.0. What is the equivalent of "collectionView?.contentInsetAdjustmentBehavior = .always". in iOS 10?

@Baryon Lee 2019-02-08 03:39:42

How can get UICollectionView's height on Soluction #1

@wm.p1us 2019-03-11 12:55:15

I didn't use it but +1 for efforts that man can do.

@Jaywant Khedkar 2018-02-08 09:08:10

Try This,It's working perfect for me,

Follow below steps:

1. Define values in .h file.

     #define kNoOfColumsForCollection 3
     #define kNoOfRowsForCollection 4
     #define kcellSpace 5
     #define kCollectionViewCellWidth (self.view.frame.size.width - kcellSpace*kNoOfColumsForCollection)/kNoOfColumsForCollection
     #define kCollectionViewCellHieght (self.view.frame.size.height-40- kcellSpace*kNoOfRowsForCollection)/kNoOfRowsForCollection

OR

  #define kNoOfColumsForCollection 3
  #define kCollectionViewCellWidthHieght (self.view.frame.size.width - 6*kNoOfColumsForCollection)/kNoOfColumsForCollection

2.Add Code in collection View Layout data source methods as below,

 #pragma mark Collection View Layout data source methods
// collection view with autolayout

- (CGFloat)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout minimumLineSpacingForSectionAtIndex:(NSInteger)section
{
return 4;
}

- (CGFloat)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout minimumInteritemSpacingForSectionAtIndex:(NSInteger)section
 {
 return 1;
}

- (UIEdgeInsets)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout insetForSectionAtIndex:(NSInteger)section
{
return UIEdgeInsetsMake(4, 4, 4, 4);
}
- (CGSize)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView
              layout:(UICollectionViewLayout *)collectionViewLayout
   sizeForItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
{
 return 
 CGSizeMake(kCollectionViewCellWidth,kCollectionViewCellHieght);
 // CGSizeMake (kCollectionViewCellWidthHieght,kCollectionViewCellWidthHieght);
}

Hope this will be help for some one.

@Jo┼że Ws 2017-05-31 20:35:10

Swift 3.0. Works for both horizontal and vertical scroll directions and variable spacing

Specify number of columns

let numberOfColumns: CGFloat = 3

Configure flowLayout to render specified numberOfColumns

if let flowLayout = collectionView?.collectionViewLayout as? UICollectionViewFlowLayout {
    let horizontalSpacing = flowLayout.scrollDirection == .vertical ? flowLayout.minimumInteritemSpacing : flowLayout.minimumLineSpacing
    let cellWidth = (collectionView.frame.width - max(0, numberOfColumns - 1)*horizontalSpacing)/numberOfColumns
    flowLayout.itemSize = CGSize(width: cellWidth, height: cellWidth)
}

@J. Doe 2017-08-17 19:13:11

All those long answer everywhere and this works with 5 lines of code :)

@Womble 2017-09-28 04:19:52

Good attempt. But this will not work if you use a sectionInset on the collectionViewLayout. To fix this, (1) calculate the available width by taking the cell width and subtracting flowLayout.sectionInset.left and flowLayout.sectionInset.right from it. (2) Where you calculate the cellWidth, replace 'view.frame.width' with the value calculated at (1). Also, remember that the view's frame will only be finalized after loading, and can change, so you'll have to rebuild layout as needed.

@MhmdRizk 2017-12-14 16:41:45

This answer is for swift 3.0 -->

first conform to the protocol :

 UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout

then add these methods :

    //this method is for the size of items      
    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, sizeForItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> CGSize {
        let width = collectionView.frame.width/3
        let height : CGFloat = 160.0
        return CGSize(width: width, height: height)
    }
    //these methods are to configure the spacing between items

    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, insetForSectionAt section: Int) -> UIEdgeInsets {
        return UIEdgeInsetsMake(0,0,0,0)
    }

    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, minimumInteritemSpacingForSectionAt section: Int) -> CGFloat {
        return 0
    }

    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, minimumLineSpacingForSectionAt section: Int) -> CGFloat {
        return 0
    }

@Chen Jiling 2017-12-05 02:27:59

I made a collection layout.

