By atanamir


2011-04-04 23:50:49 8 Comments

Is there a way to select every nth child that matches (or does not match) an arbitrary selector? For example, I want to select every odd table row, but within a subset of the rows:

table.myClass tr.row:nth-child(odd) {
  ...
}
<table class="myClass">
  <tr>
    <td>Row
  <tr class="row"> <!-- I want this -->
    <td>Row
  <tr class="row">
    <td>Row
  <tr class="row"> <!-- And this -->
    <td>Row
</table>

But :nth-child() just seems to count all the tr elements regardless of whether or not they're of the "row" class, so I end up with the one even "row" element instead of the two I'm looking for. The same thing happens with :nth-of-type().

Can someone explain why?

6 comments

@IrishDubGuy 2019-09-11 15:49:06

All of the questions around using nth-child and skipping hidden tags appear to be redirecting as dupes of this one so I will leave this here. I came across this blog https://blog.blackbam.at/2015/04/09/css-nth-child-selector-ignore-hidden-element/ that uses a clever css approach to make nth-child ignore hidden elements, as follows:

The following CSS adds a margin right to every second visible element no matter which element has the cpw class.

.cpw {
    display:none;
}

.video_prewrap {
    margin-right:20px;
}

.video_prewrap:nth-child(2n) {
    margin-right:0;
}

.cpw ~ .video_prewrap:nth-child(2n) {
    margin-right:20px;
}

.cpw ~ .video_prewrap:nth-child(2n-1) {
    margin-right:0;
}

Hope that helps someone who is following the dupe trail for the ignore hidden elements questions!

@Pocketninja 2019-04-24 06:44:33

Here is your answer

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
  <title>TEST</title>

  <style>

    .block {
      background: #fc0;
      margin-bottom: 10px;
      padding: 10px;
    }
    /* .large > .large-item:nth-of-type(n+5) {
      background: #f00;
    } */

    .large-item ~ .large-item ~ .large-item ~ .large-item ~ .large-item {
      background: #f00;
    }

  </style>
</head>
<body>

<h1>Should be the 6th Hello Block that start red</h1>
<div class="small large">
  <div class="block small-item">Hello block 1</div>
  <div class="block small-item large-item">Hello block 2</div>
  <div class="block small-item large-item">Hello block 3</div>
  <div class="block small-item large-item">Hello block 4</div>
  <div class="block small-item large-item">Hello block 5</div>
  <div class="block small-item large-item">Hello block 6</div>
  <div class="block small-item large-item">Hello block 7</div>
  <div class="block small-item large-item">Hello block 8</div>
</div>

</body>
</html>

@BoltClock 2011-04-05 01:50:30

This is a very common problem that arises due to a misunderstanding of how :nth-child() and :nth-of-type() work. Unfortunately, there is currently no selector-based solution as yet because Selectors does not provide a way to match the nth child that matches an arbitrary selector based on a pattern such as odd-numbered, even-numbered or any an+b where a != 1 and b != 0. This extends beyond just class selectors, to attribute selectors, negations, and more complex combinations of simple selectors.

The :nth-child() pseudo-class counts elements among all of their siblings under the same parent. It does not count only the siblings that match the rest of the selector. Similarly, the :nth-of-type() pseudo-class counts siblings sharing the same element type, which refers to the tag name in HTML, and not the rest of the selector.

This also means that if all the children of the same parent are of the same element type, for example in the case of a table body whose only children are tr elements or a list element whose only children are li elements, then :nth-child() and :nth-of-type() will behave identically, i.e. for every value of an+b, :nth-child(an+b) and :nth-of-type(an+b) will match the same set of elements.

In fact, all simple selectors in a given compound selector, including pseudo-classes such as :nth-child() and :not(), work independently of one another, rather than looking at the subset of elements that are matched by the rest of the selector.

This also implies that there is no notion of order among simple selectors within each individual compound selector1, which means for example the following two selectors are equivalent:

table.myClass tr.row:nth-child(odd)
table.myClass tr:nth-child(odd).row

Translated to English, they both mean:

Select any tr element that matches all of the following independent conditions:

  • it is an odd-numbered child of its parent;
  • it has the class "row"; and
  • it is a descendant of a table element that has the class "myClass".

(you'll notice my use of an unordered list here, just to drive the point home)

Because there is currently no pure CSS solution, you'll have to use a script to filter elements and apply styles or extra class names accordingly. For example, the following is a common workaround using jQuery (assuming there is only one row group populated with tr elements within the table):

$('table.myClass').each(function() {
  // Note that, confusingly, jQuery's filter pseudos are 0-indexed
  // while CSS :nth-child() is 1-indexed
  $('tr.row:even').addClass('odd');
});

With the corresponding CSS:

table.myClass tr.row.odd {
  ...
}

If you're using automated testing tools such as Selenium or processing HTML with tools like lxml, many of these tools allow XPath as an alternative:

//table[contains(concat(' ', @class, ' '), ' myClass ')]//tr[contains(concat(' ', @class, ' '), ' row ')][position() mod 2)=1]

Other solutions using different technologies are left as an exercise to the reader; this is just a brief, contrived example for illustration.


