2008-12-10 15:59:51 8 Comments

Is there an easy way to run a MySQL query from the Linux command line and output the results in CSV format?

Here's what I'm doing now:

mysql -u uid -ppwd -D dbname << EOQ | sed -e 's/        /,/g' | tee list.csv
select id, concat("\"",name,"\"") as name
from students

It gets messy when there are a lot of columns that need to be surrounded by quotes, or if there are quotes in the results that need to be escaped.


@Pranav 2020-04-04 14:38:22

If you are getting this error while you try to export your file

ERROR 1290 (HY000): The MySQL server is running with the --secure-file-priv option so it cannot execute this statement

and you are not able to solve this error. You can do one thing by simply running this python script

import mysql.connector
import csv

con = mysql.connector.connect(
    passwd="Your Password"

cur = con.cursor()

cur.execute("USE DbName")
select col1,col2 from table
where <cond>

with open('Filename.csv',mode='w') as data:
    for i in cur:

@stephenwade 2020-04-04 16:25:44

Welcome to Stack Overflow! This doesn't answer the question. Please review

@Sudarshan 2020-03-25 02:34:08

For those, who may want to download query result in CSV format but doesn't have access the server file but the database. First of all, it's not linux command. Steps are bellow:

  1. Create a view with the query. For example: (Create VIEW v as (Select * from user where status = 0))
  2. The view will be created under the view section of your database.
  3. Now export the view as CSV.
  4. If you need the table column as header of CSV, set Export method: to Custom - display all possible options and check Put columns names in the first row.

@Shenal Silva 2020-02-16 10:39:33

I encountered the same problem and Paul's Answer wasn't an option since it was RDS. Replacing the tab with the commas did not work as the data had embedded commas & tabs. I found that the mycli which is a drop-in alternative for the mysql-client supports csv output outof the box with the --csv flag

mycli db_name --csv -e "select * from flowers" > flowers.csv

@Alex Ryan 2020-02-02 21:19:50

This solution places the SQL query in a heredoc and pipes the output though a filter:


mysql --defaults-group-suffix=[DATABASE_NAME] --batch << EOF | python

This version of the python filter works without requiring the use of the csv module:

import sys

for line in sys.stdin:
    print(','.join(["\"" + str(element) + "\"" for element in line.rstrip('\n').split('\t')]))

This version of the python filter uses the csv module and involves slightly more code but is arguably a little bit more clear:

import csv, sys

csv_reader = csv.reader(sys.stdin, delimiter='\t')
csv_writer = csv.writer(sys.stdout, quoting=csv.QUOTE_NONNUMERIC)

for line in csv_reader:

Or you could use pandas:

import csv, sys
import pandas as pd

df = pd.read_csv(sys.stdin, sep='\t')
df.to_csv(sys.stdout, index=False, quoting=csv.QUOTE_NONNUMERIC)

@AAYUSH SHAH 2019-12-20 15:27:01

If you are getting an error of secure-file-priv then, also after shifting your destination file location inside the C:\ProgramData\MySQL\MySQL Server 8.0\Uploads and also after then the query-

SELECT * FROM attendance INTO OUTFILE 'C:\ProgramData\MySQL\MySQL Server 8.0\Uploads\FileName.csv' FIELDS TERMINATED BY ',' ENCLOSED BY '"' LINES TERMINATED BY '\n';

is not working, you have to just change \(backsplash) from the query to / (forwardsplash)

And that works !!


SELECT * FROM attendance INTO OUTFILE 'C:/ProgramData/MySQL/MySQL Server 8.0/Uploads/FileName.csv' FIELDS TERMINATED BY ',' ENCLOSED BY '"' LINES TERMINATED BY '\n';

Each time when you run the successful query, it will generate the new csv file each time! Cool Right?

@saran3h 2019-11-06 04:23:58

If you are on production or any other server with no access to file system, you can use this simple trick and a little bit of manual effort to get what you want.

Step 1. Just wrap all the columns under CONCAT and use as CSVFormat option provided by MySQL to get comma-delimited results. (or use any delimiter you want). Here is an example:

            ua.longitude) AS CSVFormat
    table1 u
        LEFT JOIN
    table2 ua ON u.address_id =
    role_policy = 31 and is_active = 1;

Step 2. Copy results from your terminal to a file and clean up all the pipe characters (that forms the layout of your results) using any text editor.

Step 3. Save as .csv file and that's it.