To make the separator visible, Set the background color of the collection view to gray. One row per section.

Useage:

let layout = GridCollectionViewLayout()
layout.cellHeight = 50 // if not set, cellHeight = Collection.height/numberOfSections
layout.cellWidth = 50  // if not set, cellWidth = Collection.width/numberOfItems(inSection)
collectionView.collectionViewLayout = layout

Layout:

import UIKit

class GridCollectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout {


var cellWidth : CGFloat = 0
var cellHeight : CGFloat = 0
var seperator: CGFloat = 1

private var cache = [UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes]()



override func prepare() {

    guard let collectionView = self.collectionView else {
        return
    }

    self.cache.removeAll()



        let numberOfSections = collectionView.numberOfSections

        if cellHeight <= 0
        {
            cellHeight = (collectionView.bounds.height - seperator*CGFloat(numberOfSections-1))/CGFloat(numberOfSections)
        }

        for section in 0..<collectionView.numberOfSections {

            let numberOfItems = collectionView.numberOfItems(inSection: section)

            let cellWidth2 : CGFloat
            if cellWidth <= 0
            {
                cellWidth2 = (collectionView.bounds.width - seperator*CGFloat(numberOfItems-1))/CGFloat(numberOfItems)
            }
            else
            {
                cellWidth2 = cellWidth
            }


            for row in 0..<numberOfItems {


                let indexPath = NSIndexPath(row: row, section: section)

                let attributes = UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes(forCellWith: indexPath as IndexPath)
                attributes.frame = CGRect(x: (cellWidth2+seperator)*CGFloat(row),
                                          y: (cellHeight+seperator)*CGFloat(section),
                                          width: cellWidth2,
                                          height: cellHeight)

                //row_temp.append(attributes)

                self.cache.append(attributes)
            }
            //self.itemAttributes.append(row_temp)
        }

}

override var collectionViewContentSize: CGSize {

    guard let collectionView = collectionView else
    {
        return CGSize.zero
    }

    if (collectionView.numberOfSections <= 0)
    {
        return collectionView.bounds.size
    }

    let width:CGFloat
    if cellWidth <= 0
    {
        width = collectionView.bounds.width
    }
    else
    {
        width = cellWidth*CGFloat(collectionView.numberOfItems(inSection: 0))
    }

    let numberOfSections = CGFloat(collectionView.numberOfSections)
    var height:CGFloat = 0
    height += numberOfSections * cellHeight
    height += (numberOfSections - 1) * seperator



    return CGSize(width: width, height: height)
}

override func layoutAttributesForElements(in rect: CGRect) -> [UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes]? {

    var layoutAttributes = [UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes]()

    for attributes in cache {
        if attributes.frame.intersects(rect) {
            layoutAttributes.append(attributes)
        }
    }
    return layoutAttributes
}

override func layoutAttributesForItem(at indexPath: IndexPath) -> UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes? {
    return cache[indexPath.item]
}
}

@Jan-Michael Tressler 2017-10-17 06:40:59

I just wanted to append to Imanou Petit's answer #2. To ensure margins are exact regardless of screen width, I use an iterative solver with a desired margin, and the # of columns as inputs. I also added a directional flag on where their final margins will be compared to their target.

The iterative solver is shown below and returns cellWidth and margin.

private func iterativeCellSpacing(targetMargins : CGFloat,
                                  cellsPerRow : Int,
                                  isMinTarget : Bool) -> (CGFloat, CGFloat)
{
    var w : CGFloat = 0
    var m : CGFloat = targetMargins
    let cols : CGFloat = CGFloat(cellsPerRow)

    let numMargins : CGFloat = cols + 1.0
    let screenWidth : CGFloat = collectionView!.bounds.size.width


    var delta = CGFloat.greatestFiniteMagnitude
    while abs(delta) > 0.001
    {
        let totalMarginSpacing = numMargins * m
        let totalCellSpacing = screenWidth - totalMarginSpacing

        if (isMinTarget)
        {
            w = floor(totalCellSpacing / cols)
            m = ceil((screenWidth - cols * w) / numMargins)
        }
        else
        {
            w = ceil(totalCellSpacing / cols)
            m = floor((screenWidth - cols * w) / numMargins)
        }

        delta = screenWidth - w * CGFloat(cellsPerRow) - m * numMargins
    }

    return (w, m)
}

I call it as such:

fileprivate var margin: CGFloat = 20
fileprivate var cellWidth : CGFloat = 80
fileprivate let cellsPerRow = 4

override func viewDidLoad()
{
    super.viewDidLoad()

