By Thang Pham


2010-03-11 04:07:32 8 Comments

How can I upload files to server using JSP/Servlet? I tried this:

<form action="upload" method="post">
    <input type="text" name="description" />
    <input type="file" name="file" />
    <input type="submit" />
</form>

However, I only get the file name, not the file content. When I add enctype="multipart/form-data" to the <form>, then request.getParameter() returns null.

During research I stumbled upon Apache Common FileUpload. I tried this:

FileItemFactory factory = new DiskFileItemFactory();
ServletFileUpload upload = new ServletFileUpload(factory);
List items = upload.parseRequest(request); // This line is where it died.

Unfortunately, the servlet threw an exception without a clear message and cause. Here is the stacktrace:

SEVERE: Servlet.service() for servlet UploadServlet threw exception
javax.servlet.ServletException: Servlet execution threw an exception
    at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:313)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:233)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:191)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:127)
    at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:102)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:109)
    at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:298)
    at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.process(Http11Processor.java:852)
    at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Protocol$Http11ConnectionHandler.process(Http11Protocol.java:588)
    at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$Worker.run(JIoEndpoint.java:489)
    at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:637)

12 comments

@Mahender Reddy Yasa 2015-03-23 12:37:19

DiskFileUpload upload=new DiskFileUpload();

From this object you have to get file items and fields then yo can store into server like followed:

String loc="./webapps/prjct name/server folder/"+contentid+extension;
File uploadFile=new File(loc);
item.write(uploadFile);

@BalusC 2010-03-11 12:27:05

Introduction

To browse and select a file for upload you need a HTML <input type="file"> field in the form. As stated in the HTML specification you have to use the POST method and the enctype attribute of the form has to be set to "multipart/form-data".

<form action="upload" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
    <input type="text" name="description" />
    <input type="file" name="file" />
    <input type="submit" />
</form>

After submitting such a form, the binary multipart form data is available in the request body in a different format than when the enctype isn't set.

Before Servlet 3.0, the Servlet API didn't natively support multipart/form-data. It supports only the default form enctype of application/x-www-form-urlencoded. The request.getParameter() and consorts would all return null when using multipart form data. This is where the well known Apache Commons FileUpload came into the picture.

Don't manually parse it!

You can in theory parse the request body yourself based on ServletRequest#getInputStream(). However, this is a precise and tedious work which requires precise knowledge of RFC2388. You shouldn't try to do this on your own or copypaste some homegrown library-less code found elsewhere on the Internet. Many online sources have failed hard in this, such as roseindia.net. See also uploading of pdf file. You should rather use a real library which is used (and implicitly tested!) by millions of users for years. Such a library has proven its robustness.

When you're already on Servlet 3.0 or newer, use native API

If you're using at least Servlet 3.0 (Tomcat 7, Jetty 9, JBoss AS 6, GlassFish 3, etc), then you can just use standard API provided HttpServletRequest#getPart() to collect the individual multipart form data items (most Servlet 3.0 implementations actually use Apache Commons FileUpload under the covers for this!). Also, normal form fields are available by getParameter() the usual way.

First annotate your servlet with @MultipartConfig in order to let it recognize and support multipart/form-data requests and thus get getPart() to work:

@WebServlet("/upload")
@MultipartConfig
public class UploadServlet extends HttpServlet {
    // ...
}

Then, implement its doPost() as follows:

protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
    String description = request.getParameter("description"); // Retrieves <input type="text" name="description">
    Part filePart = request.getPart("file"); // Retrieves <input type="file" name="file">
    String fileName = Paths.get(filePart.getSubmittedFileName()).getFileName().toString(); // MSIE fix.
    InputStream fileContent = filePart.getInputStream();
    // ... (do your job here)
}

Note the Path#getFileName(). This is a MSIE fix as to obtaining the file name. This browser incorrectly sends the full file path along the name instead of only the file name.