@MAbraham1 2020-02-07 01:49:43

This solution is error-prone and not recommended. Instead, use one of MySQL's built-in methods of extracting a valid CSV output.

@humbads 2019-07-16 19:48:24

The following produces tab-delimited and valid CSV output. Unlike most of the other answers, this technique correctly handles escaping of tabs, commas, quotes, and new lines without any stream filter like sed, awk, or tr. The example shows how to pipe a remote mysql table directly into a local sqlite database using streams. This works without FILE permission or SELECT INTO OUTFILE permission. I have added new lines for readability.

mysql -B -C --raw -u 'username' --password='password' --host='hostname' 'databasename'
    CONCAT('\''"'\'',REPLACE(`id`,'\''"'\'', '\''""'\''),'\''"'\'') AS '\''id'\'',
    CONCAT('\''"'\'',REPLACE(`value`,'\''"'\'', '\''""'\''),'\''"'\'') AS '\''value'\''
    FROM sampledata'
2>/dev/null | sqlite3 -csv -separator $'\t' mydb.db '.import /dev/stdin mycsvtable'

The 2>/dev/null is needed to suppress the warning about the password on the command line.

If your data has NULLs, you can use the IFNULL() function in the query.

@Chris Johnson 2016-02-01 05:52:26

Many of the answers on this page are weak because they don't handle the general case of what can occur in CSV format. e.g. commas and quotes embedded in fields and other conditions that always come up eventually. We need a general solution that works for all valid CSV input data.

Here's a simple and strong solution in Python:

#!/usr/bin/env python

import csv
import sys

tab_in = csv.reader(sys.stdin, dialect=csv.excel_tab)
comma_out = csv.writer(sys.stdout, dialect=csv.excel)

for row in tab_in:

Name that file tab2csv, put it on your path, give it execute permissions, then use it like this:

mysql OTHER_OPTIONS --batch --execute='select * from whatever;' | tab2csv > outfile.csv

The Python CSV-handling functions cover corner cases for CSV input format(s).

This could be improved to handle very large files via a streaming approach.

@Josh Rumbut 2016-02-04 15:52:50

An even more dependable solution would be to actually connect to the database with Python, then you should have an easier time doing what you need to do to deal with larger datasets (chunking results, streaming, etc).

@Ben 2019-08-30 16:28:55

@JoshRumbut, really late, but I made to complement your comment

@Ben 2017-01-24 23:02:33

This answer uses Python and a popular third party library, PyMySQL. I'm adding it because Python's csv library is powerful enough to correctly handle many different flavors of .csv and no other answers are using Python code to interact with the database.

import contextlib
import csv
import datetime
import os

import pymysql

SELECT * FROM my_table WHERE my_attribute = 'my_attribute';

# embedding passwords in code gets nasty when you use version control
# the environment is not much better, but this is an example
SQL_USER = os.environ['SQL_USER']
SQL_PASS = os.environ['SQL_PASS']

connection = pymysql.connect(host='localhost',

with contextlib.closing(connection):
    with connection.cursor() as cursor:
        # Hope you have enough memory :)
        results = cursor.fetchall()

output_file = 'my_query-{}.csv'.format('%Y-%m-%d'))
with open(output_file, 'w', newline='') as csvfile:
    # about lineterminator
    csv_writer = csv.writer(csvfile, lineterminator='\n')

@Alexander Baltasar 2017-01-25 09:39:07

An answer using python was already provided.

@Ben 2017-01-26 02:29:46

@AlexanderBaltasar, right, and it looks useful, but it's not using Python code to interact with the database. See the comment on that on that question.

@Marty Hirsch 2011-12-06 18:50:13

This is simple, and it works on anything without needing batch mode or output files:

select concat_ws(',',
    concat('"', replace(field1, '"', '""'), '"'),
    concat('"', replace(field2, '"', '""'), '"'),
    concat('"', replace(field3, '"', '""'), '"'))

from your_table where etc;


  1. Replace " with "" in each field --> replace(field1, '"', '""')
  2. Surround each result in quotation marks --> concat('"', result1, '"')
  3. Place a comma between each quoted result --> concat_ws(',', quoted1, quoted2, ...)

That's it!

@Marco Roy 2019-05-21 23:11:32

Note that NULL values will be skipped by concat_ws(), resulting in a column mismatch. To avoid this, simply use an empty string instead: IFNULL(field, '') (or whatever else you use to represent NULL)

@hrvoj3e 2016-01-29 13:52:47

This saved me a couple of times. Fast and it works!

