By hhafez


2010-02-28 23:58:49 8 Comments

I am looking for a tool or the algorithm to convert between HSL color to RGB. It seems to me that HSL is not very widely used so I am not having much luck searching for a converter.

19 comments

@Pdroid 2015-03-28 12:09:42

Java implementation of Mohsen's code

Note that all integer are declared as float (i.e 1f) and must be float, else you will optain grey colors.

HSL to RGB

 /**
 * Converts an HSL color value to RGB. Conversion formula
 * adapted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HSL_color_space.
 * Assumes h, s, and l are contained in the set [0, 1] and
 * returns r, g, and b in the set [0, 255].
 *
 * @param h       The hue
 * @param s       The saturation
 * @param l       The lightness
 * @return int array, the RGB representation
 */
public static int[] hslToRgb(float h, float s, float l){
    float r, g, b;

    if (s == 0f) {
        r = g = b = l; // achromatic
    } else {
        float q = l < 0.5f ? l * (1 + s) : l + s - l * s;
        float p = 2 * l - q;
        r = hueToRgb(p, q, h + 1f/3f);
        g = hueToRgb(p, q, h);
        b = hueToRgb(p, q, h - 1f/3f);
    }
    int[] rgb = {to255(r), to255(g), to255(b)};
    return rgb;
}
public static int to255(float v) { return (int)Math.min(255,256*v); }

/** Helper method that converts hue to rgb */
public static float hueToRgb(float p, float q, float t) {
    if (t < 0f)
        t += 1f;
    if (t > 1f)
        t -= 1f;
    if (t < 1f/6f)
        return p + (q - p) * 6f * t;
    if (t < 1f/2f)
        return q;
    if (t < 2f/3f)
        return p + (q - p) * (2f/3f - t) * 6f;
    return p;
}

RGB to HSL

/**
 * Converts an RGB color value to HSL. Conversion formula
 * adapted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HSL_color_space.
 * Assumes pR, pG, and bpBare contained in the set [0, 255] and
 * returns h, s, and l in the set [0, 1].
 *
 * @param pR       The red color value
 * @param pG       The green color value
 * @param pB       The blue color value
 * @return float array, the HSL representation
 */
public static float[] rgbToHsl(int pR, int pG, int pB) {
    float r = pR / 255f;
    float g = pG / 255f;
    float b = pB / 255f;

    float max = (r > g && r > b) ? r : (g > b) ? g : b;
    float min = (r < g && r < b) ? r : (g < b) ? g : b;

    float h, s, l;
    l = (max + min) / 2.0f;

    if (max == min) {
        h = s = 0.0f;
    } else {
        float d = max - min;
        s = (l > 0.5f) ? d / (2.0f - max - min) : d / (max + min);

        if (r > g && r > b)
            h = (g - b) / d + (g < b ? 6.0f : 0.0f);

        else if (g > b)
            h = (b - r) / d + 2.0f;

        else
            h = (r - g) / d + 4.0f;

        h /= 6.0f;
    }

    float[] hsl = {h, s, l};
    return hsl;
}

@Kamil Kiełczewski 2019-01-02 23:49:10

here is simpler algorithm than on wiki: stackoverflow.com/a/54014428/860099

@Adriel Jr 2018-03-22 16:25:34

C++ implementation with probably better performance than @Mohsen code. It uses a [0-6] range for the hue, avoiding the division and multiplication by 6. S and L range is [0,1]

void fromRGBtoHSL(float rgb[], float hsl[])
{
     const float maxRGB = max(rgb[0], max(rgb[1], rgb[2]));
     const float minRGB = min(rgb[0], min(rgb[1], rgb[2]));
     const float delta2 = maxRGB + minRGB;
     hsl[2] = delta2 * 0.5f;

     const float delta = maxRGB - minRGB;
     if (delta < FLT_MIN)
         hsl[0] = hsl[1] = 0.0f;
     else
     {
         hsl[1] = delta / (hsl[2] > 0.5f ? 2.0f - delta2 : delta2);
         if (rgb[0] >= maxRGB)
         {
             hsl[0] = (rgb[1] - rgb[2]) / delta;
             if (hsl[0] < 0.0f)
                 hsl[0] += 6.0f;
         }
         else if (rgb[1] >= maxRGB)
             hsl[0] = 2.0f + (rgb[2] - rgb[0]) / delta;
         else
             hsl[0] = 4.0f + (rgb[0] - rgb[1]) / delta;
     }
}

void fromHSLtoRGB(const float hsl[], float rgb[])
{
    if(hsl[1] < FLT_MIN)
        rgb[0] = rgb[1] = rgb[2] = hsl[2];
    else if(hsl[2] < FLT_MIN)
        rgb[0] = rgb[1] = rgb[2] = 0.0f;
    else
    {
        const float q = hsl[2] < 0.5f ? hsl[2] * (1.0f + hsl[1]) : hsl[2] + hsl[1] - hsl[2] * hsl[1];
        const float p = 2.0f * hsl[2] - q;
        float t[] = {hsl[0] + 2.0f, hsl[0], hsl[0] - 2.0f};

        for(int i=0; i<3; ++i)
        {
            if(t[i] < 0.0f)
                t[i] += 6.0f;
            else if(t[i] > 6.0f)
                t[i] -= 6.0f;

            if(t[i] < 1.0f)
                rgb[i] = p + (q - p) * t[i];
            else if(t[i] < 3.0f)
                rgb[i] = q;
            else if(t[i] < 4.0f)
                rgb[i] = p + (q - p) * (4.0f - t[i]);
            else
                rgb[i] = p;
          }
      }
}

@Mohsen 2012-02-29 03:09:18

Garry Tan posted a Javascript solution on his blog (which he attributes to a now defunct mjijackson.com, but is archived here and the original author has a gist - thanks to user2441511).