In case you have a <input type="file" name="file" multiple="true" /> for multi-file upload, collect them as below (unfortunately there is no such method as request.getParts("file")):

protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
    // ...
    List<Part> fileParts = request.getParts().stream().filter(part -> "file".equals(part.getName())).collect(Collectors.toList()); // Retrieves <input type="file" name="file" multiple="true">

    for (Part filePart : fileParts) {
        String fileName = Paths.get(filePart.getSubmittedFileName()).getFileName().toString(); // MSIE fix.
        InputStream fileContent = filePart.getInputStream();
        // ... (do your job here)
    }
}

When you're not on Servlet 3.1 yet, manually get submitted file name

Note that Part#getSubmittedFileName() was introduced in Servlet 3.1 (Tomcat 8, Jetty 9, WildFly 8, GlassFish 4, etc). If you're not on Servlet 3.1 yet, then you need an additional utility method to obtain the submitted file name.

private static String getSubmittedFileName(Part part) {
    for (String cd : part.getHeader("content-disposition").split(";")) {
        if (cd.trim().startsWith("filename")) {
            String fileName = cd.substring(cd.indexOf('=') + 1).trim().replace("\"", "");
            return fileName.substring(fileName.lastIndexOf('/') + 1).substring(fileName.lastIndexOf('\\') + 1); // MSIE fix.
        }
    }
    return null;
}
String fileName = getSubmittedFileName(filePart);

Note the MSIE fix as to obtaining the file name. This browser incorrectly sends the full file path along the name instead of only the file name.

When you're not on Servlet 3.0 yet, use Apache Commons FileUpload

If you're not on Servlet 3.0 yet (isn't it about time to upgrade?), the common practice is to make use of Apache Commons FileUpload to parse the multpart form data requests. It has an excellent User Guide and FAQ (carefully go through both). There's also the O'Reilly ("cos") MultipartRequest, but it has some (minor) bugs and isn't actively maintained anymore for years. I wouldn't recommend using it. Apache Commons FileUpload is still actively maintained and currently very mature.

In order to use Apache Commons FileUpload, you need to have at least the following files in your webapp's /WEB-INF/lib:

Your initial attempt failed most likely because you forgot the commons IO.

Here's a kickoff example how the doPost() of your UploadServlet may look like when using Apache Commons FileUpload:

protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
    try {
        List<FileItem> items = new ServletFileUpload(new DiskFileItemFactory()).parseRequest(request);
        for (FileItem item : items) {
            if (item.isFormField()) {
                // Process regular form field (input type="text|radio|checkbox|etc", select, etc).
                String fieldName = item.getFieldName();
                String fieldValue = item.getString();
                // ... (do your job here)
            } else {
                // Process form file field (input type="file").
                String fieldName = item.getFieldName();
                String fileName = FilenameUtils.getName(item.getName());
                InputStream fileContent = item.getInputStream();
                // ... (do your job here)
            }
        }
    } catch (FileUploadException e) {
        throw new ServletException("Cannot parse multipart request.", e);
    }

    // ...
}

It's very important that you don't call getParameter(), getParameterMap(), getParameterValues(), getInputStream(), getReader(), etc on the same request beforehand. Otherwise the servlet container will read and parse the request body and thus Apache Commons FileUpload will get an empty request body. See also a.o. ServletFileUpload#parseRequest(request) returns an empty list.

Note the FilenameUtils#getName(). This is a MSIE fix as to obtaining the file name. This browser incorrectly sends the full file path along the name instead of only the file name.

Alternatively you can also wrap this all in a Filter which parses it all automagically and put the stuff back in the parametermap of the request so that you can continue using request.getParameter() the usual way and retrieve the uploaded file by request.getAttribute(). You can find an example in this blog article.

