By alexleutgoeb

2010-03-16 16:50:13 8 Comments

I realized that Android has no built-in method of displaying PDF files.

How can I render a PDF file using Java on Android?


@Samet öztoprak 2017-11-02 11:59:04

There is no anyway to preview pdf document in Android webview.If you want to preview base64 pdf. It requires to third-party library.


compile 'com.github.barteksc:android-pdf-viewer:2.7.0'


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>

  ~ Copyright (c) 2017.
  ~ Samet Öztoprak
  ~ All rights reserved.

<LinearLayout xmlns:android=""

        android:src="@drawable/popup_exit" />


            android:layout_height="match_parent" />


    <View style="@style/HorizontalLine" />

        android:text="@string/agreed" />


public class DialogPdfViewer extends Dialog {
    PDFView pdfView;
    byte[] decodedString;

    public interface OnDialogPdfViewerListener {
        void onAgreeClick(DialogPdfViewer dialogFullEula);

        void onCloseClick(DialogPdfViewer dialogFullEula);

    public DialogPdfViewer(Context context, String base64, final DialogPdfViewer.OnDialogPdfViewerListener onDialogPdfViewerListener) {

        findViewById( View.OnClickListener() {
            public void onClick(View v) {

        findViewById( View.OnClickListener() {
            public void onClick(View v) {

        decodedString = Base64.decode(base64.toString(), Base64.DEFAULT);

        pdfView = ((PDFView) findViewById(;

        setOnKeyListener(new OnKeyListener() {
            public boolean onKey(DialogInterface dialog, int keyCode, KeyEvent event) {
                if (keyCode == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_BACK && event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_DOWN) {
                return true;


@Deepshikha Puri 2017-03-07 04:31:13

Download the source code here (Display PDF file inside my android application)

Add this dependency in your Grade: compile 'com.github.barteksc:android-pdf-viewer:2.0.3'


<RelativeLayout android:layout_width="match_parent"
    xmlns:android="" >

        android:text="View PDF"



import android.database.Cursor;
import android.provider.OpenableColumns;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.RelativeLayout;

import com.github.barteksc.pdfviewer.PDFView;
import com.github.barteksc.pdfviewer.listener.OnLoadCompleteListener;
import com.github.barteksc.pdfviewer.listener.OnPageChangeListener;
import com.github.barteksc.pdfviewer.scroll.DefaultScrollHandle;
import com.shockwave.pdfium.PdfDocument;

import java.util.List;

public class MainActivity extends Activity implements OnPageChangeListener,OnLoadCompleteListener{
    private static final String TAG = MainActivity.class.getSimpleName();
    public static final String SAMPLE_FILE = "android_tutorial.pdf";
    PDFView pdfView;
    Integer pageNumber = 0;
    String pdfFileName;

    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {

        pdfView= (PDFView)findViewById(;

    private void displayFromAsset(String assetFileName) {
        pdfFileName = assetFileName;


                .scrollHandle(new DefaultScrollHandle(this))

    public void onPageChanged(int page, int pageCount) {
        pageNumber = page;
        setTitle(String.format("%s %s / %s", pdfFileName, page + 1, pageCount));

    public void loadComplete(int nbPages) {
        PdfDocument.Meta meta = pdfView.getDocumentMeta();
        printBookmarksTree(pdfView.getTableOfContents(), "-");


    public void printBookmarksTree(List<PdfDocument.Bookmark> tree, String sep) {
        for (PdfDocument.Bookmark b : tree) {

            Log.e(TAG, String.format("%s %s, p %d", sep, b.getTitle(), b.getPageIdx()));

            if (b.hasChildren()) {
                printBookmarksTree(b.getChildren(), sep + "-");


@Murali Mohan 2015-06-17 11:41:47

I used the below code to open and print the PDF using Wi-Fi. I am sending my whole code, and I hope it is helpful.

public class MainActivity extends Activity {

    int Result_code = 1;

    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        Button mButton = (Button)findViewById(;

        mButton.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

            public void onClick(View v) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub

                 PrintManager printManager = (PrintManager)getSystemService(Context.PRINT_SERVICE);
                String jobName =  " Document";
                printManager.print(jobName, pda, null);

    public void openDocument(String name) {

        Intent intent = new Intent(android.content.Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
        File file = new File(name);
        String extension = android.webkit.MimeTypeMap.getFileExtensionFromUrl(Uri.fromFile(file).toString());
        String mimetype = android.webkit.MimeTypeMap.getSingleton().getMimeTypeFromExtension(extension);

        if (extension.equalsIgnoreCase("") || mimetype == null) {
            // if there is no extension or there is no definite mimetype, still try to open the file
            intent.setDataAndType(Uri.fromFile(file), "text/*");
        else {
            intent.setDataAndType(Uri.fromFile(file), mimetype);