The code is re-posted below:

HSL to RGB:

/**
 * Converts an HSL color value to RGB. Conversion formula
 * adapted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HSL_color_space.
 * Assumes h, s, and l are contained in the set [0, 1] and
 * returns r, g, and b in the set [0, 255].
 *
 * @param   {number}  h       The hue
 * @param   {number}  s       The saturation
 * @param   {number}  l       The lightness
 * @return  {Array}           The RGB representation
 */
function hslToRgb(h, s, l){
    var r, g, b;

    if(s == 0){
        r = g = b = l; // achromatic
    }else{
        var hue2rgb = function hue2rgb(p, q, t){
            if(t < 0) t += 1;
            if(t > 1) t -= 1;
            if(t < 1/6) return p + (q - p) * 6 * t;
            if(t < 1/2) return q;
            if(t < 2/3) return p + (q - p) * (2/3 - t) * 6;
            return p;
        }

        var q = l < 0.5 ? l * (1 + s) : l + s - l * s;
        var p = 2 * l - q;
        r = hue2rgb(p, q, h + 1/3);
        g = hue2rgb(p, q, h);
        b = hue2rgb(p, q, h - 1/3);
    }

    return [Math.round(r * 255), Math.round(g * 255), Math.round(b * 255)];
}

RGB to HSL:

/**
 * Converts an RGB color value to HSL. Conversion formula
 * adapted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HSL_color_space.
 * Assumes r, g, and b are contained in the set [0, 255] and
 * returns h, s, and l in the set [0, 1].
 *
 * @param   {number}  r       The red color value
 * @param   {number}  g       The green color value
 * @param   {number}  b       The blue color value
 * @return  {Array}           The HSL representation
 */
function rgbToHsl(r, g, b){
    r /= 255, g /= 255, b /= 255;
    var max = Math.max(r, g, b), min = Math.min(r, g, b);
    var h, s, l = (max + min) / 2;

    if(max == min){
        h = s = 0; // achromatic
    }else{
        var d = max - min;
        s = l > 0.5 ? d / (2 - max - min) : d / (max + min);
        switch(max){
            case r: h = (g - b) / d + (g < b ? 6 : 0); break;
            case g: h = (b - r) / d + 2; break;
            case b: h = (r - g) / d + 4; break;
        }
        h /= 6;
    }

    return [h, s, l];
}

@Gleno 2013-05-17 17:35:59

I love how the comments tell me the range of the variables and what to expect as output. So tidy. Thanks!

@jameshfisher 2013-06-01 18:14:04

if(t < 0) t += 1; if(t > 1) t -= 1; Is there a good reason that is not an else if?

@mpen 2013-09-10 18:15:48

I fixed up a few things and made this into a node module: gist.github.com/mnbayazit/6513318

@Bill 2014-01-14 17:58:35

I'm trying to use this for a project, but my results are only coming out as grayscale. Is this a limitation of HSL<->RGB? The wikipedia article seems to suggest that only a single value is set to all 3 channels.

@zeros-and-ones 2014-05-06 16:52:43

H should be a value 0 - 360. This function is not performing as I was hoping. It looks like its getting the correct SL variables, but H is off.

@DaveWalley 2014-05-10 15:41:10

I love how the author included his assumptions in his comments. Even better would be to format those comments as "assert"s, a la stackoverflow.com/questions/15313418/javascript-assert. For example: assert(0<=h && h<1 ,'Hue range problem.'); would have been helpful.

@Tarulia 2014-06-24 15:02:18

Same issue here, I pass 3 values like hslToRgb(2.7, 0.5, 0.4) and red, green as well as blue get returned as 51. Not quite what I expected :/

@atlaste 2015-07-28 20:32:20

Just did some tests with color charts; RGB -> HSL seems to be incorrect for saturation. F.ex. color FFEEFF will give you an incorrect value. The correct formula is: s = 1 - min / max - see nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/… - you'll find the formula somewhere there

@MaiaVictor 2015-08-01 04:44:08

@DaveWalley I disagree. Huge performance overhead in such a time critical function. Asserts are a bad idea in general. That should be covered by the type system. Not having one, comments is the way to go.

@rbaleksandar 2015-09-07 12:36:43

The hue at the end should be h *= 60 and not h /= 6. If you use the second (with the devision) way of finalizing your hue value you get some crazy angles that don't represent the real deal. I've checked multiple palettes implemented in multiple languages (I'm doing this in C++) and all delivered the same results supporting my statement above.

@rbaleksandar 2015-09-07 12:43:18

Ah, I see that the hue value is supposed to be in the interval [0, 1]. Why this is done I don't know (it most certainly is NOT radians). If whoever is reading this wants to get the angles in degrees use the "patch" I have mentioned in my previous comment.

@Cullub 2015-12-17 23:09:48

For all you who wonder like I did - This is is Javascript.

@marcus erronius 2016-02-12 01:51:15

I'd like to point out that using Math.round introduces small inaccuracies at the low and high ends (values of 0 and 255) of the scale. Values that arent on the ends of the range can round either up or down to reach their value, but values can only be rounded down to 0, or up to 255. This means that the range of values that map to 0 and 255 are exactly half of those for other values. To fix this, use this formula instead: min(floor(val*256),255). This makes the mapping nearly perfect.

@marcus erronius 2016-02-12 02:27:47

Also, if you are getting grayscale values, It's probably because of the lines that use h + 1/3 and h - 1/3. In many languages, this uses integer division, where 1/3 is zero. to get correct results, use float literals instead, ie.: h + 1.0/3.0.

@Hanna 2016-07-11 14:44:47

The RGB to HSL function does not work. Here is an example of it not working: jsfiddle.net/fs5L02k0/2 and here is the function, fixed jsfiddle.net/t5nq6jjc/1 -- Formula adopted from: nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/…

@user2441511 2016-10-17 14:53:05

@Sphinxxx 2018-01-20 03:49:07

@Johannes - Read the description in the code: The returned h, s and l values are all between 0 and 1, so you need to multiply h by 360 in returnUsableColor. Here is your first example, corrected: jsfiddle.net/fs5L02k0/4

@SubJunk 2018-01-20 19:47:15

The hslToRgb function sometimes fails and returns an incorrect value. For example: hslToRgb(161,0.55,0.63) outputs [109,109,109] when it should be [109,213,180] The code at github.com/kayellpeee/hsl_rgb_converter is working well for me instead.

