By venkatachalam


2009-02-02 12:54:16 8 Comments

How can I redirect the user from one page to another using jQuery or pure JavaScript?

30 comments

@Ryan McGeary 2009-02-03 04:24:09

One does not simply redirect using jQuery

jQuery is not necessary, and window.location.replace(...) will best simulate an HTTP redirect.

window.location.replace(...) is better than using window.location.href, because replace() does not keep the originating page in the session history, meaning the user won't get stuck in a never-ending back-button fiasco.

If you want to simulate someone clicking on a link, use location.href

If you want to simulate an HTTP redirect, use location.replace

For example:

// similar behavior as an HTTP redirect
window.location.replace("http://stackoverflow.com");

// similar behavior as clicking on a link
window.location.href = "http://stackoverflow.com";

@Big Pumpkin 2020-08-09 22:49:04

Is there a way to set a header parameter in the GET request?

@Mark Pieszak - Trilon.io 2012-07-27 14:41:13

Standard "vanilla" JavaScript way to redirect a page

window.location.href = 'newPage.html';

Or more simply: (since window is Global)

location.href = 'newPage.html';

If you are here because you are losing HTTP_REFERER when redirecting, keep reading:

(Otherwise ignore this last part)


The following section is for those using HTTP_REFERER as one of many security measures (although it isn't a great protective measure). If you're using Internet Explorer 8 or lower, these variables get lost when using any form of JavaScript page redirection (location.href, etc.).

Below we are going to implement an alternative for IE8 & lower so that we don't lose HTTP_REFERER. Otherwise, you can almost always simply use window.location.href.

Testing against HTTP_REFERER (URL pasting, session, etc.) can help tell whether a request is legitimate. (Note: there are also ways to work-around / spoof these referrers, as noted by droop's link in the comments)


Simple cross-browser testing solution (fallback to window.location.href for Internet Explorer 9+ and all other browsers)

Usage: redirect('anotherpage.aspx');

function redirect (url) {
    var ua        = navigator.userAgent.toLowerCase(),
        isIE      = ua.indexOf('msie') !== -1,
        version   = parseInt(ua.substr(4, 2), 10);

    // Internet Explorer 8 and lower
    if (isIE && version < 9) {
        var link = document.createElement('a');
        link.href = url;
        document.body.appendChild(link);
        link.click();
    }

    // All other browsers can use the standard window.location.href (they don't lose HTTP_REFERER like Internet Explorer 8 & lower does)
    else { 
        window.location.href = url; 
    }
}

@Kalpesh Panchal 2017-02-23 23:01:28

Using JavaScript:

Method 1:

window.location.href="http://google.com";

Method 2:

window.location.replace("http://google.com");

Using jQuery:

Method 1: $(location)

$(location).attr('href', 'http://google.com');

Method 2: Reusable Function

jQuery.fn.redirectTo = function(url){
    window.location.href = url;
}

jQuery(window).redirectTo("http://google.com");

@SergeDirect 2014-12-26 19:08:21

Original question: "How to redirect using jQuery?", hence the answer implements jQuery >> Complimentary usage case.


To just redirect to a page with JavaScript:

window.location.href = "/contact/";

Or if you need a delay:

setTimeout(function () {
  window.location.href = "/contact/";
}, 2000);   // Time in milliseconds

jQuery allows you to select elements from a web page with ease. You can find anything you want on a page and then use jQuery to add special effects, react to user actions, or show and hide content inside or outside the element you have selected. All these tasks start with knowing how to select an element or an event.

$('a,img').on('click',function(e){
  e.preventDefault();
  $(this).animate({
    opacity: 0 //Put some CSS animation here
  }, 500);
  setTimeout(function(){
    // OK, finished jQuery staff, let's go redirect
    window.location.href = "/contact/";
  },500);
});

Imagine someone wrote a script/plugin with 10000 lines of code. With jQuery you can connect to this code with just a line or two.