    (cellWidth, margin) = iterativeCellSpacing(targetMargins: margin, cellsPerRow: 4, isMinTarget: true)
    ...
}

I then apply the cellWidth and margin values to the flow layout as such:

extension MyCollectionController : UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout

{ func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, sizeForItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> CGSize { return CGSize(width: cellWidth, height: cellWidth) }

override func viewWillTransition(to size: CGSize, with coordinator: UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinator) {
    collectionView?.collectionViewLayout.invalidateLayout()
    super.viewWillTransition(to: size, with: coordinator)
}

func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, insetForSectionAt section: Int) -> UIEdgeInsets
{
    return UIEdgeInsetsMake(margin, margin, margin, margin)
}

func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, minimumLineSpacingForSectionAt section: Int) -> CGFloat
{
    return margin
}

func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, minimumInteritemSpacingForSectionAt section: Int) -> CGFloat
{
    return margin
}

}

Hope this helps. There probably is an easier way to ensure margins are exact, but this is one method. Also, this code hasn't been tested for devices that allow rotating collectionviews.

Thanks,

@brianLikeApple 2016-02-12 12:35:47

Updated to Swift 3:

Instead of the flow layout, I prefer using custom layout for specific column number and row number. Because:

  1. It can be dragged horizontally if column number is very big.
  2. It is more acceptable logically because of using column and row.

Normal cell and Header cell: (Add UILabel as a IBOutlet to your xib):

class CollectionViewCell: UICollectionViewCell {

@IBOutlet weak var label: UILabel!

override func awakeFromNib() {
    super.awakeFromNib()
    // Initialization code
    self.backgroundColor = UIColor.black
    label.textColor = UIColor.white
}
}

class CollectionViewHeadCell: UICollectionViewCell {

@IBOutlet weak var label: UILabel!

override func awakeFromNib() {
    super.awakeFromNib()
    // Initialization code
    self.backgroundColor = UIColor.darkGray
    label.textColor = UIColor.white
}
}

Custom layout:

let cellHeight: CGFloat = 100
let cellWidth: CGFloat = 100

class CustomCollectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout {
    private var numberOfColumns: Int!
    private var numberOfRows: Int!

    // It is two dimension array of itemAttributes
    private var itemAttributes = [[UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes]]()
    // It is one dimension of itemAttributes
    private var cache = [UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes]()

override func prepare() {
    if self.cache.isEmpty {

        self.numberOfColumns = self.collectionView?.numberOfItems(inSection: 0)
        self.numberOfRows = self.collectionView?.numberOfSections

        // Dynamically change cellWidth if total cell width is smaller than whole bounds
        /* if (self.collectionView?.bounds.size.width)!/CGFloat(self.numberOfColumns) > cellWidth {
         self.cellWidth = (self.collectionView?.bounds.size.width)!/CGFloat(self.numberOfColumns)
         }
         */
        for row in 0..<self.numberOfRows {
            var row_temp = [UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes]()
            for column in 0..<self.numberOfColumns {

                let indexPath = NSIndexPath(item: column, section: row)

                let attributes = UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes(forCellWith: indexPath as IndexPath)
                attributes.frame = CGRect(x: cellWidth*CGFloat(column), y: cellHeight*CGFloat(row), width: cellWidth, height: cellHeight)

                row_temp.append(attributes)

                self.cache.append(attributes)
            }
            self.itemAttributes.append(row_temp)
        }
    }
}
override var collectionViewContentSize: CGSize {
    return CGSize(width: CGFloat(self.numberOfColumns)*cellWidth, height: CGFloat(self.numberOfRows)*cellHeight)
}

override func layoutAttributesForElements(in rect: CGRect) -> [UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes]? {

    var layoutAttributes = [UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes]()

    for attributes in cache {
        if attributes.frame.intersects(rect) {
            layoutAttributes.append(attributes)
        }
    }
    return layoutAttributes
}
}