Workaround for GlassFish3 bug of getParameter() still returning null

Note that Glassfish versions older than 3.1.2 had a bug wherein the getParameter() still returns null. If you are targeting such a container and can't upgrade it, then you need to extract the value from getPart() with help of this utility method:

private static String getValue(Part part) throws IOException {
    BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(part.getInputStream(), "UTF-8"));
    StringBuilder value = new StringBuilder();
    char[] buffer = new char[1024];
    for (int length = 0; (length = reader.read(buffer)) > 0;) {
        value.append(buffer, 0, length);
    }
    return value.toString();
}
String description = getValue(request.getPart("description")); // Retrieves <input type="text" name="description">

Saving uploaded file (don't use getRealPath() nor part.write()!)

Head to the following answers for detail on properly saving the obtained InputStream (the fileContent variable as shown in the above code snippets) to disk or database:

Serving uploaded file

Head to the following answers for detail on properly serving the saved file from disk or database back to the client:

Ajaxifying the form

Head to the following answers how to upload using Ajax (and jQuery). Do note that the servlet code to collect the form data does not need to be changed for this! Only the way how you respond may be changed, but this is rather trivial (i.e. instead of forwarding to JSP, just print some JSON or XML or even plain text depending on whatever the script responsible for the Ajax call is expecting).


Hope this all helps :)

@Kagami Sascha Rosylight 2016-11-05 22:02:14

Ah sorry, I was seeing request.getParts("file") and was confused x_x

@theyuv 2016-11-20 14:34:19

With Servlet 3.0, if a MultipartConfig condition is violated (eg: maxFileSize), calling request.getParameter() returns null. Is this on purpose? What if I get some regular (text) parameters before calling getPart (and checking for an IllegalStateException)? This causes a NullPointerException to be thrown before I have a chance to check for the IllegalStateException.

@theyuv 2016-11-20 17:30:02

Please let me know if my question is unclear. Thanks.

@Rapster 2017-07-31 23:52:34

@BalusC I created a post related to this, do you have an idea how I could retrieve extra infos from File API webKitDirectory. More details here stackoverflow.com/questions/45419598/…

@splashout 2017-11-21 23:09:53

If you aren't on Servlet 3.0 and use the FileUpload trick, I found you can't read the file from the request more than once. If you need this functionality, you might want to look at Spring's MultiPartFilter. This post has a good working example: stackoverflow.com/a/21448087/1048376

@raviraja 2018-09-24 13:08:04

Answer is misleading in "When you're already on Servlet 3.0 or newer" section, because according to docs getSubmittedFileName method is available in Part interface since servlet spec 3.1, tomcat 8+ supports 3.1 specification.

@BalusC 2018-09-24 13:14:14

@raviraja: That's correct. See "When you're not on Servlet 3.1 yet, manually get submitted file name" section of the answer.

@raviraja 2018-09-24 13:24:07

Yeah, if someone tries to use the code in 3.0 section with tomcat 7, they might face issue in String fileName = Paths.get(filePart.getSubmittedFileName()).getFileName().toS‌​tring(); // MSIE fix.part similar to me

@Shivangi Gupta 2017-07-15 19:42:10

For Spring MVC I have been trying for hours to do this and managed to have a simpler version that worked for taking form input both data and image.

<form action="/handleform" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
  <input type="text" name="name" />
  <input type="text" name="age" />
  <input type="file" name="file" />
  <input type="submit" />
</form>

Controller to handle

@Controller
public class FormController {
    @RequestMapping(value="/handleform",method= RequestMethod.POST)
    ModelAndView register(@RequestParam String name, @RequestParam int age, @RequestParam MultipartFile file)
            throws ServletException, IOException {

        System.out.println(name);
        System.out.println(age);
        if(!file.isEmpty()){
            byte[] bytes = file.getBytes();
            String filename = file.getOriginalFilename();
            BufferedOutputStream stream =new BufferedOutputStream(new FileOutputStream(new File("D:/" + filename)));
            stream.write(bytes);
            stream.flush();
            stream.close();
        }
        return new ModelAndView("index");
    }
}

Hope it helps :)

@Ved Prakash 2019-03-13 12:27:25

Can you please share select image form db mysql and show it on jsp/html?