For what it's worth, there is a proposal for an extension to the :nth-child() notation to be added to Selectors level 4 for the specific purpose of selecting every nth child matching a given selector.2

The selector by which to filter matches is provided as an argument to :nth-child(), again due to how selectors operate independently of one another in a sequence as dictated by the existing selector syntax. So in your case, it would look like this:

table.myClass tr:nth-child(odd of .row)

(An astute reader will note right away that this ought to be :nth-child(odd of tr.row) instead, since the simple selectors tr and :nth-child() operate independently of one another as well. This is one of the problems with functional pseudo-classes that accept selectors, a can of worms I'd rather not open in the middle of this answer. Instead I'm going to go with the assumption that most sites will not have any other elements than tr elements as siblings of one another in a table body, which would make either option functionally equivalent.)

Of course, being a brand new proposal in a brand new specification, this probably won't see implementation until a few years down the road. In the meantime, you'll have to stick with using a script, as above.


1 If you specify a type or universal selector, it must come first. This does not change how selectors fundamentally work, however; it's nothing more than a syntactic quirk.

2 This was originally proposed as :nth-match(), however because it still counts an element relative only to its siblings, and not to every other element that matches the given selector, it has since as of 2014 been repurposed as an extension to the existing :nth-child() instead.

@The Red Pea 2016-08-28 00:40:35

"(you'll notice my use of an unordered list here, just to drive the point home)" I wish more people were that deliberate about their use of ordered vs unordered bullets. Thank you for your answer.

@BoltClock 2016-08-28 07:15:08

@The Red Pea: One of my biggest HTML pet peeves: "In order from highest/lowest to lowest/highest:" followed by an unordered list. I mean come on, seriously?

@the8472 2016-11-04 23:27:07

You may be able to do that with xpath. something like //tr[contains(@class, 'row') and position() mod 2 = 0] might work. There are other SO questions expanding on the details how to match classes more precisely.

@Gaurav Aggarwal 2016-08-04 10:41:42

nth-of-type works according to the index of same type of the element but nth-child works only according to index no matter what type of siblings elements are.

For example

<div class="one">...</div>
<div class="two">...</div>
<div class="three">...</div>
<div class="four">...</div>
<div class="five">...</div>
<div class="rest">...</div>
<div class="rest">...</div>
<div class="rest">...</div>
<div class="rest">...</div>
<div class="rest">...</div>

Suppose in above html we want to hide all the elements having rest class.

In this case nth-child and nth-of-type will work exactly same as all the element are of same type that is <div> so css should be

.rest:nth-child(6), .rest:nth-child(7), .rest:nth-child(8), .rest:nth-child(9), .rest:nth-child(10){
    display:none;
}

OR

.rest:nth-of-type(6), .rest:nth-of-type(7), .rest:nth-of-type(8), .rest:nth-of-type(9), .rest:nth-of-type(10){
    display:none;
}

Now you must be wondering what is the difference between nth-child and nth-of-type so this is the difference

Suppose the html is

<div class="one">...</div>
<div class="two">...</div>
<div class="three">...</div>
<div class="four">...</div>
<div class="five">...</div>
<p class="rest">...</p>
<p class="rest">...</p>
<p class="rest">...</p>
<p class="rest">...</p>
<p class="rest">...</p>

In the above html the type of .rest element is different from others .rest are paragraphs and others are div so in this case if you use nth-child you have to write like this

.rest:nth-child(6), .rest:nth-child(7), .rest:nth-child(8), .rest:nth-child(9), .rest:nth-child(10){
    display:none;
}

but if you use nth-of-type css can be this

.rest:nth-of-type(1), .rest:nth-of-type(2), .rest:nth-of-type(3), .rest:nth-of-type(4), .rest:nth-of-type(5){
    display:none;
}

As type of .rest element is <p> so here nth-of-type is detecting the type of .rest and then he applied css on the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th element of <p>.

@Alexis Wilke 2016-10-12 21:07:03

How useful is that for <tr> tags?

@Gabriele Petrioli 2011-04-05 00:10:06

Not really..

quote from the docs

The :nth-child pseudo-class matches an element that has an+b-1 siblings before it in the document tree, for a given positive or zero value for n, and has a parent element.

It is a selector of its own and does not combine with classes. In your rule it just has to satisfy both selector at the same time, so it will show the :nth-child(even) table rows if they also happen to have the .row class.

Related Questions

Sponsored Content

2 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] CSS Partial selectors with nth-of-type

0 Answered Questions

nth-child selecting wrong child

0 Answered Questions

Pseudo-selector combination with nth-child

  • 2018-12-05 21:12:17
  • arvymetal
  • 33 View
  • 0 Score
  • 0 Answer
  • Tags:   html css

4 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] :nth-of-type selector overrides all other CSS selectors

1 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] nth-child based in element index

  • 2016-11-20 17:28:26
  • semsem
  • 268 View
  • 1 Score
  • 1 Answer
  • Tags:   css css3

1 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] CSS3 :nth-child(odd) Selector neither selecting columns nor rows

  • 2016-09-30 15:24:49
  • gthadi
  • 90 View
  • -2 Score
  • 1 Answer
  • Tags:   html css3

1 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] Select only the middle using nth(child, of-type,)

3 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] How does the CSS3 :nth-child() Selector work?

  • 2016-04-27 14:01:52
  • Jay
  • 567 View
  • -2 Score
  • 3 Answer
  • Tags:   css css3

2 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] Css3 nth-child selector don't act the way expected

2 Answered Questions

[SOLVED] Why does the the :last-child selector only selects the "lastest child"?

Sponsored Content