@Andrei Todorut 2017-12-22 21:00:58

Using location.replace() will redirect you, but without saving the history of the previous page. This is better to use when a form is submitted.

But when you want to keep your history you have to use location.href=//path.

Examples:

// Form with steps
document.getElementById('#next').onclick = function() {
   window.location.href='/step2' // Iteration of steps;
}

// Go to next step
document.getElementById('#back').onclick = function() {
   window.history.back();
}

// Finish
document.getElementById('#finish').onclick = function() {
   window.location.href = '/success';
}

// On success page
window.onload = function() {
    setTimeout(function() {
       window.location.replace('/home'); // I can't go back to success page by pressing the back button
    },3000);
}

@wild coder 2018-02-14 10:35:50

You can write the Url.Action for the Button click event in the script section as follows.

function onclick() {
    location.href = '@Url.Action("Index", "Home")';
}

@Alessandro Foolish Ciak DAnton 2018-02-17 20:31:42

If you prefer to use pure JavaScript I realized that using of document.location.href = "https://example.com" or window.location.href = "https://example.com" causes compatibility issues in Firefox. Instead try to use:

location.href = "https://example.com";
location.replace("http://example.com");

In my case has solved the problem. Good luck!

@Mustkeem K 2018-03-30 11:43:31

JavaScript is very extensive. If you want to jump to another page you have three options.

 window.location.href='otherpage.com';
 window.location.assign('otherpage.com');
 //and...

 window.location.replace('otherpage.com');

As you want to move to another page, you can use any from these if this is your requirement. However all three options are limited to different situations. Chose wisely according to your requirement.

If you are interested in more knowledge about the concept, you can go through further.

window.location.href; returns the href (URL) of the current page
window.location.hostname; returns the domain name of the web host
window.location.pathname; returns the path and filename of the current page
window.location.protocol; returns the web protocol used (http: or https:)
window.location.assign; loads a new document

@vipul sorathiya 2015-06-16 12:01:53

Simply in JavaScript, you can redirect to a specific page by using the following:

window.location.replace("http://www.test.com");

Or

location.replace("http://www.test.com");

Or

window.location.href = "http://www.test.com";

Using jQuery:

$(window).attr("location","http://www.test.com");

@Vinay Sharma 2013-12-10 10:09:27

You can use it like in the following code where getRequestToForwardPage is the request mapping (URL). You can also use your URL.

function savePopUp(){
    $.blockUI();
    $.ajax({
        url:"GuestHouseProcessor?roomType="+$("#roomType").val(),
        data: $("#popForm").serialize(),
        dataType: "json",
        error: (function() {
            alert("Server Error");
            $.unblockUI();
    }),
    success: function(map) {
        $("#layer1").hide();
        $.unblockUI();
        window.location = "getRequestToForwardPage";
    }
});

This is for the same context of the application.

If you want to use only jquery specific code then following code may help:

 $(location).attr('href',"http://www.google.com");
 $jq(window).attr("location","http://www.google.com");
 $(location).prop('href',"http://www.google.com"); 

@Patrick W. McMahon 2014-08-27 21:50:35

Before I start, jQuery is a JavaScript library used for DOM manipulation. So you should not be using jQuery for a page redirect.

A quote from Jquery.com:

While jQuery might run without major issues in older browser versions, we do not actively test jQuery in them and generally do not fix bugs that may appear in them.

It was found here: https://jquery.com/browser-support/

So jQuery is not an end-all and be-all solution for backwards compatibility.

The following solution using raw JavaScript works in all browsers and have been standard for a long time so you don't need any libraries for cross browser support.