@Sphinxxx 2018-01-23 12:39:29

@SubJunk - Read the description in the code: The input h, s and l values should between 0 and 1. You need to call hslToRgb(0.447 /*161/360*/, 0.55, 0.63).

@SubJunk 2018-01-26 22:52:04

You're right, Sphinxxx. Thanks for the reply

@BobMorane 2018-03-20 00:11:45

I just ported this to C++ and unit-tested it, works very well! However, beware: r = g = b = l; // achromatic. In this expression, l is lowercase L, not one. Lost half an hour with this.

@Ledadu 2018-08-16 11:24:23

**Bad algorithme ! ** - No Modulo on Hue (360°) - No ranged variable (s,l) [0..1] And the Luminisity is totaly not fonctional ! → Great code HERE : hsl2rgb.nichabi.com/javascript-function.php

@Kamil Kiełczewski 2019-01-02 23:34:42

here is simpler algorithm stackoverflow.com/a/54014428/860099

@stoke motor 2017-04-26 02:26:02

An hsl|a color value, set in javascript, will be instantly converted to rgb|a All you need to do then is access the computed style value

document.body.style.color = 'hsla(44, 100%, 50%, 0.8)';

console.log(window.getComputedStyle(document.body).color);

// displays: rgba(255, 187, 0, 0.8)

Technically, I guess, this isn't even any lines of code - it's just done automatically. So, depending on your environment, you might be able to get away with just this. Not that there aren't a lot of very thoughtful responses here. I don't know what your goal is.

Now, what if you want to convert from rbg|a to hsl|a?

@Terra Ashley 2017-02-15 22:41:33

Here's a fast, super-simple, branchless version in GLSL:

vec3 hsl2rgb( vec3 c ) {
    vec3 rgb = clamp(abs(mod(c.x*6.0 + vec3(0.0, 4.0, 2.0), 6.0)-3.0)-1.0, 0.0, 1.0);
    return c.z + c.y * (rgb-0.5)*(1.0-abs(2.0*c.z-1.0));
}

Doesn't get much shorter than that ~


Link to the original proof-of-concept: https://www.shadertoy.com/view/XljGzV

(Disclaimer: not my code!)

@Cullub 2015-12-18 21:06:49

Php Implementation of Chris's C# Code

Also from here, which explains the math of it very well.

This is basically a bunch of functions to convert to and from HSL (Hue Saturation Lightness)

Tested and working on PHP 5.6.15

TL;DR: The full code can be found here on Pastebin.


Hex to HSL

Input: Hex color in format: [#]0f4 or [#]00ff44 (pound sign optional)
Output: HSL in Degrees, Percent, Percent

/**
 * Input: hex color
 * Output: hsl(in ranges from 0-1)
 * 
 * Takes the hex, converts it to RGB, and sends
 * it to RGBToHsl.  Returns the output.
 * 
*/
function hexToHsl($hex) {
    $r = "";
    $g = "";
    $b = "";

    $hex = str_replace('#', '', $hex);

    if (strlen($hex) == 3) {
        $r = substr($hex, 0, 1);
        $r = $r . $r;
        $g = substr($hex, 1, 1);
        $g = $g . $g;
        $b = substr($hex, 2, 1);
        $b = $b . $b;
    } elseif (strlen($hex) == 6) {
        $r = substr($hex, 0, 2);
        $g = substr($hex, 2, 2);
        $b = substr($hex, 4, 2);
    } else {
        return false;
    }

    $r = hexdec($r);
    $g = hexdec($g);
    $b = hexdec($b);

    $hsl =  rgbToHsl($r,$g,$b);
    return $hsl;
}

RGB to HSL

Input: RGB in range 0-255 Output: HSL in Degrees, Percent, Percent.

/**
 * 
 *Credits:
 * https://stackoverflow.com/questions/4793729/rgb-to-hsl-and-back-calculation-problems
 * http://www.niwa.nu/2013/05/math-behind-colorspace-conversions-rgb-hsl/
 *
 * Called by hexToHsl by default.
 *
 * Converts an RGB color value to HSL. Conversion formula
 * adapted from http://www.niwa.nu/2013/05/math-behind-colorspace-conversions-rgb-hsl/.
 * Assumes r, g, and b are contained in the range [0 - 255] and
 * returns h, s, and l in the format Degrees, Percent, Percent.
 *
 * @param   Number  r       The red color value
 * @param   Number  g       The green color value
 * @param   Number  b       The blue color value
 * @return  Array           The HSL representation
*/
function rgbToHsl($r, $g, $b){  
    //For the calculation, rgb needs to be in the range from 0 to 1. To convert, divide by 255 (ff). 
    $r /= 255;
    $g /= 255;
    $b /= 255;

    $myMax = max($r, $g, $b);
    $myMin = min($r, $g, $b);

    $maxAdd = ($myMax + $myMin);
    $maxSub = ($myMax - $myMin);

    //luminence is (max + min)/2
    $h = 0;
    $s = 0;
    $l = ($maxAdd / 2.0);

    //if all the numbers are equal, there is no saturation (greyscale).
    if($myMin != $myMax){
        if ($l < 0.5) {
            $s = ($maxSub / $maxAdd);
        } else {
            $s = (2.0 - $myMax - $myMin); //note order of opperations - can't use $maxSub here
            $s = ($maxSub / $s);
        }

        //find hue
        switch($myMax){
            case $r: 
                $h = ($g - $b);
                $h = ($h / $maxSub);
                break;
            case $g: 
                $h = ($b - $r); 
                $h = ($h / $maxSub);
                $h = ($h + 2.0);
                break;
            case $b: 
                $h = ($r - $g);
                $h = ($h / $maxSub); 
                $h = ($h + 4.0);
                break;
        } 
    }

    $hsl = hslToDegPercPerc($h, $s, $l);
    return $hsl;
}

HSL (0-1 range) to Degrees, Percent, Percent format

For the math calculations, HSL is easier to deal with in the 0-1 range, but for human readability, it's easier in Degrees, Percent, Percent. This function takes HSL in the ranges 0-1, and returns HSL in Degrees, Percent, Percent.