        // custom message for the intent
        startActivityForResult((Intent.createChooser(intent, "Choose an Application:")), Result_code);
        //startActivityForResult(intent, Result_code);
        //Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),"There are no email clients installed.", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

    PrintDocumentAdapter pda = new PrintDocumentAdapter(){

        public void onWrite(PageRange[] pages, ParcelFileDescriptor destination, CancellationSignal cancellationSignal, WriteResultCallback callback){
            InputStream input = null;
            OutputStream output = null;

            try {
                String filename = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory()    + "/" + "Holiday.pdf";
                File file = new File(filename);
                input = new FileInputStream(file);
                output = new FileOutputStream(destination.getFileDescriptor());

                byte[] buf = new byte[1024];
                int bytesRead;

                while ((bytesRead = > 0) {
                     output.write(buf, 0, bytesRead);

                callback.onWriteFinished(new PageRange[]{PageRange.ALL_PAGES});
            catch (FileNotFoundException ee){
                //Catch exception
            catch (Exception e) {
                //Catch exception
            finally {
                try {
                catch (IOException e) {

        public void onLayout(PrintAttributes oldAttributes, PrintAttributes newAttributes, CancellationSignal cancellationSignal, LayoutResultCallback callback, Bundle extras){

            if (cancellationSignal.isCanceled()) {

           // int pages = computePageCount(newAttributes);

            PrintDocumentInfo pdi = new PrintDocumentInfo.Builder("Name of file").setContentType(PrintDocumentInfo.CONTENT_TYPE_DOCUMENT).build();

            callback.onLayoutFinished(pdi, true);

@Droid Chris 2014-07-11 19:54:25

To add a little light to this, I would have to go with the pdf.js solution from Mozilla. Here is the link to an already well written implementation of this:

Here are the edits that I added in my Android Activity:

private String getInternalPDFURL(String interalPDFName){
    return "file:///android_asset/pdfviewer/index.html?pdf=" + interalPDFName + ".pdf";

Here are the edits I made in pdffile.js:

var url = '../' + getPDFURL();

function getPDFURL(){
    var query =;
    var vars = query.split("=");
    var pdfPage = vars[1];
    return pdfPage;

@Miloš Černilovský 2015-01-07 13:09:10

Since API Level 21 (Lollipop) Android provides a PdfRenderer class:

// create a new renderer
 PdfRenderer renderer = new PdfRenderer(getSeekableFileDescriptor());

 // let us just render all pages
 final int pageCount = renderer.getPageCount();
 for (int i = 0; i < pageCount; i++) {
     Page page = renderer.openPage(i);

     // say we render for showing on the screen
     page.render(mBitmap, null, null, Page.RENDER_MODE_FOR_DISPLAY);

     // do stuff with the bitmap

     // close the page

 // close the renderer

For more information see the sample app.

For older APIs I recommend Android PdfViewer library, it is very fast and easy to use, licensed under Apache License 2.0:

  .pages(0, 2, 1, 3, 3, 3) // all pages are displayed by default

@Sam 2015-04-06 16:08:32

PDFView library is great, but note that it is under the GNU General Public, not the Lesser GPL. This may make it difficult to include in commercial software.

@Miloš Černilovský 2015-04-08 06:11:36

Yes, @Sam is right. Personally I had to use PDF.js because of the licence issues in older Android versions, but the rendering is extremely slow and it's difficult to make it work due to Java-JavaScript communication.

@Gokhan Arik 2015-04-11 04:05:13

For older versions, is there any way to show them without downloading and storing the file somewhere in the app?

@Miloš Černilovský 2015-04-15 07:10:45

In this case you can try the Google Docs viewer as mentioned in some other answers.

@MichaelStoddart 2015-06-23 14:47:03

what do i need to pass in as pdfname?

@Triet Doan 2015-08-10 15:46:45

Could you make a more detailed example using PDFView Library? What should we put in pdfName? What do the functions onDraw, onLoad, and onPageChange listener look like? Thanks for your help :)

@Sam 2015-08-18 22:39:28

Just came across android-pdf-viewer-library ( It's old, but has anyone here tried that and had any luck? It appears to be LGPL. Edit: I now see it's mentioned as a comment in the first post.

@Naveed Ahmad 2015-10-25 17:27:34

This library don't load heavy docs. Don't use it guys

@Miloš Černilovský 2017-03-21 10:11:12

Added a new PDF library licensed under Apache License 2.0 to the answer.