This page will redirect to Google after 3000 milliseconds

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>example</title>
    </head>
    <body>
        <p>You will be redirected to google shortly.</p>
        <script>
            setTimeout(function(){
                window.location.href="http://www.google.com"; // The URL that will be redirected too.
            }, 3000); // The bigger the number the longer the delay.
        </script>
    </body>
</html>

Different options are as follows:

window.location.href="url"; // Simulates normal navigation to a new page
window.location.replace("url"); // Removes current URL from history and replaces it with a new URL
window.location.assign("url"); // Adds new URL to the history stack and redirects to the new URL

window.history.back(); // Simulates a back button click
window.history.go(-1); // Simulates a back button click
window.history.back(-1); // Simulates a back button click
window.navigate("page.html"); // Same as window.location="url"

When using replace, the back button will not go back to the redirect page, as if it was never in the history. If you want the user to be able to go back to the redirect page then use window.location.href or window.location.assign. If you do use an option that lets the user go back to the redirect page, remember that when you enter the redirect page it will redirect you back. So put that into consideration when picking an option for your redirect. Under conditions where the page is only redirecting when an action is done by the user then having the page in the back button history will be okay. But if the page auto redirects then you should use replace so that the user can use the back button without getting forced back to the page the redirect sends.

You can also use meta data to run a page redirect as followed.

META Refresh

<meta http-equiv="refresh" content="0;url=http://evil.com/" />

META Location

<meta http-equiv="location" content="URL=http://evil.com" />

BASE Hijacking

<base href="http://evil.com/" />

Many more methods to redirect your unsuspecting client to a page they may not wish to go can be found on this page (not one of them is reliant on jQuery):

https://code.google.com/p/html5security/wiki/RedirectionMethods

I would also like to point out, people don't like to be randomly redirected. Only redirect people when absolutely needed. If you start redirecting people randomly they will never go to your site again.

The next paragraph is hypothetical:

You also may get reported as a malicious site. If that happens then when people click on a link to your site the users browser may warn them that your site is malicious. What may also happen is search engines may start dropping your rating if people are reporting a bad experience on your site.

Please review Google Webmaster Guidelines about redirects: https://support.google.com/webmasters/answer/2721217?hl=en&ref_topic=6001971

Here is a fun little page that kicks you out of the page.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>Go Away</title>
    </head>
    <body>
        <h1>Go Away</h1>
        <script>
            setTimeout(function(){
                window.history.back();
            }, 3000);
        </script>
    </body>
</html>

If you combine the two page examples together you would have an infant loop of rerouting that will guarantee that your user will never want to use your site ever again.

@Newse 2014-02-16 14:42:55

Should just be able to set using window.location.

Example:

window.location = "https://stackoverflow.com/";

Here is a past post on the subject: How do I redirect to another webpage?

@Boris Guéry 2009-10-28 16:35:36

WARNING: This answer has merely been provided as a possible solution; it is obviously not the best solution, as it requires jQuery. Instead, prefer the pure JavaScript solution.

$(location).attr('href', 'http://stackoverflow.com')

@Andreas 2020-07-23 08:20:11

What if I am already using jQuery on the site? Would the usage of your solution still be considered bad practice?

@Ashish Ratan 2014-01-27 10:11:14

You need to put this line in your code:

$(location).attr("href","http://stackoverflow.com");

If you don't have jQuery, go with JavaScript:

window.location.replace("http://stackoverflow.com");
window.location.href("http://stackoverflow.com");

@Alireza 2017-02-26 13:36:49

Basically jQuery is just a JavaScript framework and for doing some of the things like redirection in this case, you can just use pure JavaScript, so in that case you have 3 options using vanilla JavaScript:

1) Using location replace, this will replace the current history of the page, means that it is not possible to use the back button to go back to the original page.

window.location.replace("http://stackoverflow.com");

2) Using location assign, this will keep the history for you and with using back button, you can go back to the original page:

window.location.assign("http://stackoverflow.com");

3) I recommend using one of those previous ways, but this could be the third option using pure JavaScript:

window.location.href="http://stackoverflow.com";

You can also write a function in jQuery to handle it, but not recommended as it's only one line pure JavaScript function, also you can use all of above functions without window if you are already in the window scope, for example window.location.replace("http://stackoverflow.com"); could be location.replace("http://stackoverflow.com");

Also I show them all on the image below:

location.replace location.assign

@Govind Singh 2014-01-28 04:28:26

There are lots of ways of doing this.