@Himanshu Patel 2016-07-15 07:14:09

HTML PAGE

<html>
<head>
<title>File Uploading Form</title>
</head>
<body>
<h3>File Upload:</h3>
Select a file to upload: <br />
<form action="UploadServlet" method="post"
                        enctype="multipart/form-data">
<input type="file" name="file" size="50" />
<br />
<input type="submit" value="Upload File" />
</form>
</body>
</html> 

SERVLET FILE

// Import required java libraries
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;

import javax.servlet.ServletConfig;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import org.apache.commons.fileupload.FileItem;
import org.apache.commons.fileupload.FileUploadException;
import org.apache.commons.fileupload.disk.DiskFileItemFactory;
import org.apache.commons.fileupload.servlet.ServletFileUpload;
import org.apache.commons.io.output.*;

public class UploadServlet extends HttpServlet {

   private boolean isMultipart;
   private String filePath;
   private int maxFileSize = 50 * 1024;
   private int maxMemSize = 4 * 1024;
   private File file ;

   public void init( ){
      // Get the file location where it would be stored.
      filePath = 
             getServletContext().getInitParameter("file-upload"); 
   }
   public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, 
               HttpServletResponse response)
              throws ServletException, java.io.IOException {
      // Check that we have a file upload request
      isMultipart = ServletFileUpload.isMultipartContent(request);
      response.setContentType("text/html");
      java.io.PrintWriter out = response.getWriter( );
      if( !isMultipart ){
         out.println("<html>");
         out.println("<head>");
         out.println("<title>Servlet upload</title>");  
         out.println("</head>");
         out.println("<body>");
         out.println("<p>No file uploaded</p>"); 
         out.println("</body>");
         out.println("</html>");
         return;
      }
      DiskFileItemFactory factory = new DiskFileItemFactory();
      // maximum size that will be stored in memory
      factory.setSizeThreshold(maxMemSize);
      // Location to save data that is larger than maxMemSize.
      factory.setRepository(new File("c:\\temp"));

      // Create a new file upload handler
      ServletFileUpload upload = new ServletFileUpload(factory);
      // maximum file size to be uploaded.
      upload.setSizeMax( maxFileSize );

      try{ 
      // Parse the request to get file items.
      List fileItems = upload.parseRequest(request);

      // Process the uploaded file items
      Iterator i = fileItems.iterator();

      out.println("<html>");
      out.println("<head>");
      out.println("<title>Servlet upload</title>");  
      out.println("</head>");
      out.println("<body>");
      while ( i.hasNext () ) 
      {
         FileItem fi = (FileItem)i.next();
         if ( !fi.isFormField () )  
         {
            // Get the uploaded file parameters
            String fieldName = fi.getFieldName();
            String fileName = fi.getName();
            String contentType = fi.getContentType();
            boolean isInMemory = fi.isInMemory();
            long sizeInBytes = fi.getSize();
            // Write the file
            if( fileName.lastIndexOf("\\") >= 0 ){
               file = new File( filePath + 
               fileName.substring( fileName.lastIndexOf("\\"))) ;
            }else{
               file = new File( filePath + 
               fileName.substring(fileName.lastIndexOf("\\")+1)) ;
            }
            fi.write( file ) ;
            out.println("Uploaded Filename: " + fileName + "<br>");
         }
      }
      out.println("</body>");
      out.println("</html>");
   }catch(Exception ex) {
       System.out.println(ex);
   }
   }
   public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, 
                       HttpServletResponse response)
        throws ServletException, java.io.IOException {

        throw new ServletException("GET method used with " +
                getClass( ).getName( )+": POST method required.");
   } 
}

web.xml

Compile above servlet UploadServlet and create required entry in web.xml file as follows.

<servlet>
   <servlet-name>UploadServlet</servlet-name>
   <servlet-class>UploadServlet</servlet-class>
</servlet>

<servlet-mapping>
   <servlet-name>UploadServlet</servlet-name>
   <url-pattern>/UploadServlet</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>

@Amila 2015-08-26 12:39:53

If you happen to use Spring MVC, this is how to: (I'm leaving this here in case someone find it useful).