@Shantanu Paul 2014-07-24 19:33:26

I finally was able to modify butelo's code to open any PDF file in the Android filesystem using pdf.js. The code can be found on my GitHub

What I did was modified the pdffile.js to read HTML argument file like this:

var url = getURLParameter('file');

function getURLParameter(name) {
return decodeURIComponent((new RegExp('[?|&]' + name + '=' + '([^&;]+?)(&|#|;|$)').exec(||[,""])[1].replace(/\+/g, '%20'))||null}

So what you need to do is just append the file path after the index.html like this:

Uri path = Uri.parse(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().toString() + "/data/test.pdf");
webView.loadUrl("file:///android_asset/pdfviewer/index.html?file=" + path);

Update the path variable to point to a valid PDF in the Adroid filesystem.

@Riddhish.Chaudhari 2014-08-13 06:00:47

hi Paul, i have also used this example, but it's showing blank screen on WebView in API Level 16, can you have any about this problem??

@Shantanu Paul 2014-08-16 02:45:26

Where is the pdf file stored ? You cannot load a pdf from the assets folder. You can load either from SD card or your app's protected internal storage. Also check your logcat for any errors related to webview.

@Riddhish.Chaudhari 2014-08-16 04:23:15

Uri path = Uri.parse(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().toString‌​() + "/example4.pdf"); webView.loadUrl("file:///android_asset/pdfviewer/index.html?‌​file="+path);

@Riddhish.Chaudhari 2014-08-16 04:24:42

@Paul i am using above code it's working fine with API 19 but below it's not working. Why??

@Shantanu Paul 2014-09-10 18:05:17

Please see this for compatibility with older versions of Android:

@Nitesh Verma 2014-11-27 08:31:28

i have something like this in my web view, "Page: /" nothing else what might have been done wrong?

@Simon 2016-01-25 08:28:53

@Shantanu Paul, I did the exact steps you mentioned but the webview still shows: Page:/ Could you pls let me know what could be wrong? I am on api23 btw. Thank you in advance. My logcat also shows: AndroidProtocolHandler: Unable to open asset URL: file:///android_asset/pdfviewer/THE_FILE I/chromium: [INFO:CONSOLE(0)] "Uncaught (in promise) Cannot read property 'Symbol(Symbol.iterator)' of null", source: file:///android_asset/pdfviewer/index.html?file=/storage/emu‌​lated/0/test.pdf (0)

@JesperB 2013-04-22 09:34:37

I have made a hybrid approach from some of the answers given to this and other similar posts:

This solution checks if a PDF reader app is installed and does the following: - If a reader is installed, download the PDF file to the device and start a PDF reader app - If no reader is installed, ask the user if he wants to view the PDF file online through Google Drive

NOTE! This solution uses the Android DownloadManager class, which was introduced in API9 (Android 2.3 or Gingerbread). This means that it doesn't work on Android 2.2 or earlier.

I wrote a blog post about it here, but I've provided the full code below for completeness:

public class PDFTools {
    private static final String GOOGLE_DRIVE_PDF_READER_PREFIX = "";
    private static final String PDF_MIME_TYPE = "application/pdf";
    private static final String HTML_MIME_TYPE = "text/html";

     * If a PDF reader is installed, download the PDF file and open it in a reader. 
     * Otherwise ask the user if he/she wants to view it in the Google Drive online PDF reader.<br />
     * <br />
     * <b>BEWARE:</b> This method
     * @param context
     * @param pdfUrl
     * @return
    public static void showPDFUrl( final Context context, final String pdfUrl ) {
        if ( isPDFSupported( context ) ) {
            downloadAndOpenPDF(context, pdfUrl);
        } else {
            askToOpenPDFThroughGoogleDrive( context, pdfUrl );

     * Downloads a PDF with the Android DownloadManager and opens it with an installed PDF reader app.
     * @param context
     * @param pdfUrl
    public static void downloadAndOpenPDF(final Context context, final String pdfUrl) {
        // Get filename
        final String filename = pdfUrl.substring( pdfUrl.lastIndexOf( "/" ) + 1 );
        // The place where the downloaded PDF file will be put
        final File tempFile = new File( context.getExternalFilesDir( Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS ), filename );
        if ( tempFile.exists() ) {
            // If we have downloaded the file before, just go ahead and show it.
            openPDF( context, Uri.fromFile( tempFile ) );

        // Show progress dialog while downloading
        final ProgressDialog progress = context, context.getString( R.string.pdf_show_local_progress_title ), context.getString( R.string.pdf_show_local_progress_content ), true );