--batch Print results using tab as the column separator, with each row on a new line.

--raw disables character escaping (\n, \t, \0, and \)


mysql -udemo_user -p -h127.0.0.1 --port=3306 \
   --default-character-set=utf8mb4 --database=demo_database \
   --batch --raw < /tmp/demo_sql_query.sql > /tmp/demo_csv_export.tsv

For completeness you could convert to csv (but be careful because tabs could be inside field values - e.g. text fields)

tr '\t' ',' < file.tsv > file.csv

@PressingOnAlways 2016-07-12 00:45:53

Unless I'm missing something, this creates a TSV file, not a CSV file...

@hrvoj3e 2016-07-12 06:50:49

@PressingOnAlways Yes. MySQL doc quote: "Print results using tab as the column separator, with each row on a new line." But parsing should not be a problem with any delimiter. I used it to make excel files for my client.

@mc0e 2013-10-11 05:04:34

All of the solutions here to date, except the MySQL workbench one, are incorrect and quite possibly unsafe (ie security issues) for at least some possible content in the mysql db.

MYSQL Workbench (and similarly PHPMyAdmin) provide a formally correct solution, but are designed for downloading the output to a user's location. They're not so useful for things like automating data export.

It is not possible to generate reliably correct csv from the output of mysql -B -e 'SELECT ...' because that cannot encode carriage returns and white space in fields. The '-s' flag to mysql does do backslash escaping, and might lead to a correct solution. However, using a scripting language (one with decent internal data structures that is, not bash), and libraries where the encoding issues have already been carefully worked out is far safer.

I thought about writing a script for this, but as soon as I thought about what I'd call it, it occurred to me to search for pre-existing work by the same name. While I haven't gone over it thoroughly, the solution at looks promising. Depending on your application, the yaml approach to specifying the SQL commands might or might not appeal though. I'm also not thrilled with the requirement for a more recent version of ruby than comes as standard with my Ubuntu 12.04 laptop or Debian Squeeze servers. Yes I know I could use RVM, but I'd rather not maintain that for such a simple purpose.

Hopefully someone will point out a suitable tool, that's had a bit of testing. Otherwise I'll probably update this when I find or write one.

@yeya 2016-07-28 15:28:51

You are right, for complex strings in the table you have to use some decent library, not just bash. I think nodejs has a better solutions for this kind of actions. like this example

@reallynice 2017-06-02 12:44:22

Hi, good answer, I would add a link to the python solution proposed below, which works well and is very simple. I tried to edit your post but the edit's been rejected

@Ripudaman Singh 2018-09-24 12:43:18

You can use below command from your SQL editor/Terminal:

"mysql -h(hostname/IP>) -u(username) -p(password) databasename <(query.sql) > outputFILE(.txt/.xls)"

e.g hostname -x.x.x.x

uname - username

password - password

DBName - employeeDB

queryFile - employee.sql

outputFile - outputFile.xls

mysql -hx.x.x.x -uusername -ppassword employeeDB< employee.sql> outputFile.xls

Make sure you are executing the command from the directory where SQL query is located or mention the full path of the sql query location in the above command.

@Rohit Chemburkar 2018-11-07 06:15:26

What worked for me:

FROM students
WHERE foo = 'bar'
LIMIT 0,1200000
INTO OUTFILE './students-1200000.csv'

None of the solutions on this thread worked for my particular case, I had pretty json data inside one of the columns, which would get messed up in my csv output. For those with a similar problem, try lines terminated by \r\n instead.

Also another problem for those trying to open the csv with Microsoft Excel, keep in mind there is a limit of 32,767 characters that a single cell can hold, above that it overflows to the rows below. To identify which records in a column have the issue, use the query below. You can then truncate those records or handle them as you'd like.

SELECT id,name,CHAR_LENGTH(json_student_description) AS 'character length'
FROM students
WHERE CHAR_LENGTH(json_student_description)>32767;

@David Oliver 2012-06-26 17:15:54

MySQL Workbench can export recordsets to CSV, and it seems to handle commas in fields very well. The CSV opens up in OpenOffice fine.

@mr-euro 2012-07-11 17:02:49

Thanks a million David. After spending 3 hours getting the newlines to output properly for HTML content in the data, I used the MySQL Workbench and in 2 minutes I had my CSV file ready.

@David Oliver 2012-08-05 21:27:56

I've just found it can save as XML, too, which is great. I'm hoping to migrate from one application to another by using XSLT to transform this XML into a CSV file suitable for importing into the target application.

