By dr. evil


2009-02-19 18:03:01 8 Comments

Is there any class, library or some piece of code which will help me to upload files with HTTPWebrequest?

Edit 2:

I do not want to upload to a WebDAV folder or something like that. I want to simulate a browser, so just like you upload your avatar to a forum or upload a file via form in a web application. Upload to a form which uses a multipart/form-data.

Edit:

WebClient is not cover my requirements, so I'm looking for a solution with HTTPWebrequest.

20 comments

@Joshcodes 2013-06-04 18:40:38

UPDATE: Using .NET 4.5 (or .NET 4.0 by adding the Microsoft.Net.Http package from NuGet) this is possible without external code, extensions, and "low level" HTTP manipulation. Here is an example:

// Perform the equivalent of posting a form with a filename and two files, in HTML:
// <form action="{url}" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
//     <input type="text" name="filename" />
//     <input type="file" name="file1" />
//     <input type="file" name="file2" />
// </form>
private async Task<System.IO.Stream> UploadAsync(string url, string filename, Stream fileStream, byte [] fileBytes)
{
    // Convert each of the three inputs into HttpContent objects

    HttpContent stringContent = new StringContent(filename);
    // examples of converting both Stream and byte [] to HttpContent objects
    // representing input type file
    HttpContent fileStreamContent = new StreamContent(fileStream);
    HttpContent bytesContent = new ByteArrayContent(fileBytes);

    // Submit the form using HttpClient and 
    // create form data as Multipart (enctype="multipart/form-data")

    using (var client = new HttpClient())
    using (var formData = new MultipartFormDataContent()) 
    {
        // Add the HttpContent objects to the form data

        // <input type="text" name="filename" />
        formData.Add(stringContent, "filename", "filename");
        // <input type="file" name="file1" />
        formData.Add(fileStreamContent, "file1", "file1");
        // <input type="file" name="file2" />
        formData.Add(bytesContent, "file2", "file2");

        // Invoke the request to the server

        // equivalent to pressing the submit button on
        // a form with attributes (action="{url}" method="post")
        var response = await client.PostAsync(url, formData);

        // ensure the request was a success
        if (!response.IsSuccessStatusCode)
        {
            return null;
        }
        return await response.Content.ReadAsStreamAsync();
    }
}

@CCondron 2013-07-18 14:41:24

4.0 is all you need for this.

@Code Monkey 2013-08-30 14:39:50

I believe 4.5 not 4.0...? msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/…

@amolbk 2013-09-19 09:42:11

Can be used with 4.0 using Microsoft.Net.Http NuGet package. See: stackoverflow.com/questions/11145053/….

@JasonRShaver 2013-10-05 03:32:43

This ends up being a really easy way to to do some pretty powerful stuff, including setting custom headers for each form part.

@Nick Pearce 2013-10-23 22:26:25

You can still add cookies with this method by defining the handler e.g. var cookieContainer = new CookieContainer(); cookieContainer.Add(new Cookie("authToken", AuthToken, "", Domain)); using (var handler = new HttpClientHandler() { CookieContainer = cookieContainer }) using (var client = new HttpClient(handler))

@Eman 2014-03-05 20:19:36

-1 for naming a parameter param1, that's just horrible coding practice.

@Joshcodes 2014-03-05 22:04:02

@php-jquery-programmer, it's generic example code so the parameters have generic names. Think of "param1" as "your_well_named_param_here" and please reconsider your -1.

@Joshcodes 2014-03-14 14:12:08

What do you suggest instead of param1?

@Eman 2014-03-25 13:45:51

something useful so that the user who looks at this know what should be there, param1 means nothing and looks bad.

@Joshcodes 2014-03-25 14:01:46

Give me a suggestion to change it to bro. Does "filename" work for you?

@Hot Licks 2014-08-20 21:43:50

This might be useful if it were at all intelligible. A few comments might help.

@Joshcodes 2014-08-25 12:56:15

@php-jquery-programmer, thanks for the feedback, +1 now?

@RichieRich 2015-05-01 03:35:29

Using this to post to formidable on node, the file would just go as field data, not file data. Had to add double-quotes around the field name and file name like "/"file1/""

@Joshcodes 2018-06-19 13:12:55

Thanks @Mo Star, I missed the Task wrapper when changing the example to async.

@Mo Star 2018-06-19 13:15:56

No... @Joshcodes thank you for the answer! A minor amendment.

@A br 2019-09-26 02:34:53

This doesn't support large files because HttpClient has a 2GB limit (because it sucks)

@Tran Anh Hien 2017-02-14 09:20:02

Client use convert File to ToBase64String, after use Xml to promulgate to Server call, this server use File.WriteAllBytes(path,Convert.FromBase64String(dataFile_Client_sent)).

Good lucky!