CollectionView:

let CellIdentifier = "CellIdentifier"
let HeadCellIdentifier = "HeadCellIdentifier"

class CollectionView: UICollectionView, UICollectionViewDelegate, UICollectionViewDataSource {

init() {
    let layout = CustomCollectionViewLayout()

    super.init(frame: CGRect.zero, collectionViewLayout: layout)

    self.register(UINib(nibName: "CollectionViewCell", bundle: nil), forCellWithReuseIdentifier: CellIdentifier)
    self.register(UINib(nibName: "CollectionViewHeadCell", bundle: nil), forCellWithReuseIdentifier: HeadCellIdentifier)

    self.isDirectionalLockEnabled = true
    self.dataSource = self
    self.delegate = self
}

required init?(coder aDecoder: NSCoder) {
    fatalError("init(coder:) has not been implemented")
}

func updateCollectionView() {
    DispatchQueue.main.async {
        self.reloadData()
    }
}

// MARK: CollectionView datasource
func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, numberOfItemsInSection section: Int) -> Int {
    return 20
}
func numberOfSections(in collectionView: UICollectionView) -> Int {
    return 20
}
override func numberOfItems(inSection section: Int) -> Int {
    return 20
}
func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, cellForItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> UICollectionViewCell {

    let column = (indexPath as NSIndexPath).row
    let row = (indexPath as NSIndexPath).section

    if column == 0 {
        let cell : CollectionViewHeadCell = collectionView.dequeueReusableCell(withReuseIdentifier: HeadCellIdentifier, for: indexPath) as! CollectionViewHeadCell

        cell.label.text = "\(row)"

        return cell
    }
    else if row == 0 {
        let cell : CollectionViewHeadCell = collectionView.dequeueReusableCell(withReuseIdentifier: HeadCellIdentifier, for: indexPath) as! CollectionViewHeadCell

        cell.label.text = "\(column)"

        return cell
    }
    else {
        let cell : CollectionViewCell = collectionView.dequeueReusableCell(withReuseIdentifier: CellIdentifier, for: indexPath) as! CollectionViewCell

        cell.label.text = String(format: "%d", arguments: [indexPath.section*indexPath.row])

        return cell
    }
}

// MARK: CollectionView delegate
func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, didSelectItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) {

    let column = (indexPath as NSIndexPath).row
    let row = (indexPath as NSIndexPath).section

    print("\(column)  \(row)")
}
}

Use CollectionView from ViewController:

class ViewController: UIViewController {
let collectionView = CollectionView()

override func viewDidLoad() {
    collectionView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
    self.view.addSubview(collectionView)
    self.view.backgroundColor = UIColor.red

    self.view.addConstraints(NSLayoutConstraint.constraints(withVisualFormat: "H:|[collectionView]|", options: [], metrics: nil, views: ["collectionView": collectionView]))
    self.view.addConstraints(NSLayoutConstraint.constraints(withVisualFormat: "V:|[collectionView]|", options: [], metrics: nil, views: ["collectionView": collectionView]))
}

override func viewDidAppear(_ animated: Bool) {
    super.viewDidAppear(animated)

    collectionView.updateCollectionView()
}
}

Finally you can have fancy CollectionView!

enter image description here

@rd_ 2016-11-02 16:26:55

the problem with taking this solution is your static height and width

@brianLikeApple 2016-11-03 10:03:33

@rd_Custom layout means you can do what ever you want to do! My code is just showing the simplest case......