/**
 * Input: HSL in ranges 0-1.
 * Output: HSL in format Deg, Perc, Perc.
 * 
 * Note: rgbToHsl calls this function by default.
 * 
 * Multiplies $h by 60, and $s and $l by 100.
 */
function hslToDegPercPerc($h, $s, $l) {
    //convert h to degrees
    $h *= 60;

    if ($h < 0) {
        $h += 360;
    }

    //convert s and l to percentage
    $s *= 100;
    $l *= 100;

    $hsl['h'] = $h;
    $hsl['s'] = $s;
    $hsl['l'] = $l;
    return $hsl;
}

HSL (Degrees, Percent, Percent format) to HSL in range 0-1

This function converts HSL in the format Degrees, Percent, Percent, to the ranges 0-1 for easier computing.

/**
 * Input: HSL in format Deg, Perc, Perc
 * Output: An array containing HSL in ranges 0-1
 * 
 * Divides $h by 60, and $s and $l by 100.
 * 
 * hslToRgb calls this by default.
*/
function degPercPercToHsl($h, $s, $l) { 
    //convert h, s, and l back to the 0-1 range

    //convert the hue's 360 degrees in a circle to 1
    $h /= 360;

    //convert the saturation and lightness to the 0-1 
    //range by multiplying by 100
    $s /= 100;
    $l /= 100;

    $hsl['h'] =  $h;
    $hsl['s'] = $s;
    $hsl['l'] = $l;

    return $hsl;
}

HSL to RGB

Input: HSL in the format Degrees, Percent, Percent Output: RGB in the format 255, 255, 255.

/**
 * Converts an HSL color value to RGB. Conversion formula
 * adapted from http://www.niwa.nu/2013/05/math-behind-colorspace-conversions-rgb-hsl/.
 * Assumes h, s, and l are in the format Degrees,
 * Percent, Percent, and returns r, g, and b in 
 * the range [0 - 255].
 *
 * Called by hslToHex by default.
 *
 * Calls: 
 *   degPercPercToHsl
 *   hueToRgb
 *
 * @param   Number  h       The hue value
 * @param   Number  s       The saturation level
 * @param   Number  l       The luminence
 * @return  Array           The RGB representation
 */
function hslToRgb($h, $s, $l){
    $hsl = degPercPercToHsl($h, $s, $l);
    $h = $hsl['h'];
    $s = $hsl['s'];
    $l = $hsl['l'];

    //If there's no saturation, the color is a greyscale,
    //so all three RGB values can be set to the lightness.
    //(Hue doesn't matter, because it's grey, not color)
    if ($s == 0) {
        $r = $l * 255;
        $g = $l * 255;
        $b = $l * 255;
    }
    else {
        //calculate some temperary variables to make the 
        //calculation eaisier.
        if ($l < 0.5) {
            $temp2 = $l * (1 + $s);
        } else {
            $temp2 = ($l + $s) - ($s * $l);
        }
        $temp1 = 2 * $l - $temp2;

        //run the calculated vars through hueToRgb to
        //calculate the RGB value.  Note that for the Red
        //value, we add a third (120 degrees), to adjust 
        //the hue to the correct section of the circle for
        //red.  Simalarly, for blue, we subtract 1/3.
        $r = 255 * hueToRgb($temp1, $temp2, $h + (1 / 3));
        $g = 255 * hueToRgb($temp1, $temp2, $h);
        $b = 255 * hueToRgb($temp1, $temp2, $h - (1 / 3));
    }

    $rgb['r'] = $r;
    $rgb['g'] = $g;
    $rgb['b'] = $b;

    return $rgb;
}

Hue to RGB

This function is called by hslToRgb to convert the hue into the separate RGB values.

/**
 * Converts an HSL hue to it's RGB value.  
 *
 * Input: $temp1 and $temp2 - temperary vars based on 
 * whether the lumanence is less than 0.5, and 
 * calculated using the saturation and luminence
 * values.
 *  $hue - the hue (to be converted to an RGB 
 * value)  For red, add 1/3 to the hue, green 
 * leave it alone, and blue you subtract 1/3 
 * from the hue.
 *
 * Output: One RGB value.
 *
 * Thanks to Easy RGB for this function (Hue_2_RGB).
 * http://www.easyrgb.com/index.php?X=MATH&$h=19#text19
 *
*/
function hueToRgb($temp1, $temp2, $hue) {
    if ($hue < 0) { 
        $hue += 1;
    }
    if ($hue > 1) {
        $hue -= 1;
    }

    if ((6 * $hue) < 1 ) {
        return ($temp1 + ($temp2 - $temp1) * 6 * $hue);
    } elseif ((2 * $hue) < 1 ) {
        return $temp2;
    } elseif ((3 * $hue) < 2 ) {
        return ($temp1 + ($temp2 - $temp1) * ((2 / 3) - $hue) * 6);
    }
    return $temp1;
}

HSL to Hex

Input: HSL in format Degrees, Percent, Percent Output: Hex in format 00ff22 (no pound sign).

Converts to RGB, then converts separately to hex.