@cijagani 2015-08-05 03:20:03

mysql workbench is best option for import export feature.

@LancelotHolmes 2016-10-29 06:42:31

Well,but each time the workbench limit the select records up to 1000 and when it comes to much more records it does not work that well,the same condition for the import it often blocked if I try to import a relatively large csv file into the mysql database by workbench.

@Vincent 2018-04-22 15:47:17

I just successfully exported over half a million rows using mysql workbench so large files don't seem to be a problem. You just have to make sure you remove the select limit before running your query and you may also have to increase the following values in your my.ini file: max_allowed_packet = 500M, net_read_timeout = 600, net_write_timeout = 600

@Ostico 2019-05-16 15:00:53

MySQL workbench has an embarrassing memory leak when export data in CSV, if you have a large data set like 1 or 2 million more rows, 12 GB of RAM ( tested on my linux machine ) are not enough and the memory are not cleared unless you kill or stop it. For large data set this is not a solution.

@Brian 2018-01-13 15:17:10

Also, if you're performing the query on the Bash command line, I believe the tr command can be used to substitute the default tabs to arbitrary delimiters.

$ echo "SELECT * FROM Table123" | mysql Database456 | tr "\t" ,

@Hirnhamster 2018-05-16 10:19:23

If you have PHP set up on the server, you can use mysql2csv to export an (actually valid) CSV file for an abitrary mysql query. See my answer at MySQL - SELECT * INTO OUTFILE LOCAL ? for a little more context/info.

I tried to maintain the option names from mysql so it should be sufficient to provide the --file and --query options:

./mysql2csv --file="/tmp/result.csv" --query='SELECT 1 as foo, 2 as bar;' --user="username" --password="password"

"Install" mysql2csv via

wget -O mysql2csv -q && (sha256sum mysql2csv | cmp <(echo "b109535b29733bd596ecc8608e008732e617e97906f119c66dd7cf6ab2865a65  mysql2csv") || (echo "ERROR comparing hash, Found:" ;sha256sum mysql2csv) ) && chmod +x mysql2csv

(download content of the gist, check checksum and make it executable).

@Wolfgang Fahl 2018-05-14 15:19:27

The following bash script works for me. It optionally also gets the schema for the requested tables.

# export mysql data to CSV

#ansi colors
green='\033[0;32m' # '\e[1;32m' is too bright for white bg.

# a colored message 
#   params:
#     1: l_color - the color of the message
#     2: l_msg - the message to display
color_msg() {
  local l_color="$1"
  local l_msg="$2"
  echo -e "${l_color}$l_msg${endColor}"

# error
# show the given error message on stderr and exit
#   params:
#     1: l_msg - the error message to display
error() {
  local l_msg="$1"
  # use ansi red for error
  color_msg $red "Error:" 1>&2
  color_msg $red "\t$l_msg" 1>&2

# display usage 
usage() {
  echo "usage: $0 [-h|--help]" 1>&2
  echo "               -o  | --output      csvdirectory"    1>&2
  echo "               -d  | --database    database"   1>&2
  echo "               -t  | --tables      tables"     1>&2
  echo "               -p  | --password    password"   1>&2
  echo "               -u  | --user        user"       1>&2
  echo "               -hs | --host        host"       1>&2
  echo "               -gs | --get-schema"             1>&2
  echo "" 1>&2
  echo "     output: output csv directory to export mysql data into" 1>&2
  echo "" 1>&2
  echo "         user: mysql user" 1>&2
  echo "     password: mysql password" 1>&2
  echo "" 1>&2
  echo "     database: target database" 1>&2
  echo "       tables: tables to export" 1>&2
  echo "         host: host of target database" 1>&2
  echo "" 1>&2
  echo "  -h|--help: show help" 1>&2
  exit 1

# show help 
help() {
  echo "$0 Help" 1>&2
  echo "===========" 1>&2
  echo "$0 exports a csv file from a mysql database optionally limiting to a list of tables" 1>&2
  echo "   example: $0 --database=cms --user=scott --password=tiger  --tables=person --output person.csv" 1>&2
  echo "" 1>&2

domysql() {
  mysql --host $host -u$user --password=$password $database

getcolumns() {
  local l_table="$1"
  echo "describe $l_table" | domysql | cut -f1 | grep -v "Field" | grep -v "Warning" | paste -sd "," - 2>/dev/null