@Amr Angry 2017-04-19 13:40:02

the perfect solution is to Using UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout but you can easily so calculate the cell width and divided on the wanted number of columns you want

the tricky is to make the width with no fraction

(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout sizeForItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath

{
 CGFloat screenWidth = self.view.frame.size.width;
   CGFloat marginWidth = (screenWidth - collectionView.frame.size.width);


   CGFloat cellWith = (collectionView.frame.size.width - marginWidth )/3;
   cellWith= floorf(cellWith);




  CGSize retval = CGSizeMake(cellWith,cellWith);


  return retval;}

@fraxool 2016-10-17 14:28:09

Here is the working code for Swift 3, to have a two-columns layout :

func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView,
                    layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout,
                    sizeForItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> CGSize {

    let nbCol = 2

    let flowLayout = collectionViewLayout as! UICollectionViewFlowLayout
    let totalSpace = flowLayout.sectionInset.left
        + flowLayout.sectionInset.right
        + (flowLayout.minimumInteritemSpacing * CGFloat(nbCol - 1))
    let size = Int((collectionView.bounds.width - totalSpace) / CGFloat(nbCol))
    return CGSize(width: size, height: size)
}

Feel free to change "nbCol" to your desired number of columns.

@rd_ 2016-11-02 16:25:37

whats wrong with every solution when the insets are (1.0,1.0,1.0,1.0), the layout becomes 1 column in this case!

@Mc.Lover 2017-02-20 15:19:54

Great answer ! ....

@Maksim Kniazev 2017-03-04 05:41:21

@fraxool Great answer, but if I flip device the layout resets... Any fix for that?

@HotJard 2016-06-08 08:51:23

If you are lazy using delegate.

extension UICollectionView {
    func setItemsInRow(items: Int) {
        if let layout = self.collectionViewLayout as? UICollectionViewFlowLayout {
            let contentInset = self.contentInset
            let itemsInRow: CGFloat = CGFloat(items);
            let innerSpace = layout.minimumInteritemSpacing * (itemsInRow - 1.0)
            let insetSpace = contentInset.left + contentInset.right + layout.sectionInset.left + layout.sectionInset.right
            let width = floor((CGRectGetWidth(frame) - insetSpace - innerSpace) / itemsInRow);
            layout.itemSize = CGSizeMake(width, width)
        }
    }
}

PS: Should be called after rotation too

@g212gs 2017-11-06 15:37:20

It works in Swift 4.0 too... after changes last two line: let width = floor((frame.width - insetSpace - innerSpace) / itemsInRow) layout.itemSize = CGSize(width: width, height: width)

@noob 2015-10-17 18:34:41

I implemented UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout on my UICollectionViewController and override the method responsible for determining the size of the Cell. I then took the screen width and divided it with my column requirement. For example, I wanted to have 3 columns on each screen size. So here's what my code looks like -

- (CGSize)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView
                  layout:(UICollectionViewLayout *)collectionViewLayout
  sizeForItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
{
    CGRect screenRect = [[UIScreen mainScreen] bounds];
    CGFloat screenWidth = screenRect.size.width;
    float cellWidth = screenWidth / 3.0; //Replace the divisor with the column count requirement. Make sure to have it in float.
    CGSize size = CGSizeMake(cellWidth, cellWidth);

    return size;
}

@Pradeep Reddy Kypa 2016-07-25 07:13:00

This one works better !!! Thanks..

@noob 2016-07-25 08:41:18

@PradeepReddyKypa you're welcome :-)

@jjxtra 2017-05-06 18:19:44

Much simpler, thank you for the sanity and less code

@Joe 2017-06-20 15:58:10

You should make sure to have item spacing set to 0 to avoid having n-1 highly spaced items per row instead.

@sgib 2016-03-06 12:35:19

Expanding on noob's answer:

func collectionView(collectionView: UICollectionView,
    layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout,
    sizeForItemAtIndexPath indexPath: NSIndexPath) -> CGSize {

        let flowLayout = collectionViewLayout as! UICollectionViewFlowLayout
        let totalSpace = flowLayout.sectionInset.left
            + flowLayout.sectionInset.right
            + (flowLayout.minimumInteritemSpacing * CGFloat(numberOfItemsPerRow - 1))
        let size = Int((collectionView.bounds.width - totalSpace) / CGFloat(numberOfItemsPerRow))
        return CGSize(width: size, height: size)
}

This allows for any spacing between the cells. It assumes an Int member variable called numberOfItemsPerRow and also that all the cells are square and the same size. As noted in jhilgert00's answer we must also react to orientation changes, but now by using viewWillTransitionToSize as willRotateToInterfaceOrientation is depreciated.

