By Benjamin Gruenbaum


2014-02-15 16:05:47 8 Comments

As a node programmer. I'm used to use "nodebacks" for handling errors in my code:

myFn(param, function(err, data) {
    if (err){
        //error handling logic
     }
     else {
        // business logic
    }
});

When writing that function, I can do something like:

var myFn = function(param, callback){
    var calc = doSomeCalculation(param);
    if(calc === null) { // or some other way to detect error
        callback(new Error("error with calculation"), null);
    }
    ...
    someAsyncOp(calcN,function(err, finalResult){
        if(err) return callback(err, null);
        callback(null, finalResult); // the error is null to signal no error
    });

};

How would I do this sort of error handling with promises?

2 comments

@Shaahiin 2019-12-06 17:53:38

If you're using the async/await syntax, you can just use the regular try-catch syntax for error handling.

// your promise function
const myFn = function(param){
  return new Promise(function(resolve, reject){
      if (someLogic()) {
          resolve(someValue);
      } else {
          reject('failure reason');
      }
  });
}

// Define the parent function as an async function
async function outerFn(param) {
    try {
        // Wait for the promise to complete using await
        const result = await myFn(param)
        // business logic with result
    } catch (e) {
        //error handling logic
    }
}

@Benjamin Gruenbaum 2014-02-15 16:05:47

Rule of Thumb

Whenever you have a doubt about how to do something with promises - think about the synchronous version.

try{
   var result = myFn(param);
   // business logic with result
} catch(e) {
    //error handling logic
}

This, at least to me looks a lot cleaner than a callback with a first parameter that is sometimes null.

The promises way is almost always very similar to the synchronous version of the problem:

myFn(param).then(function(result){
    // business logic with result
}).catch(function(e){
    //error handling logic
});

Where myFn would look something like when working with callbacks:

var myFn = function(param){
    return new Promise(function(resolve, reject){
        var calc = doSomeCalculation(param);
        if(calc === null) { // or some other way to detect error
            reject(new Error("error with calculation"), null);
        }
        someAsyncOp(calcN,function(err, finalResult){
            if(err) reject(err);
            resolve(finalResult);
        })
    });
};

Working with callbacks/nodebacks

This is only something you should have to do when working with callbacks, when working with promises it is a lot simpler, and you can do:

var myFn = function(param){
    var calc = doSomeCalculation(param);
    ...
    return someAsyncOp(calcN); // returning a promise.
}

Moreover, when working inside promise chains, you get throw safety:

myFn(param).then(function(calcN){
   // here, you throw to raise an error and return to resolve
   // new Promise should be used only when starting a chain.
}).catch(function(err){
    // handle error
}).then(function(){
   // ready to go again, we're out of the catch
});

Note, some libraries like Bluebird , RSVP and Q offer syntactic sugar and automatic promisification of methods so you rarely have to use new Promise yourself.

Also, consider reading this and that to learn more about promise error handling.

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