/**
 * Converts HSL to Hex by converting it to 
 * RGB, then converting that to hex.
 * 
 * string hslToHex($h, $s, $l[, $prependPound = true]
 * 
 * $h is the Degrees value of the Hue
 * $s is the Percentage value of the Saturation
 * $l is the Percentage value of the Lightness
 * $prependPound is a bool, whether you want a pound 
 *  sign prepended. (optional - default=true)
 *
 * Calls: 
 *   hslToRgb
 *
 * Output: Hex in the format: #00ff88 (with 
 * pound sign).  Rounded to the nearest whole
 * number.
*/
function hslToHex($h, $s, $l, $prependPound = true) {
    //convert hsl to rgb
    $rgb = hslToRgb($h,$s,$l);

    //convert rgb to hex
    $hexR = $rgb['r'];
    $hexG = $rgb['g'];
    $hexB = $rgb['b'];

    //round to the nearest whole number
    $hexR = round($hexR);
    $hexG = round($hexG);
    $hexB = round($hexB);

    //convert to hex
    $hexR = dechex($hexR);
    $hexG = dechex($hexG);
    $hexB = dechex($hexB);

    //check for a non-two string length
    //if it's 1, we can just prepend a
    //0, but if it is anything else non-2,
    //it must return false, as we don't 
    //know what format it is in.
    if (strlen($hexR) != 2) {
        if (strlen($hexR) == 1) {
            //probably in format #0f4, etc.
            $hexR = "0" . $hexR;
        } else {
            //unknown format
            return false;
        }
    }
    if (strlen($hexG) != 2) {
        if (strlen($hexG) == 1) {
            $hexG = "0" . $hexG;
        } else {
            return false;
        }
    }
    if (strlen($hexB) != 2) {
        if (strlen($hexB) == 1) {
            $hexB = "0" . $hexB;
        } else {
            return false;
        }
    }

    //if prependPound is set, will prepend a
    //# sign to the beginning of the hex code.
    //(default = true)
    $hex = "";
    if ($prependPound) {
        $hex = "#";
    }

    $hex = $hex . $hexR . $hexG . $hexB;

    return $hex;
}

@Lex 2016-12-18 02:57:19

I made an edit to rgbToHsl, you may want to update your php code. There was/is a bug in the code. In rgbToHsl() s = maxSub / (2 - maxSub) should be s = maxSub / (2 - maxAdd)

@Cullub 2016-12-19 17:10:07

@Lex According to here and here, my code actually is correct. I think you might be confusing the if l < 0.5 with the else. Could you explain your thinking? Thanks for taking the time to give feedback though!

@Lex 2016-12-20 23:39:26

sorry, you're right, but there is still an order of operations issue. #8cd08c to HSL using this calc (2 - maxSub) = 1.7333333333333334 when it should be as in the second link example ( 2 - max - min ) = 0.6352941176470588. Using 2 - maxAdd got me consistently closer to photoshops output so I assumed it was correct.

@Cullub 2016-12-21 17:10:39

Oh, ok. Thanks for pointing that out! I fixed it now. Hope this is helpful!

@Lex 2016-12-21 21:01:31

Its really helpful, I've been in the process of converting it to JS github.com/bambii7/glow

@Cullub 2016-12-21 21:13:42

Awesome! Be sure to post an answer here when you're done! For pseudo code for some of the conversions, you can check out my second link in the comment.

@Kamil Kiełczewski 2019-01-02 23:49:32

here is simpler algorithm than on wiki for hsl2rgb: stackoverflow.com/a/54014428/860099

@Swiss Mister 2016-11-08 15:21:46

PHP implementation of @Mohsen's code (including Test!)

Sorry to re-post this. But I really haven't seen any other implementation that gives the quality I needed.

/**
 * Converts an HSL color value to RGB. Conversion formula
 * adapted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HSL_color_space.
 * Assumes h, s, and l are contained in the set [0, 1] and
 * returns r, g, and b in the set [0, 255].
 *
 * @param   {number}  h       The hue
 * @param   {number}  s       The saturation
 * @param   {number}  l       The lightness
 * @return  {Array}           The RGB representation
 */

function hue2rgb($p, $q, $t){
            if($t < 0) $t += 1;
            if($t > 1) $t -= 1;
            if($t < 1/6) return $p + ($q - $p) * 6 * $t;
            if($t < 1/2) return $q;
            if($t < 2/3) return $p + ($q - $p) * (2/3 - $t) * 6;
            return $p;
        }
function hslToRgb($h, $s, $l){
    if($s == 0){
        $r = $l;
        $g = $l;
        $b = $l; // achromatic
    }else{
        $q = $l < 0.5 ? $l * (1 + $s) : $l + $s - $l * $s;
        $p = 2 * $l - $q;
        $r = hue2rgb($p, $q, $h + 1/3);
        $g = hue2rgb($p, $q, $h);
        $b = hue2rgb($p, $q, $h - 1/3);
    }

    return array(round($r * 255), round($g * 255), round($b * 255));
}

/* Uncomment to test * /
for ($i=0;$i<360;$i++) {
  $rgb=hslToRgb($i/360, 1, .9);
  echo '<div style="background-color:rgb(' .$rgb[0] . ', ' . $rgb[1] . ', ' . $rgb[2] . ');padding:2px;"></div>';
}
/* End Test */

@ernbrn 2016-09-20 17:23:28

I got this from Brandon Mathis' HSL Picker source code.

It was originally written in CoffeeScript. I converted it to JavaScript using an online converter, and took out the mechanism to verify the user input was a valid RGB value. This answer worked for my usecase, as the most up-voted answer on this post I found to not produce a valid HSL value.

Note that it returns an hsla value, with a representing opacity/transparency. 0 is completely transparent, and 1 fully opaque.

function rgbToHsl(rgb) {
  var a, add, b, diff, g, h, hue, l, lum, max, min, r, s, sat;
  r = parseFloat(rgb[0]) / 255;
  g = parseFloat(rgb[1]) / 255;
  b = parseFloat(rgb[2]) / 255;
  max = Math.max(r, g, b);
  min = Math.min(r, g, b);
  diff = max - min;
  add = max + min;
  hue = min === max ? 0 : r === max ? ((60 * (g - b) / diff) + 360) % 360 : g === max ? (60 * (b - r) / diff) + 120 : (60 * (r - g) / diff) + 240;
  lum = 0.5 * add;
  sat = lum === 0 ? 0 : lum === 1 ? 1 : lum <= 0.5 ? diff / add : diff / (2 - add);
  h = Math.round(hue);
  s = Math.round(sat * 100);
  l = Math.round(lum * 100);
  a = parseFloat(rgb[3]) || 1;
  return [h, s, l, a];
}

@JayJay123 2019-03-27 03:20:49

I used this as a basis for a Python method. Thanks.