Use a form with enctype attribute set to "multipart/form-data" (Same as BalusC's Answer)

<form action="upload" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
    <input type="file" name="file" />
    <input type="submit" value="Upload"/>
</form>

In your controller, map the request parameter file to MultipartFile type as follows:

@RequestMapping(value = "/upload", method = RequestMethod.POST)
public void handleUpload(@RequestParam("file") MultipartFile file) throws IOException {
    if (!file.isEmpty()) {
            byte[] bytes = file.getBytes(); // alternatively, file.getInputStream();
            // application logic
    }
}

You can get the filename and size using MultipartFile's getOriginalFilename() and getSize().

I've tested this with Spring version 4.1.1.RELEASE.

@Kenny Worden 2018-07-19 21:36:50

If I'm not mistaken, this requires that you configure a bean in your server's application config...

@thouliha 2015-05-21 16:49:16

Here's an example using apache commons-fileupload:

// apache commons-fileupload to handle file upload
DiskFileItemFactory factory = new DiskFileItemFactory();
factory.setRepository(new File(DataSources.TORRENTS_DIR()));
ServletFileUpload fileUpload = new ServletFileUpload(factory);

List<FileItem> items = fileUpload.parseRequest(req.raw());
FileItem item = items.stream()
  .filter(e ->
  "the_upload_name".equals(e.getFieldName()))
  .findFirst().get();
String fileName = item.getName();

item.write(new File(dir, fileName));
log.info(fileName);

@Mitul Maheshwari 2014-02-04 10:00:31

you can upload file using jsp /servlet.

<form action="UploadFileServlet" method="post">
  <input type="text" name="description" />
  <input type="file" name="file" />
  <input type="submit" />
</form>

on the other hand server side. use following code.

     package com.abc..servlet;

import java.io.File;
---------
--------


/**
 * Servlet implementation class UploadFileServlet
 */
public class UploadFileServlet extends HttpServlet {
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    public UploadFileServlet() {
        super();
        // TODO Auto-generated constructor stub
    }
    protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        response.sendRedirect("../jsp/ErrorPage.jsp");
    }

    protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub

            PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();
            HttpSession httpSession = request.getSession();
            String filePathUpload = (String) httpSession.getAttribute("path")!=null ? httpSession.getAttribute("path").toString() : "" ;

            String path1 =  filePathUpload;
            String filename = null;
            File path = null;
            FileItem item=null;


            boolean isMultipart = ServletFileUpload.isMultipartContent(request);

            if (isMultipart) {
                FileItemFactory factory = new DiskFileItemFactory();
                ServletFileUpload upload = new ServletFileUpload(factory);
                String FieldName = "";
                try {
                    List items = upload.parseRequest(request);
                    Iterator iterator = items.iterator();
                    while (iterator.hasNext()) {
                         item = (FileItem) iterator.next();

                            if (fieldname.equals("description")) {
                                description = item.getString();
                            }
                        }
                        if (!item.isFormField()) {
                            filename = item.getName();
                            path = new File(path1 + File.separator);
                            if (!path.exists()) {
                                boolean status = path.mkdirs();
                            }
                            /* START OF CODE FRO PRIVILEDGE*/

                            File uploadedFile = new File(path + Filename);  // for copy file
                            item.write(uploadedFile);
                            }
                        } else {
                            f1 = item.getName();
                        }

                    } // END OF WHILE 
                    response.sendRedirect("welcome.jsp");
                } catch (FileUploadException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                } 
            }   
    }

}

@rohan kamat 2013-10-24 09:35:06

Sending multiple file for file we have to use enctype="multipart/form-data"
and to send multiple file use multiple="multiple" in input tag

<form action="upload" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
 <input type="file" name="fileattachments"  multiple="multiple"/>
 <input type="submit" />
</form>

@CyberMew 2015-09-29 06:38:41

How would we go about doing getPart("fileattachments") so we get an array of Parts instead? I don't think getPart for multiple files will work?