# parse command line options
while true; do
  #echo "option $1"
  case "$1" in
    # options without arguments
    -h|--help) usage;;
    -d|--database)     database="$2" ; shift ;;
    -t|--tables)       tables="$2" ; shift ;;
    -o|--output)       csvoutput="$2" ; shift ;;
    -u|--user)         user="$2" ; shift ;;
    -hs|--host)        host="$2" ; shift ;;
    -p|--password)     password="$2" ; shift ;;
    -gs|--get-schema)  option="getschema";; 
    (--) shift; break;;
    (-*) echo "$0: error - unrecognized option $1" 1>&2; usage;;
    (*) break;;

# checks
if [ "$csvoutput" == "" ]
  error "ouput csv directory not set"
if [ "$database" == "" ]
  error "mysql database not set"
if [ "$user" == "" ]
  error "mysql user not set"
if [ "$password" == "" ]
  error "mysql password not set"

color_msg $blue "exporting tables of database $database"
if [ "$tables" = "" ]
tables=$(echo "show tables" | domysql)

case $option in
   rm $csvoutput$database.schema
   for table in $tables
     color_msg $blue "getting schema for $table"
     echo -n "$table:" >> $csvoutput$database.schema
     getcolumns $table >> $csvoutput$database.schema
for table in $tables
  color_msg $blue "exporting table $table"
  cols=$(grep "$table:" $csvoutput$database.schema | cut -f2 -d:)
  if [  "$cols" = "" ]
    cols=$(getcolumns $table)
  ssh $host rm $mysqlfiles/$table.csv
cat <<EOF | mysql --host $host -u$user --password=$password $database 
SELECT $cols FROM $table INTO OUTFILE '$mysqlfiles$table.csv'
  scp $host:$mysqlfiles/$table.csv $csvoutput$table.csv.raw
  (echo "$cols"; cat $csvoutput$table.csv.raw) > $csvoutput$table.csv
  rm $csvoutput$table.csv.raw

@Indrajeet Singh 2014-09-08 12:06:50

Try this code:

SELECT 'Column1', 'Column2', 'Column3', 'Column4', 'Column5'
SELECT column1, column2,
column3 , column4, column5 FROM demo
INTO OUTFILE '/tmp/demo.csv'

For more information:

@zus 2020-02-19 05:34:03

Regard same if i run following query i am getting error. My query : Any help thanks. @Indrajeet Singh

@minitauros 2018-03-01 12:23:23

Tiny bash script for doing simple query to CSV dumps, inspired by


# $1 = query to execute
# $2 = outfile
# $3 = mysql database name
# $4 = mysql username

if [ -z "$1" ]; then
    echo "Query not given"
    exit 1

if [ -z "$2" ]; then
    echo "Outfile not given"
    exit 1


if [ ! -z "$3" ]; then

if [ ! -z "$4" ]; then

if [ -z "$MYSQL_DB" ]; then
    echo "Database name not given"
    exit 1

if [ -z "$MYSQL_USER" ]; then
    echo "Database user not given"
    exit 1

mysql -u $MYSQL_USER -p -D $MYSQL_DB -B -s -e "$1" | sed "s/'/\'/;s/\t/\",\"/g;s/^/\"/;s/$/\"/;s/\n//g" > $2
echo "Written to $2"

@Paul Tomblin 2008-12-10 16:07:55


SELECT order_id,product_name,qty
FROM orders
WHERE foo = 'bar'
INTO OUTFILE '/var/lib/mysql-files/orders.csv'

Using this command columns names will not be exported.

Also note that /var/lib/mysql-files/orders.csv will be on the server that is running MySQL. The user that the MySQL process is running under must have permissions to write to the directory chosen, or the command will fail.

If you want to write output to your local machine from a remote server (especially a hosted or virtualize machine such as Heroku or Amazon RDS), this solution is not suitable.

@Paul Tomblin 2011-10-22 12:32:26

@TomasT. there are a bunch of solutions below that get you tab delimited instead of CSV. Excel, for instance, can take both CSV and tab delimited, and convert one to the other.

@Michael Butler 2012-03-09 15:40:10

@Tomas if you have access to a remote filesystem and MySQL, you must be able to write somewhere. instead of /tmp, try /home/yourusername/file.csv -- if that fails, and the result set is not that large, you could copy the output from your SSH client and paste to your local machine.

@user694971 2012-07-11 13:00:23

Unfortunately this is not standards-compliant in any way

@Paul Tomblin 2012-07-11 13:28:05

The question specified MySQL, not "standards compliant".