@0x000f 2016-01-22 11:51:51

For all who said that Garry Tan solution converting incorrect from RGB to HSL and back. It because he left out fraction part of number in his code. I corrected his code (javascript). Sorry for link on russian languadge, but on english absent - HSL-wiki

function toHsl(r, g, b)
{
    r /= 255.0;
    g /= 255.0;
    b /= 255.0;
    var max = Math.max(r, g, b);
    var min = Math.min(r, g, b);
    var h, s, l = (max + min) / 2.0;

    if(max == min)
    {
        h = s = 0; 
    }
    else
    {
        var d = max - min;
        s = (l > 0.5 ? d / (2.0 - max - min) : d / (max + min));

        if(max == r && g >= b)
        {
            h = 1.0472 * (g - b) / d ;
        }
        else if(max == r && g < b)
        {
            h = 1.0472 * (g - b) / d + 6.2832;
        }
        else if(max == g)
        {
            h = 1.0472 * (b - r) / d + 2.0944;
        }
        else if(max == b)
        {
            h = 1.0472 * (r - g) / d + 4.1888;
        }
    }
    return {
        str: 'hsl(' + parseInt(h / 6.2832 * 360.0 + 0.5) + ',' + parseInt(s * 100.0 + 0.5) + '%,' + parseInt(l * 100.0 + 0.5) + '%)',
        obj: { h: parseInt(h / 6.2832 * 360.0 + 0.5), s: parseInt(s * 100.0 + 0.5), l: parseInt(l * 100.0 + 0.5) }
    };
};

@BjarkeCK 2015-11-12 22:12:21

I needed a really light weight one, Its not 100%, but it gets close enough for some usecases.

float3 Hue(float h, float s, float l)
{
    float r = max(cos(h * 2 * UNITY_PI) * 0.5 + 0.5, 0);
    float g = max(cos((h + 0.666666) * 2 * UNITY_PI) * 0.5 + 0.5, 0);
    float b = max(cos((h + 0.333333) * 2 * UNITY_PI) * 0.5 + 0.5, 0);
    float gray = 0.2989 * r + 0.5870 * g + 0.1140 * b;
    return lerp(gray, float3(r, g, b), s) * smoothstep(0, 0.5, l) + 1 * smoothstep(0.5, 1, l);
}

@Otto Allmendinger 2010-03-01 00:03:58

The article for HSL and HSV on wikipedia contains some formulas. The calculations are a bit tricky, so it might be useful to take a look at existing implementations.

@peppydip 2012-10-08 21:36:37

+1 Great answer. The link was exactly what I was looking for. The accepted answer seems only useful for python.

@Kamil Kiełczewski 2019-01-02 23:35:58

here is simpler algorithm than on wiki stackoverflow.com/a/54014428/860099

@James Allen 2015-10-13 23:02:37

Unity3D C# Code from Mohsen's answer.

Here is the code from Mohsen's answer in C# targeted specifically for Unity3D. It was adapted from the C# answer given by Alec Thilenius above.

using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections;

public class ColorTools {

    /// <summary>
    /// Converts an HSL color value to RGB.
    /// Input: Vector4 ( X: [0.0, 1.0], Y: [0.0, 1.0], Z: [0.0, 1.0], W: [0.0, 1.0] )**strong text**
    /// Output: Color ( R: [0.0, 1.0], G: [0.0, 1.0], B: [0.0, 1.0], A: [0.0, 1.0] )
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="hsl">Vector4 defining X = h, Y = s, Z = l, W = a. Ranges [0, 1.0]</param>
    /// <returns>RGBA Color. Ranges [0.0, 1.0]</returns>
    public static Color HslToRgba(Vector4 hsl)
    {
        float r, g, b;

        if (hsl.y == 0.0f)
            r = g = b = hsl.z;
        else
        {
            var q = hsl.z < 0.5f ? hsl.z * (1.0f + hsl.y) : hsl.z + hsl.y - hsl.z * hsl.y;
            var p = 2.0f * hsl.z - q;
            r = HueToRgb(p, q, hsl.x + 1.0f / 3.0f);
            g = HueToRgb(p, q, hsl.x);
            b = HueToRgb(p, q, hsl.x - 1.0f / 3.0f);
        }

        return new Color(r, g, b, hsl.w);
    }

    // Helper for HslToRgba
    private static float HueToRgb(float p, float q, float t)
    {
        if (t < 0.0f) t += 1.0f;
        if (t > 1.0f) t -= 1.0f;
        if (t < 1.0f / 6.0f) return p + (q - p) * 6.0f * t;
        if (t < 1.0f / 2.0f) return q;
        if (t < 2.0f / 3.0f) return p + (q - p) * (2.0f / 3.0f - t) * 6.0f;
        return p;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Converts an RGB color value to HSL.
    /// Input: Color ( R: [0.0, 1.0], G: [0.0, 1.0], B: [0.0, 1.0], A: [0.0, 1.0] )
    /// Output: Vector4 ( X: [0.0, 1.0], Y: [0.0, 1.0], Z: [0.0, 1.0], W: [0.0, 1.0] )
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="rgba"></param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public static Vector4 RgbaToHsl(Color rgba)
    {

        float max = (rgba.r > rgba.g && rgba.r > rgba.b) ? rgba.r : 
            (rgba.g > rgba.b) ? rgba.g : rgba.b;
        float min = (rgba.r < rgba.g && rgba.r < rgba.b) ? rgba.r : 
            (rgba.g < rgba.b) ? rgba.g : rgba.b;

        float h, s, l;
        h = s = l = (max + min) / 2.0f;

        if (max == min)
            h = s = 0.0f;
        else
        {
            float d = max - min;
            s = (l > 0.5f) ? d / (2.0f - max - min) : d / (max + min);

            if (rgba.r > rgba.g && rgba.r > rgba.b)
                h = (rgba.g - rgba.b) / d + (rgba.g < rgba.b ? 6.0f : 0.0f);

            else if (rgba.g > rgba.b)
                h = (rgba.b - rgba.r) / d + 2.0f;

            else
                h = (rgba.r - rgba.g) / d + 4.0f;

            h /= 6.0f;
        }

        return new Vector4(h, s, l, rgba.a);
    }

}

@zeros-and-ones 2014-05-06 18:38:30

Here is the modified javascript function, it outputs Hue in set 0-360 degrees.

