I'm studying for my data organization final and I'm going over stacks and heaps because I know they will be on the final and I'm going to need to know the differences. I know what the Stack is and what the Heap is.
But I'm confused on what a stack is and what a heap is.
The Stack is a place in the RAM where memory is stored, if it runs out of space, a stackoverflow occurs. Objects are stored here by default, it reallocates memory when objects go out of scope, and it is faster.
The Heap is a place in the RAM where memory is stored, if it runs out of space, the OS will assign it more. For an object to be stored on the Heap it needs to be told by using the, new, operator, and will only be deallocated if told. fragmentation problems can occur, it is slower then the Stack, and it handles large amounts of memory better.
But what is a stack, and what is a heap? is it the way memory is stored? for example a static array or static vector is a stack type and a dynamic array, linked list a heap type?
Thank you all!