@Makalele 2016-12-30 23:52:14

let size = Int((collectionView.bounds.width - totalSpace) / CGFloat(numberOfItemsPerRow)) - you should remove casting to Int, because in some cases it make small spaces between cells

@Swapnil 2013-02-05 10:09:38

Its all about layout you want to draw. You can create custom class inheriting from UICollectionViewFlowLayout. Currently there is not any direct method to set columns. If you want to achieve this kind of functionality you need to do it manually. You need to handle it in your custom flow layout class.

Now question will arise how you will do it? If you dont want to disturb cell frame you can adjust

 collectionView:layout:minimumInteritemSpacingForSectionAtIndex:
 collectionView:layout:minimumLineSpacingForSectionAtIndex:

Another way is provide you own positions of cells. By overriding below two methods, which will get called during your layout formation.

  - (NSArray*)layoutAttributesForElementsInRect:(CGRect)rect
  - (UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes *)layoutAttributesForItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)path

UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes is class which will deal with cell position, frame, Zindex etc

@jhilgert00 2013-02-03 17:38:23

CollectionViews are very powerful, and they come at a price. Lots, and lots of options. As omz said:

there are multiple ways you could change the number of columns

I'd suggest implementing the <UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout> Protocol, giving you access to the following methods in which you can have greater control over the layout of your UICollectionView, without the need for subclassing it:

  • collectionView:layout:insetForSectionAtIndex:
  • collectionView:layout:minimumInteritemSpacingForSectionAtIndex:
  • collectionView:layout:minimumLineSpacingForSectionAtIndex:
  • collectionView:layout:referenceSizeForFooterInSection:
  • collectionView:layout:referenceSizeForHeaderInSection:
  • collectionView:layout:sizeForItemAtIndexPath:

Also, implementing the following method will force your UICollectionView to update it's layout on an orientation change: (say you wanted to re-size the cells for landscape and make them stretch)

-(void)willRotateToInterfaceOrientation:(UIInterfaceOrientation)toInterfaceOrientation
                               duration:(NSTimeInterval)duration{

    [self.myCollectionView.collectionViewLayout invalidateLayout];
}

Additionally, here are 2 really good tutorials on UICollectionViews:

http://www.raywenderlich.com/22324/beginning-uicollectionview-in-ios-6-part-12

http://skeuo.com/uicollectionview-custom-layout-tutorial

@Sharath 2014-10-24 06:44:50

Will this work for all iOS devices? Should collectionView:layout:sizeForItemAtIndexPath: be handled for all devices seperately?

@TheCodingArt 2017-01-02 16:24:49

@Sharath, of course that works for everything. You just need to do your math in a way that's adaptable for all devices ;). Adaptive design.

@user25 2018-02-21 13:07:45

wow so great, but real example? in Android we can do new GridLayoutManager(mContext, 4)) (4 columns), very easy, or just use LinearLayoutManager (it of course has only 1 column)

@omz 2013-02-03 17:18:36

Because UICollectionView is so flexible, there are multiple ways you could change the number of columns, depending on the kind of layout you use.

The UICollectionViewFlowLayout (which is probably what you're working with) doesn't specify a number of columns directly (because it depends on the view size/orientation). The easiest way to change it would be to set the itemSize property and/or minimumInteritemSpacing/minimumLineSpacing.

Related Questions

Sponsored Content

4 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] Why do Objective-C files use the .m extension?

32 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] Can I embed a custom font in an iPhone application?

  • 2008-12-11 20:21:11
  • Airsource Ltd
  • 235258 View
  • 769 Score
  • 32 Answer
  • Tags:   ios cocoa-touch fonts

10 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] Creating a UICollectionView programmatically

26 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] I get conflicting provisioning settings error when I try to archive to submit an iOS app

  • 2016-11-27 00:52:42
  • vanagar
  • 138951 View
  • 266 Score
  • 26 Answer
  • Tags:   ios xcode

1 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] UICollectionView from portrait to landscape

1 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] UICollectionView layout issue on iphone 5

1 Answered Questions

Fixed number of columns in UICollectionView

1 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] uicollectionview crashing rotating iPad fast

1 Answered Questions

0 Answered Questions

Displaying downloaded images in UICollectionView

Sponsored Content