function rgbToHsl(r, g, b) {
      r /= 255, g /= 255, b /= 255;
      var max = Math.max(r, g, b), min = Math.min(r, g, b);
      var h, s, l = (max + min) / 2;

      if(max == min){
          h = s = 0; // achromatic
      } else {
          var d = max - min;
          s = l > 0.5 ? d / (2 - max - min) : d / (max + min);
          switch(max){
              case r: h = (g - b) / d ; break;
              case g: h = 2 + ( (b - r) / d); break;
              case b: h = 4 + ( (r - g) / d); break;
          }
          h*=60;
          if (h < 0) h +=360;
      }
     return([h, s, l]);
  }  
alert(rgbToHsl(125,115,145));

@Ken Jinks 2014-04-22 13:14:34

This is how I do it which is easy to remember is to think of RGB as three spokes on a wheel, 120 degrees apart.

H = hue (0-360)
S = saturation (0-1)
L = luminance (0-1)

R1 = SIN( H ) * L 
G1 = SIN( H + 120 ) * L 
B1 = SIN( H + 240 ) * L 

The tricky part is saturation, which is to a scale down to the average of those three.

AVERAGE = (R1 + G1 + B1) / 3 

R2 = ((R1 - AVERAGE) * S) + AVERAGE 
G2 = ((G1 - AVERAGE) * S) + AVERAGE 
B2 = ((B1 - AVERAGE) * S) + AVERAGE 

RED = R2 * 255 
GREEN = G2 * 255 
BLUE = B2 * 255 

@JoelFan 2016-05-06 14:36:36

This should be the accepted answer... much simpler and more intuitive! Can you reverse the algorithm?

@MarianD 2016-12-31 23:07:54

@JoelFan - It is simple but not correct. There is no way for pure rational expressions (with only +, -, *, and /) - as are used by definition for color conversions - to express them with the help of the sine functions with the same independent (input) variables. In spite of this it is nice for understanding the principle (but not for perform conversions).

@Kamil Kiełczewski 2018-12-29 14:24:24

The problem with this solution is that AVERAGE is allways equal ZERO: (R1 + G1 + B1) = L*[ SIN(H) + SIN(H+120) + SIN(H+240) ] - and now if we use formula sin(a)+sin(b) = 2*sin((a+b)/2)*cos((a-b)/2) for first two sin we get: AVERAGE=L*( sin(h+60) + sin(h+240) ) and again AVERAGE= L*2*sin(h+150)*cos(-180/2) = 0 (since cos(-180/2)=cos(90)=0). So calculation for saturation is wrong and in fact saturation works here as luminance.

@Kamil Kiełczewski 2019-01-02 13:32:55

@JoelFan The second problem with this solution is that we need to add 180 degree to H to have "compatible" version with en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HSL_and_HSV#Converting_to_RGB (test case: red color for H=0) but also it is still problem with number of colors - in above solution the yellow, magenta and cyan colors are ommit and/or mapped in wrong way. There is js fiddle with comparision: jsfiddle.net/Lamik/9s24uc1o/10

@Erik 2013-12-10 23:18:03

For when you need RGB to HSV and vice versa instead:

function rgbToHsv(r, g, b)
{
    r /= 255, g /= 255, b /= 255;

    var min = Math.min(r, g, b),
    max = Math.max(r, g, b),
    delta = max - min,
    h = 0, s = 0, v = max;

    if (min != max)
    {
        s = (delta / max);

        switch (max)
        {
            case r: h = (g - b) / delta + (g < b ? 6 : 0); break;
            case g: h = (b - r) / delta + 2; break;
            case b: h = (r - g) / delta + 4; break;
        }

        h /= 6;
    }

    return [h, s, v];
}

function hsvToRgb(h, s, v)
{
    var step = h / (1 / 6),
    pos = step - Math.floor(step), // the hue position within the current step
    m = (Math.floor(step) % 2) ? (1 - pos) * v : pos * v, // mix color value adjusted to the brightness(v)
    max = 1 * v,
    min = (1 - s) * v,
    med = m + ((1 - s) * (v - m)),
    r, g, b;

    switch (Math.floor(step))
    {
        case 0:
            r = max;
            g = med;
            b = min;
            break;
        case 1:
            r = med;
            g = max;
            b = min;
            break;
        case 2:
            r = min;
            g = max;
            b = med;
            break;
        case 3:
            r = min;
            g = med;
            b = max;
            break;
        case 4:
            r = med;
            g = min;
            b = max;
            break;
        case 5:
            r = max;
            g = min;
            b = med;
            break;
    }

    return [Math.round(r * 255), Math.round(g * 255), Math.round(b * 255)];
}

@Alec Thilenius 2013-10-12 20:04:22

C# Code from Mohsen's answer.

Here is the code from Mohsen's answer in C# if anyone else wants it. Note: Color is a custom class and Vector4 is from OpenTK. Both are easy to replace with something else of your choosing.