// window.location
window.location.replace('http://www.example.com')
window.location.assign('http://www.example.com')
window.location.href = 'http://www.example.com'
document.location.href = '/path'

// window.history
window.history.back()
window.history.go(-1)

// window.navigate; ONLY for old versions of Internet Explorer
window.navigate('top.jsp')


// Probably no bueno
self.location = 'http://www.example.com';
top.location = 'http://www.example.com';

// jQuery
$(location).attr('href','http://www.example.com')
$(window).attr('location','http://www.example.com')
$(location).prop('href', 'http://www.example.com')

@Inconnu 2016-12-13 10:43:32

In jQuery, use $(location).attr('href', url):

$(document).ready(function(){
    var url = "https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JwMKRevYa_M";
    $(location).attr('href', url); // Using this
});
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>

In raw JavaScript, there are a number of ways to achieve that:

window.location.href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JwMKRevYa_M";

- sets href property explicitly.

window.location = "http://www.GameOfThrones.com";

- does it implicitly Since window.location returns an object, which by default sets its .href property.

window.location.replace("http://www.stackoverflow.com");

- replaces the location of the current window with the new one.

self.location = "http://www.somewebsite.com";

- sets the location of the current window itself.

Here is an example of JavaScript redirecting after a certain time (3 seconds):

<script>
    setTimeout(function() {
        window.location.href = "https://www.youtube.com/";
    }, 3000);
</script>

@Maniruzzaman Akash 2017-05-26 19:23:55

I just add another way:

To redirect for any specific page/links of your site to another page, just add this line of code:

<script>
    if(window.location.href == 'old_url')
    {
        window.location.href="new_url";
    }

    // Another URL redirect
    if(window.location.href == 'old_url2')
    {
        window.location.href="new_url2";
    }
</script>

For a real life example,

<script>
    if(window.location.href == 'https://old-site.com')
    {
        window.location.href="https://new-site.com";
    }

    // Another URL redirect
    if(window.location.href == 'https://old-site.com/simple-post.html')
    {
        window.location.href="https://new-site.com/simple-post.html";
    }
</script>

By using this simple code, you can redirect full site or any single page.

@Mohideen bin Mohammed 2017-06-27 09:36:11

  1. location.assign():

    To assign a route path by passing a path into it.. Assign will give you a history even after the path was assigned.

    Usage Method: value should be passed into it.

    For example: location.assign("http://google.com")

    Enter image description here

  2. location.href

    Can define give a path into it... And it will redirect into a given path once it setup, and it will keep history...

    Usage Method: value should be assign into it.

    For example: location.href = "http://google.com"

  3. location.replace():

    It will help to replace a path if you don't want to keep history. It won't give you a history once you replace its path.

    Usage Method: value should be pass into it.

    For example: location.replace("http://google.com")

    Enter image description here


assign() and href are similar, and both can hold history. assign will work by passing a value and href works by assigning.

You can achieve it using JavaScript itself without using jQuery by assigning,

window.location = "http://google.com"
location.href = "http://google.com"

You can achieve similar thing using jQuery like below. It will do exactly the same like above,

$(window).attr('location', "http://www.google.com");
$(location).attr('href', "http://www.google.com");

You can easily understand the difference between both...

Here is the Location object,

Location API from chrome

@HD.. 2017-08-28 06:01:38

Single Page Application, within the same application route

window.location.pathname = '/stack';

JavaScript:

location.href = "http://stack.com";
window.location = "http://stack.com";

jQuery:

$(location).attr('href', "http://www.stack.com");
$(window).attr('location', "http://www.stack.com");

Angular 4

import { Router } from '@angular/router';
export class NavtabComponent{
    constructor(private router: Router) {
    }
    this.router.navigate(['bookings/taxi']);
}

@Omkaar.K 2017-12-07 22:08:15

In my work experience, JavaScript is much better to redirect.