@chepe lucho 2014-01-25 05:44:54

Without component or external Library in Tomcat 6 o 7

Enabling Upload in the web.xml file:

http://joseluisbz.wordpress.com/2014/01/17/manually-installing-php-tomcat-and-httpd-lounge/#Enabling%20File%20Uploads.

<servlet>
    <servlet-name>jsp</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet</servlet-class>
    <multipart-config>
      <max-file-size>3145728</max-file-size>
      <max-request-size>5242880</max-request-size>
    </multipart-config>
    <init-param>
        <param-name>fork</param-name>
        <param-value>false</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <init-param>
        <param-name>xpoweredBy</param-name>
        <param-value>false</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <load-on-startup>3</load-on-startup>
</servlet>

AS YOU CAN SEE:

    <multipart-config>
      <max-file-size>3145728</max-file-size>
      <max-request-size>5242880</max-request-size>
    </multipart-config>

Uploading Files using JSP. Files:

In the html file

<form method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data" name="Form" >

  <input type="file" name="fFoto" id="fFoto" value="" /></td>
  <input type="file" name="fResumen" id="fResumen" value=""/>

In the JSP File or Servlet

    InputStream isFoto = request.getPart("fFoto").getInputStream();
    InputStream isResu = request.getPart("fResumen").getInputStream();
    ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
    byte buf[] = new byte[8192];
    int qt = 0;
    while ((qt = isResu.read(buf)) != -1) {
      baos.write(buf, 0, qt);
    }
    String sResumen = baos.toString();

Edit your code to servlet requirements, like max-file-size, max-request-size and other options that you can to set...

@Geoffrey Malafsky 2013-09-10 15:15:52

Another source of this problem occurs if you are using Geronimo with its embedded Tomcat. In this case, after many iterations of testing commons-io and commons-fileupload, the problem arises from a parent classloader handling the commons-xxx jars. This has to be prevented. The crash always occurred at:

fileItems = uploader.parseRequest(request);

Note that the List type of fileItems has changed with the current version of commons-fileupload to be specifically List<FileItem> as opposed to prior versions where it was generic List.

I added the source code for commons-fileupload and commons-io into my Eclipse project to trace the actual error and finally got some insight. First, the exception thrown is of type Throwable not the stated FileIOException nor even Exception (these will not be trapped). Second, the error message is obfuscatory in that it stated class not found because axis2 could not find commons-io. Axis2 is not used in my project at all but exists as a folder in the Geronimo repository subdirectory as part of standard installation.

Finally, I found 1 place that posed a working solution which successfully solved my problem. You must hide the jars from parent loader in the deployment plan. This was put into geronimo-web.xml with my full file shown below.

Pasted from <http://osdir.com/ml/user-geronimo-apache/2011-03/msg00026.html> 



<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
<web:web-app xmlns:app="http://geronimo.apache.org/xml/ns/j2ee/application-2.0" xmlns:client="http://geronimo.apache.org/xml/ns/j2ee/application-client-2.0" xmlns:conn="http://geronimo.apache.org/xml/ns/j2ee/connector-1.2" xmlns:dep="http://geronimo.apache.org/xml/ns/deployment-1.2" xmlns:ejb="http://openejb.apache.org/xml/ns/openejb-jar-2.2" xmlns:log="http://geronimo.apache.org/xml/ns/loginconfig-2.0" xmlns:name="http://geronimo.apache.org/xml/ns/naming-1.2" xmlns:pers="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence" xmlns:pkgen="http://openejb.apache.org/xml/ns/pkgen-2.1" xmlns:sec="http://geronimo.apache.org/xml/ns/security-2.0" xmlns:web="http://geronimo.apache.org/xml/ns/j2ee/web-2.0.1">
    <dep:environment>
        <dep:moduleId>
            <dep:groupId>DataStar</dep:groupId>
            <dep:artifactId>DataStar</dep:artifactId>
            <dep:version>1.0</dep:version>
            <dep:type>car</dep:type>
        </dep:moduleId>