Hsl To Rgba

/// <summary>
/// Converts an HSL color value to RGB.
/// Input: Vector4 ( X: [0.0, 1.0], Y: [0.0, 1.0], Z: [0.0, 1.0], W: [0.0, 1.0] )
/// Output: Color ( R: [0, 255], G: [0, 255], B: [0, 255], A: [0, 255] )
/// </summary>
/// <param name="hsl">Vector4 defining X = h, Y = s, Z = l, W = a. Ranges [0, 1.0]</param>
/// <returns>RGBA Color. Ranges [0, 255]</returns>
public static Color HslToRgba(Vector4 hsl)
{
    float r, g, b;

    if (hsl.Y == 0.0f)
        r = g = b = hsl.Z;

    else
    {
        var q = hsl.Z < 0.5f ? hsl.Z * (1.0f + hsl.Y) : hsl.Z + hsl.Y - hsl.Z * hsl.Y;
        var p = 2.0f * hsl.Z - q;
        r = HueToRgb(p, q, hsl.X + 1.0f / 3.0f);
        g = HueToRgb(p, q, hsl.X);
        b = HueToRgb(p, q, hsl.X - 1.0f / 3.0f);
    }

    return new Color((int)(r * 255), (int)(g * 255), (int)(b * 255), (int)(hsl.W * 255));
}

// Helper for HslToRgba
private static float HueToRgb(float p, float q, float t)
{
    if (t < 0.0f) t += 1.0f;
    if (t > 1.0f) t -= 1.0f;
    if (t < 1.0f / 6.0f) return p + (q - p) * 6.0f * t;
    if (t < 1.0f / 2.0f) return q;
    if (t < 2.0f / 3.0f) return p + (q - p) * (2.0f / 3.0f - t) * 6.0f;
    return p;
}

Rgba To Hsl

/// <summary>
/// Converts an RGB color value to HSL.
/// Input: Color ( R: [0, 255], G: [0, 255], B: [0, 255], A: [0, 255] )
/// Output: Vector4 ( X: [0.0, 1.0], Y: [0.0, 1.0], Z: [0.0, 1.0], W: [0.0, 1.0] )
/// </summary>
/// <param name="rgba"></param>
/// <returns></returns>
public static Vector4 RgbaToHsl(Color rgba)
{
    float r = rgba.R / 255.0f;
    float g = rgba.G / 255.0f;
    float b = rgba.B / 255.0f;

    float max = (r > g && r > b) ? r : (g > b) ? g : b;
    float min = (r < g && r < b) ? r : (g < b) ? g : b;

    float h, s, l;
    h = s = l = (max + min) / 2.0f;

    if (max == min)
        h = s = 0.0f;

    else
    {
        float d = max - min;
        s = (l > 0.5f) ? d / (2.0f - max - min) : d / (max + min);

        if (r > g && r > b)
            h = (g - b) / d + (g < b ? 6.0f : 0.0f);

        else if (g > b)
            h = (b - r) / d + 2.0f;

        else
            h = (r - g) / d + 4.0f;

        h /= 6.0f;
    }

    return new Vector4(h, s, l, rgba.A / 255.0f);
}

@Kamil Kiełczewski 2019-01-02 23:50:03

here is simpler algorithm than on wiki: stackoverflow.com/a/54014428/860099

@jameshfisher 2013-06-08 17:27:49

If you're looking for something that definitely conforms with the CSS semantics for HSL and RGB, you could use the algorithm specified in the CSS 3 specification, which reads:

HOW TO RETURN hsl.to.rgb(h, s, l): 
   SELECT: 
      l<=0.5: PUT l*(s+1) IN m2
      ELSE: PUT l+s-l*s IN m2
   PUT l*2-m2 IN m1
   PUT hue.to.rgb(m1, m2, h+1/3) IN r
   PUT hue.to.rgb(m1, m2, h    ) IN g
   PUT hue.to.rgb(m1, m2, h-1/3) IN b
   RETURN (r, g, b)

HOW TO RETURN hue.to.rgb(m1, m2, h): 
   IF h<0: PUT h+1 IN h
   IF h>1: PUT h-1 IN h
   IF h*6<1: RETURN m1+(m2-m1)*h*6
   IF h*2<1: RETURN m2
   IF h*3<2: RETURN m1+(m2-m1)*(2/3-h)*6
   RETURN m1

I believe this is the source for some of the other answers here.

@Kamil Kiełczewski 2019-01-02 23:51:08

here is simpler algorithm stackoverflow.com/a/54014428/860099

@sboisse 2013-04-01 19:54:13

With H, S,and L in [0,1] range:

ConvertHslToRgb: function (iHsl)
{
    var min, sv, sextant, fract, vsf;

    var v = (iHsl.l <= 0.5) ? (iHsl.l * (1 + iHsl.s)) : (iHsl.l + iHsl.s - iHsl.l * iHsl.s);
    if (v === 0)
        return { Red: 0, Green: 0, Blue: 0 };

    min = 2 * iHsl.l - v;
    sv = (v - min) / v;
    var h = (6 * iHsl.h) % 6;
    sextant = Math.floor(h);
    fract = h - sextant;
    vsf = v * sv * fract;

    switch (sextant)
    {
        case 0: return { r: v, g: min + vsf, b: min };
        case 1: return { r: v - vsf, g: v, b: min };
        case 2: return { r: min, g: v, b: min + vsf };
        case 3: return { r: min, g: v - vsf, b: v };
        case 4: return { r: min + vsf, g: min, b: v };
        case 5: return { r: v, g: min, b: v - vsf };
    }
}

@hhafez 2010-03-01 00:20:05

Found the easiest way, python to the rescue :D

colorsys.hls_to_rgb(h, l, s)

Convert the color from HLS coordinates to RGB coordinates.

@Ray 2012-09-22 15:29:38

I cannot believe there is such a standard module in Python! This really rescues me. I've been struggled with the convertion algorithm in Wikipedia's HSL entry for 2 hours. Seems that algorithm can not get right output.

@xxjjnn 2016-04-18 11:40:12

Ruby equivalent: rubydoc.info/gems/color/1.8/Color/RGB e.g. Color::HSL.new(40,50,60).to_rgb

@EvertW 2016-08-10 17:30:20

I use brython to get a color picker in the browser, this is just what I needed!

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