It depends on how you want to change the location. If you want to log your website in users history, use window.location.href='ur website';. Otherwise to do it without logging in history, use window.location.replace("your website");.

@Patartics Milán 2013-04-25 10:12:24

I also think that location.replace(URL) is the best way, but if you want to notify the search engines about your redirection (they don't analyze JavaScript code to see the redirection) you should add the rel="canonical" meta tag to your website.

Adding a noscript section with a HTML refresh meta tag in it, is also a good solution. I suggest you to use this JavaScript redirection tool to create redirections. It also has Internet Explorer support to pass the HTTP referrer.

Sample code without delay looks like this:

<!-- Place this snippet right after opening the head tag to make it work properly -->

<!-- This code is licensed under GNU GPL v3 -->
<!-- You are allowed to freely copy, distribute and use this code, but removing author credit is strictly prohibited -->
<!-- Generated by http://insider.zone/tools/client-side-url-redirect-generator/ -->

<!-- REDIRECTING STARTS -->
<link rel="canonical" href="https://yourdomain.com/"/>
<noscript>
    <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="0;URL=https://yourdomain.com/">
</noscript>
<!--[if lt IE 9]><script type="text/javascript">var IE_fix=true;</script><![endif]-->
<script type="text/javascript">
    var url = "https://yourdomain.com/";
    if(typeof IE_fix != "undefined") // IE8 and lower fix to pass the http referer
    {
        document.write("redirecting..."); // Don't remove this line or appendChild() will fail because it is called before document.onload to make the redirect as fast as possible. Nobody will see this text, it is only a tech fix.
        var referLink = document.createElement("a");
        referLink.href = url;
        document.body.appendChild(referLink);
        referLink.click();
    }
    else { window.location.replace(url); } // All other browsers
</script>
<!-- Credit goes to http://insider.zone/ -->
<!-- REDIRECTING ENDS -->

@Nikhil Agrawal 2013-12-23 13:35:15

JavaScript provides you many methods to retrieve and change the current URL which is displayed in browser's address bar. All these methods uses the Location object, which is a property of the Window object. You can create a new Location object that has the current URL as follows..

var currentLocation = window.location;

Basic Structure of a URL

<protocol>//<hostname>:<port>/<pathname><search><hash>

enter image description here

  1. Protocol -- Specifies the protocol name be used to access the resource on the Internet. (HTTP (without SSL) or HTTPS (with SSL))

  2. hostname -- Host name specifies the host that owns the resource. For example, www.stackoverflow.com. A server provides services using the name of the host.

  3. port -- A port number used to recognize a specific process to which an Internet or other network message is to be forwarded when it arrives at a server.

  4. pathname -- The path gives info about the specific resource within the host that the Web client wants to access. For example, stackoverflow.com/index.html.

  5. query -- A query string follows the path component, and provides a string of information that the resource can utilize for some purpose (for example, as parameters for a search or as data to be processed).

  6. hash -- The anchor portion of a URL, includes the hash sign (#).

With these Location object properties you can access all of these URL components

  1. hash -Sets or returns the anchor portion of a URL.
  2. host -Sets or returns the hostname and port of a URL.
  3. hostname -Sets or returns the hostname of a URL.
  4. href -Sets or returns the entire URL.
  5. pathname -Sets or returns the path name of a URL.
  6. port -Sets or returns the port number the server uses for a URL.
  7. protocol -Sets or returns the protocol of a URL.
  8. search -Sets or returns the query portion of a URL

Now If you want to change a page or redirect the user to some other page you can use the href property of the Location object like this

You can use the href property of the Location object.

window.location.href = "http://www.stackoverflow.com";

Location Object also have these three methods

  1. assign() -- Loads a new document.
  2. reload() -- Reloads the current document.
  3. replace() -- Replaces the current document with a new one

You can use assign() and replace methods also to redirect to other pages like these

location.assign("http://www.stackoverflow.com");

location.replace("http://www.stackoverflow.com");

How assign() and replace() differs -- The difference between replace() method and assign() method(), is that replace() removes the URL of the current document from the document history, means it is not possible to use the "back" button to navigate back to the original document. So Use the assign() method if you want to load a new document, andwant to give the option to navigate back to the original document.