<!--Don't load commons-io or fileupload from parent classloaders-->
        <dep:hidden-classes>
            <dep:filter>org.apache.commons.io</dep:filter>
            <dep:filter>org.apache.commons.fileupload</dep:filter>
        </dep:hidden-classes>
        <dep:inverse-classloading/>        


    </dep:environment>
    <web:context-root>/DataStar</web:context-root>
</web:web-app>

@feel good and programming 2013-01-08 05:50:51

I am Using common Servlet for every Html Form whether it has attachments or not. This Servlet returns a TreeMap where the keys are jsp name Parameters and values are User Inputs and saves all attachments in fixed directory and later you rename the directory of your choice.Here Connections is our custom interface having connection object. I think this will help you

public class ServletCommonfunctions extends HttpServlet implements
        Connections {

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    public ServletCommonfunctions() {}

    protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest request,
            HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException,
            IOException {}

    public SortedMap<String, String> savefilesindirectory(
            HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
            throws IOException {
        // Map<String, String> key_values = Collections.synchronizedMap( new
        // TreeMap<String, String>());
        SortedMap<String, String> key_values = new TreeMap<String, String>();
        String dist = null, fact = null;
        PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();
        File file;
        String filePath = "E:\\FSPATH1\\2KL06CS048\\";
        System.out.println("Directory Created   ????????????"
            + new File(filePath).mkdir());
        int maxFileSize = 5000 * 1024;
        int maxMemSize = 5000 * 1024;
        // Verify the content type
        String contentType = request.getContentType();
        if ((contentType.indexOf("multipart/form-data") >= 0)) {
            DiskFileItemFactory factory = new DiskFileItemFactory();
            // maximum size that will be stored in memory
            factory.setSizeThreshold(maxMemSize);
            // Location to save data that is larger than maxMemSize.
            factory.setRepository(new File(filePath));
            // Create a new file upload handler
            ServletFileUpload upload = new ServletFileUpload(factory);
            // maximum file size to be uploaded.
            upload.setSizeMax(maxFileSize);
            try {
                // Parse the request to get file items.
                @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
                List<FileItem> fileItems = upload.parseRequest(request);
                // Process the uploaded file items
                Iterator<FileItem> i = fileItems.iterator();
                while (i.hasNext()) {
                    FileItem fi = (FileItem) i.next();
                    if (!fi.isFormField()) {
                        // Get the uploaded file parameters
                        String fileName = fi.getName();
                        // Write the file
                        if (fileName.lastIndexOf("\\") >= 0) {
                            file = new File(filePath
                                + fileName.substring(fileName
                                        .lastIndexOf("\\")));
                        } else {
                            file = new File(filePath
                                + fileName.substring(fileName
                                        .lastIndexOf("\\") + 1));
                        }
                        fi.write(file);
                    } else {
                        key_values.put(fi.getFieldName(), fi.getString());
                    }
                }
            } catch (Exception ex) {
                System.out.println(ex);
            }
        }
        return key_values;
    }
}

@AmanS 2013-10-20 04:00:11

@buhake sindi hey what should be the filepath if i m using live server or i live my project by uploading files to the server

@feel good and programming 2013-10-20 09:27:23

Any directory in live server.if you write a code to create a directory in servlet then directory will be created in live srver

@Pranav 2012-05-17 11:11:17

You need the common-io.1.4.jar file to be included in your lib directory, or if you're working in any editor, like NetBeans, then you need to go to project properties and just add the JAR file and you will be done.

To get the common.io.jar file just google it or just go to the Apache Tomcat website where you get the option for a free download of this file. But remember one thing: download the binary ZIP file if you're a Windows user.

@Malwinder Singh 2014-10-09 11:42:26

Can't find .jar but .zip. Do you mean .zip?

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