@Bogdan Gusiev 2013-01-25 10:01:04

How to include header as well?

@styfle 2013-02-18 19:43:30

On a Windows machine, the OUTFILE string should escape the backslashes. For example, I used the string 'C:\\wamp\\bin\\mysql\\mysql5.5.24\\bin\\output\\orders.csv'

@petrkotek 2013-06-14 04:35:50

@BogdanGusiev, you can include header by prepending "SELECT 'order_id','product_name','qty' UNION" before the real query. First select query returns header, second query returns real data; UNION joins it together.

@Paul Tomblin 2013-06-14 13:35:54

@BogdanGusiev have a look at…

@Ken Kinder 2013-06-26 15:12:59

@Michael Butler: Well, no, actually. If you're using Amazon RDS, Heroku, or any other hosted solution, you're unlikely to be able to just write to someone else's server.

@Daniel Adenew 2013-07-17 13:00:03

what if you want to use it after joins ? SELECT order_id,product_name,qty FROM orders INTO OUTFILE '/tmp/orders.csv' FIELDS TERMINATED BY ',' ENCLOSED BY '"' LINES TERMINATED BY '\n' join x as x on =

@spiffytech 2013-07-28 16:19:44

@Tomas: I wrote a tool specifically to handle that. See this StackOverflow answer.

@mc0e 2013-10-10 08:19:49

DB administrators should think carefully before allowing the File_priv permission that's required for this approach to work. See…

@Klaas van Schelven 2014-03-25 13:24:01

@TMS, You still need the "grant file" privilege for this, see also…

@Dan Sandland 2014-12-29 18:22:56

If you have a lot of columns and you need them all: SELECT column_name FROM information_schema.columns WHERE table_name = 'orders' INTO OUTFILE '/tmp/orders_columns.csv' FIELDS TERMINATED BY '' ENCLOSED BY '"' LINES TERMINATED BY ',';

@cijagani 2015-08-05 03:15:38

you can use myadmin export option for csv file

@Mukesh 2015-08-18 11:24:05

On windows xampp file location is C:\xampp\mysql\data\<databasename>_<month>\orders.csv ( INTO OUTFILE 'urls1.csv' )

@octopusgrabbus 2015-08-25 14:08:47

Don't forget the permissions thing. I had to put my outfile in /tmp. mysql has no permissions to write into my working directory. Here is my query > select * from daily_reads where DeviceID=80632679 and LoadDateLocal > '2015-06-01 00:00:00' into outfile '/tmp/80632679_reads_since_060115.csv' fields terminated by ',' enclosed by '"' lines terminated by '\r\n';

@Chris Johnson 2016-01-31 19:39:19

This solution only works when you have access to the MYSQL server file system, i.e. you have direct administrative access to that server (and don't mind filling up its drive with data exports). This is not a solution when the user doesn't have access to the server, e.g. the user isn't an admin, or the user is an admin but the database is running remotely e.g. at AWS.

@runamok 2016-08-17 06:09:23

I don't think this works well if you have line breaks or double quotes in your records... There does not seem to be a method to replace " with "" (which I believe is the custom in CSV) in the output without also escaping line breaks as well.

@LancelotHolmes 2016-10-29 06:48:22

@styfle ,well, on windows you can try / as delimiter like 'C:/wamp/bin/mysql/mysql5.5.24/bin/output/orders.csv',it work for me.

@Kemin Zhou 2016-12-02 21:50:37

Be aware, if you have strict settings, you may get this: ERROR 1290 (HY000): The MySQL server is running with the --secure-file-priv option so it cannot execute this statement

@Luke Moore 2016-12-20 21:32:41

If mysql is running with --secure-file-priv you likely can't write to /tmp. Run SHOW VARIABLES LIKE "secure_file_priv"; to see which directory you can write to.

@user7161651 2017-02-27 14:55:05

I have been using [SQLyog] ( to export to csv. It is pretty easy that way.

@Pranav MS 2017-08-21 06:26:28

@PaulTomblin how can i export it with the column name ?

@Kolob Canyon 2017-09-04 21:39:39

What use is a csv without column headers?

@mc0e 2017-10-07 15:59:24

Given that the OP specifically raises the issues that arises with quoting, how is this answer correct? What if there is a " in one of the values?

@Paul Tomblin 2017-10-07 18:09:12

@mc0e I'm pretty sure there is an "ESCAPED BY" clause you can use if you have fields that might have quotes.