        // Create the download request
        DownloadManager.Request r = new DownloadManager.Request( Uri.parse( pdfUrl ) );
        r.setDestinationInExternalFilesDir( context, Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS, filename );
        final DownloadManager dm = (DownloadManager) context.getSystemService( Context.DOWNLOAD_SERVICE );
        BroadcastReceiver onComplete = new BroadcastReceiver() {
            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
                if ( !progress.isShowing() ) {
                context.unregisterReceiver( this );

                long downloadId = intent.getLongExtra( DownloadManager.EXTRA_DOWNLOAD_ID, -1 );
                Cursor c = dm.query( new DownloadManager.Query().setFilterById( downloadId ) );

                if ( c.moveToFirst() ) {
                    int status = c.getInt( c.getColumnIndex( DownloadManager.COLUMN_STATUS ) );
                    if ( status == DownloadManager.STATUS_SUCCESSFUL ) {
                        openPDF( context, Uri.fromFile( tempFile ) );
        context.registerReceiver( onComplete, new IntentFilter( DownloadManager.ACTION_DOWNLOAD_COMPLETE ) );

        // Enqueue the request
        dm.enqueue( r );

     * Show a dialog asking the user if he wants to open the PDF through Google Drive
     * @param context
     * @param pdfUrl
    public static void askToOpenPDFThroughGoogleDrive( final Context context, final String pdfUrl ) {
        new AlertDialog.Builder( context )
            .setTitle( R.string.pdf_show_online_dialog_title )
            .setMessage( R.string.pdf_show_online_dialog_question )
            .setNegativeButton( R.string.pdf_show_online_dialog_button_no, null )
            .setPositiveButton( R.string.pdf_show_online_dialog_button_yes, new OnClickListener() {
                public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
                    openPDFThroughGoogleDrive(context, pdfUrl); 

     * Launches a browser to view the PDF through Google Drive
     * @param context
     * @param pdfUrl
    public static void openPDFThroughGoogleDrive(final Context context, final String pdfUrl) {
        Intent i = new Intent( Intent.ACTION_VIEW );
        i.setDataAndType(Uri.parse(GOOGLE_DRIVE_PDF_READER_PREFIX + pdfUrl ), HTML_MIME_TYPE );
        context.startActivity( i );
     * Open a local PDF file with an installed reader
     * @param context
     * @param localUri
    public static final void openPDF(Context context, Uri localUri ) {
        Intent i = new Intent( Intent.ACTION_VIEW );
        i.setDataAndType( localUri, PDF_MIME_TYPE );
        context.startActivity( i );
     * Checks if any apps are installed that supports reading of PDF files.
     * @param context
     * @return
    public static boolean isPDFSupported( Context context ) {
        Intent i = new Intent( Intent.ACTION_VIEW );
        final File tempFile = new File( context.getExternalFilesDir( Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS ), "test.pdf" );
        i.setDataAndType( Uri.fromFile( tempFile ), PDF_MIME_TYPE );
        return context.getPackageManager().queryIntentActivities( i, PackageManager.MATCH_DEFAULT_ONLY ).size() > 0;


@Shankar Agarwal 2012-06-02 10:23:07

Taken from my blog:

public class MyPdfViewActivity extends Activity {

  protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    WebView mWebView=new WebView(MyPdfViewActivity.this);

@Mark 2013-08-04 20:50:08

This is really not very clean. For one, if Google ever decides to change their Google Docs URL, your app will break and you'll have to push an update for users to be able to view documents again.

@whyoz 2014-02-11 01:10:23

this is only allowing me to view the first page, and the "Download" link at the bottom isn't active...any ideas? Also, it seems like setPluginsEnabled isn't part of the WebView class anymore. 2014-05-30 14:04:42

For more info on google docs viewer:

@Dylan 2014-10-30 15:51:17

There are very low bandwidth limitations to this method.

@Mani 2014-11-11 19:24:22

This will not work if no Internet connection and It requires INTERNET Permission

@Lee Yi Hong 2014-11-13 03:52:09

It used to work. But recently, it keep showing "Whoops! There was a problem previewing this document" I guess the google had change some stuff at their side causing this problem.

@nilsi 2015-08-05 06:07:05

For me it was really slow loading and scrolling through the document.

@VVB 2015-10-06 07:45:02

Can I open jpeg file url using the above one?…

@delive 2015-10-15 06:13:28

content (html) + pdf embeded can you ?

@Iman Akbari 2016-01-02 15:36:25

It's a pretty simple solution, but if one is to use a webview, I guess pdf.js makes more sense since it can be served locally.

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