You can change the location object href property using jQuery also like this

$(location).attr('href',url);

And hence you can redirect the user to some other url.

@Divyesh Kanzariya 2016-03-03 10:50:15

jQuery code to redirect a page or URL

First Way

Here is the jQuery code for redirecting a page. Since, I have put this code on the $(document).ready() function, it will execute as soon as the page is loaded.

var url = "http://stackoverflow.com";
$(location).attr('href',url);

You can even pass a URL directly to the attr() method, instead of using a variable.

Second Way

 window.location.href="http://stackoverflow.com";

You can also code like this (both are same internally):

window.location="http://stackoverflow.com";

If you are curious about the difference between window.location and window.location.href, then you can see that the latter one is setting href property explicitly, while the former one does it implicitly. Since window.location returns an object, which by default sets its .href property.

Third Way

There is another way to redirect a page using JavaScript, the replace() method of window.location object. You can pass a new URL to the replace() method, and it will simulate an HTTP redirect. By the way, remember that window.location.replace() method doesn't put the originating page in the session history, which may affect behavior of the back button. Sometime, it's what you want, so use it carefully.

// Doesn't put originating page in history
window.location.replace("http://stackoverflow.com");

Fourth Way

like attr() method (after jQuery 1.6 introduce)

var url = "http://stackoverflow.com";
$(location).prop('href', url);

@RuNpiXelruN 2017-07-19 11:01:02

If you want to redirect to a route within the same app simply

window.location.pathname = '/examplepath'

would be the way to go.

@lalithkumar 2015-05-22 05:18:11

Javascript:

window.location.href='www.your_url.com';
window.top.location.href='www.your_url.com';
window.location.replace('www.your_url.com');

Jquery:

var url='www.your_url.com';
$(location).attr('href',url);
$(location).prop('href',url);//instead of location you can use window

@sneha 2017-02-09 06:34:03

<script type="text/javascript">
    if(window.location.href === "http://stackoverflow.com") {      
         window.location.replace("https://www.google.co.in/");
       }
</script>

@Nadeem Yasin 2012-10-30 12:15:29

But if someone wants to redirect back to home page then he may use the following snippet.

window.location = window.location.host

It would be helpful if you have three different environments as development, staging, and production.

You can explore this window or window.location object by just putting these words in Chrome Console or Firebug's Console.

@cascading-style 2016-11-23 16:42:09

Use:

function redirect(a) {
    location = a
}

And call it with: redirect([url]);

There's no need for the href after location, as it is implied.

@SantoshK 2016-10-24 09:26:27

You can redirect the page by using the below methods:

  1. By using a meta tag in the head - <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="0;url=http://your-page-url.com" />. Note that content="0;... is used for after how many seconds you need to redirect the page

  2. By using JavaScript: window.location.href = "http://your-page-url.com";

  3. By using jQuery: $(location).attr('href', 'http://yourPage.com/');

@1j01 2017-03-09 17:30:20

There is no reason to use jQuery for this and window. is unnecessary.

@SantoshK 2017-03-10 11:23:18

Where i have used window. in jquery Query Example ? ... if you want to redirect the page through javascript ... than you need to use window.location..

@1j01 2017-03-16 23:34:05

I meant those as separate things: you shouldn't use jQuery for this, and in the JavaScript example, you can simplify window.location.href = to location.href = or even location =.

@SantoshK 2017-03-21 11:01:48

Yes location.href = would be better option to redirect the page -:)

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