@user2426679 2018-09-24 19:04:49

@petrkotek UNION does not guarantee order; your header may end up as footer

@Chloe 2018-12-19 18:50:53

I had to use this to import into Postgres because MySQL uses '\' to escape characters like \" and \\r. \copy table (field1, field2, created_at, updated_at) from 'files/table.csv' with (format csv, header true, escape e'\\'); (I manually inserted a header with Notepad++.)

@brandones 2019-06-22 01:59:10

Every mysql server I touch has a file called /var/lib/mysql-files/orders.csv because every time I need to export to CSV I copy-paste from this answer.

@Dinesh-SriLanka 2019-08-01 13:15:16

Giving error : [HY000][1290] The MySQL server is running with the --secure-file-priv option so it cannot execute this statement

@Ari 2019-11-15 11:12:09

Is there a way to only create the file if the query returns something ? and to not create anything if the row count = 0 ?

@zus 2020-02-19 05:31:10

@PaulTomblin Regard same if i run following query i am getting error. My query : Any help thanks.

@Michael 2020-04-02 19:44:17

Ugh! Is there a way to do this without sending it to a file???

@Paul Tomblin 2020-04-03 11:54:29

@Michael try the syntax about without the INTO OUTFILE part.

@Michael 2020-04-03 16:35:44

@PaulTomblin That gave me an error. Ah well...

@strickli 2012-10-11 15:19:41

Unix/Cygwin only, pipe it through 'tr':

mysql <database> -e "<query here>" | tr '\t' ',' > data.csv

N.B.: This handles neither embedded commas, nor embedded tabs.

@user7610 2012-03-17 08:46:57

If there is PHP installed on the machine you are using, you can write a PHP script to do that. It requires the PHP installation has the MySQL extension installed.

You can call the PHP interpreter from the command line like so:

php --php-ini path/to/php.ini your-script.php

I am including the --php-ini switch, because you may need to use your own PHP configuration that enables the MySQL extension. On PHP 5.3.0+ that extension is enabled by default, so that is no longer necessary to use the configuration to enable it.

Then you can write your export script like any normal PHP script:

    #mysql_connect("localhost", "username", "password") or die(mysql_error());
    mysql_select_db("mydb") or die(mysql_error());

    $result = mysql_query("SELECT * FROM table_with_the_data p WHERE p.type = $typeiwant");

    $result || die(mysql_error());

    while($row = mysql_fetch_row($result)) {
      $comma = false;
      foreach ($row as $item) {

        # Make it comma separated
        if ($comma) {
          echo ',';
        } else {
          $comma = true;

        # Quote the quotes
        $quoted = str_replace("\"", "\"\"", $item);

        # Quote the string
        echo "\"$quoted\"";
        echo "\n";

The advantage of this method is, that it has no problems with varchar and text fields, that have text containing newlines. Those fields are correctly quoted and those newlines in them will be interpreted by the CSV reader as a part of the text, not record separators. That is something that is hard to correct afterwards with sed or so.

@mc0e 2013-10-10 08:57:33

Far from being unnecessarily complicated, this is the only solution here that goes in a direction likely to be correct - albeit with a bit more work. CSV is more complex than it first appears, and you've made a variety of mistakes. eg backslashes in the original. Better to use a library which has worked out all the issues for writing to CSV.

@user7610 2015-11-02 12:51:41

@mc0e Usually you either double the quote or escape the quote. I decided to double the quote, therefore I do not need an escape character. Different software has different ideas about CSV details. For example, LOAD DATA in MySQL indeed treats \ as escape character, whereas Open Office Calc does not. When I wrote the answer I was exporting data into a spreadsheet.

@user7610 2018-10-22 09:04:25

My code handles everything that was needed to export my dataset back in the day ;) Your answer is also a step in the correct direction, but as the first comment there says, it should 1) connect to the sql database from the script directly as well as 2) use a proper csv library.

@Sri Murthy Upadhyayula 2015-06-25 06:50:02

From your command line, you can do this:

mysql -h *hostname* -P *port number* --database=*database_name* -u *username* -p -e *your SQL query* | sed 's/\t/","/g;s/^/"/;s/$/"/;s/\n//g' > *output_file_name.csv*

Credits: Exporting table from Amazon RDS into a csv file

@Elias Escalante 2017-11-07 02:47:56

thats one crazy oneliner . hatsoff

@Michael Cole 2015-05-29 18:36:18

Building on user7610, here is the best way to do it. With mysql outfile there were 60 mins of file ownership and overwriting problems.

It's not cool, but it worked in 5 mins.

php csvdump.php localhost root password database tablename > whatever-you-like.csv


$server = $argv[1];
$user = $argv[2];
$password = $argv[3];
$db = $argv[4];
$table = $argv[5];

mysql_connect($server, $user, $password) or die(mysql_error());
mysql_select_db($db) or die(mysql_error());

// fetch the data
$rows = mysql_query('SELECT * FROM ' . $table);
$rows || die(mysql_error());

// create a file pointer connected to the output stream
$output = fopen('php://output', 'w');

// output the column headings

$fields = [];
for($i = 0; $i < mysql_num_fields($rows); $i++) {
    $field_info = mysql_fetch_field($rows, $i);
    $fields[] = $field_info->name;
fputcsv($output, $fields);

// loop over the rows, outputting them
while ($row = mysql_fetch_assoc($rows)) fputcsv($output, $row);


@John Fiala 2018-04-05 22:01:55

Nice, clean, and works quickly - this is a great solution if you can run PHP in that environment!

@johntellsall 2014-10-23 16:09:02

To expand on previous answers, the following one-liner exports a single table as a tab-separated file. It's suitable for automation, exporting the database every day or so.

mysql -B -D mydatabase -e 'select * from mytable'

Conveniently, we can use the same technique to list out MySQL's tables, and to describe the fields on a single table:

mysql -B -D mydatabase -e 'show tables'

mysql -B -D mydatabase -e 'desc users'

Field   Type    Null    Key Default Extra
id  int(11) NO  PRI NULL    auto_increment
email   varchar(128)    NO  UNI NULL    
lastName    varchar(100)    YES     NULL    
title   varchar(128)    YES UNI NULL    
userName    varchar(128)    YES UNI NULL    
firstName   varchar(100)    YES     NULL    

@DSimon 2015-01-12 21:15:04

To convert to CSV: mysql -B -D mydatabase -e 'select * from mytable' | sed -e 's/\t/,/g'

@awatts 2015-10-20 16:23:18

Using sed -e 's/\t/,/g' is only safe if you are sure that your data doesn't contain any commas or tabs.

@Denilson Sá Maia 2014-05-29 18:14:01

Not exactly as a CSV format, but tee command from MySQL client can be used to save the output into a local file:

tee foobar.txt
SELECT foo FROM bar;

You can disable it using notee.

The problem with SELECT … INTO OUTFILE …; is that it requires permission to write files at the server.

@datalifenyc 2018-05-08 21:53:56

If .csv extension is used instead of .txt, are there any formatting issues to be aware of?

@jkmartindale 2019-06-20 17:24:04

@myidealab Formatting issues arise from commas etc. not being escaped. CSV is a plain text format so there's no formatting issue just from swapping out the extension.

@zloctb 2014-05-07 08:41:04

  1. logic :

CREATE TABLE () (SELECT data FROM other_table ) ENGINE=CSV ;

When you create a CSV table, the server creates a table format file in the database directory. The file begins with the table name and has an .frm extension. The storage engine also creates a data file. Its name begins with the table name and has a .CSV extension. The data file is a plain text file. When you store data into the table, the storage engine saves it into the data file in comma-separated values format.

@Andrew Schulman 2018-01-03 21:53:29

Nice since this is correct without any other adjustments needed.

@lepe 2013-05-16 08:04:06

Using the solution posted by Tim, I created this bash script to facilitate the process (root password is requested, but you can modify the script easily to ask for any other user):


if [ "$1" == "" ];then


echo "MySQL password:"
stty -echo
read PASS
stty echo

mysql -uroot -p$PASS $MCOMM $DBNAME -B -e "SELECT * FROM $TABLE;" | sed "s/'/\'/;s/\t/\",\"/g;s/^/\"/;s/$/\"/;s/\n//g" > $FNAME

It will create a file named: database.table.csv

@Steve 2011-11-10 18:41:05

How about:

mysql your_database -p < my_requests.sql | awk '{print $1","$2}' > out.csv

@Josh 2012-04-11 00:00:04

I really like this one. It is much cleaner, and I like the use of awk. However, I would have probably gone with this: mysql -uUser -pPassword your_database < my_requests.sql | awk 'BEGIN{OFS="=";} {print $1,$2}' > out.csv

@Barun Sharma 2015-04-10 06:17:39

This fails for field values with spaces.

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