@feroze 2016-09-18 05:20:03

I wrote a class using WebClient way back when to do multipart form upload.

http://ferozedaud.blogspot.com/2010/03/multipart-form-upload-helper.html

/// 
/// MimePart
/// Abstract class for all MimeParts
/// 

abstract class MimePart
{
    public string Name { get; set; }

    public abstract string ContentDisposition { get; }

    public abstract string ContentType { get; }

    public abstract void CopyTo(Stream stream);

    public String Boundary
    {
        get;
        set;
    }
}

class NameValuePart : MimePart
{
    private NameValueCollection nameValues;

    public NameValuePart(NameValueCollection nameValues)
    {
        this.nameValues = nameValues;
    }

    public override void CopyTo(Stream stream)
    {
        string boundary = this.Boundary;
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();

        foreach (object element in this.nameValues.Keys)
        {
            sb.AppendFormat("--{0}", boundary);
            sb.Append("\r\n");
            sb.AppendFormat("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"{0}\";", element);
            sb.Append("\r\n");
            sb.Append("\r\n");
            sb.Append(this.nameValues[element.ToString()]);

            sb.Append("\r\n");

        }

        sb.AppendFormat("--{0}", boundary);
        sb.Append("\r\n");

        //Trace.WriteLine(sb.ToString());
        byte [] data = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(sb.ToString());
        stream.Write(data, 0, data.Length);
    }

    public override string ContentDisposition
    {
        get { return "form-data"; }
    }

    public override string ContentType
    {
        get { return String.Empty; }
    }
} 

class FilePart : MimePart

{

    private Stream input;

    private String contentType;



    public FilePart(Stream input, String name, String contentType)

    {

        this.input = input;

        this.contentType = contentType;

        this.Name = name;

    }



    public override void CopyTo(Stream stream)

    {

        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();

        sb.AppendFormat("Content-Disposition: {0}", this.ContentDisposition);

        if (this.Name != null)

            sb.Append("; ").AppendFormat("name=\"{0}\"", this.Name);

        if (this.FileName != null)

            sb.Append("; ").AppendFormat("filename=\"{0}\"", this.FileName);

        sb.Append("\r\n");

        sb.AppendFormat(this.ContentType);

        sb.Append("\r\n");

        sb.Append("\r\n");



    // serialize the header data.

    byte[] buffer = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(sb.ToString());

    stream.Write(buffer, 0, buffer.Length);



    // send the stream.

    byte[] readBuffer = new byte[1024];

    int read = input.Read(readBuffer, 0, readBuffer.Length);

    while (read > 0)

    {

        stream.Write(readBuffer, 0, read);

        read = input.Read(readBuffer, 0, readBuffer.Length);

    }



    // write the terminating boundary

    sb.Length = 0;

    sb.Append("\r\n");

    sb.AppendFormat("--{0}", this.Boundary);

    sb.Append("\r\n");

    buffer = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(sb.ToString());

    stream.Write(buffer, 0, buffer.Length);



}

 public override string ContentDisposition
 {
      get { return "file"; }
 }



 public override string ContentType
 {
    get { 
       return String.Format("content-type: {0}", this.contentType); 
     }
 }

 public String FileName { get; set; }

}

    /// 
    /// Helper class that encapsulates all file uploads
    /// in a mime part.
    /// 

    class FilesCollection : MimePart
    {
        private List files;

        public FilesCollection()
        {
            this.files = new List();
            this.Boundary = MultipartHelper.GetBoundary();
        }

        public int Count
        {
            get { return this.files.Count; }
        }

        public override string ContentDisposition
        {
            get
            {
                return String.Format("form-data; name=\"{0}\"", this.Name);
            }
        }

        public override string ContentType
        {
            get { return String.Format("multipart/mixed; boundary={0}", this.Boundary); }
        }

        public override void CopyTo(Stream stream)
        {
            // serialize the headers
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(128);
            sb.Append("Content-Disposition: ").Append(this.ContentDisposition).Append("\r\n");
            sb.Append("Content-Type: ").Append(this.ContentType).Append("\r\n");
            sb.Append("\r\n");
            sb.AppendFormat("--{0}", this.Boundary).Append("\r\n");

            byte[] headerBytes = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(sb.ToString());
            stream.Write(headerBytes, 0, headerBytes.Length);
            foreach (FilePart part in files)
            {
                part.Boundary = this.Boundary;
                part.CopyTo(stream);
            }
        }

        public void Add(FilePart part)
        {
            this.files.Add(part);
        }
    }

/// 
/// Helper class to aid in uploading multipart
/// entities to HTTP web endpoints.
/// 

class MultipartHelper
{
    private static Random random = new Random(Environment.TickCount);

    private List formData = new List();
    private FilesCollection files = null;
    private MemoryStream bufferStream = new MemoryStream();
    private string boundary;

    public String Boundary { get { return boundary; } }

    public static String GetBoundary()
    {
        return Environment.TickCount.ToString("X");
    }

    public MultipartHelper()
    {
        this.boundary = MultipartHelper.GetBoundary();
    }

    public void Add(NameValuePart part)
    {
        this.formData.Add(part);
        part.Boundary = boundary;
    }

    public void Add(FilePart part)
    {
        if (files == null)
        {
            files = new FilesCollection();
        }
        this.files.Add(part);
    }

    public void Upload(WebClient client, string address, string method)
    {
        // set header
        client.Headers.Add(HttpRequestHeader.ContentType, "multipart/form-data; boundary=" + this.boundary);
        Trace.WriteLine("Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=" + this.boundary + "\r\n");

        // first, serialize the form data
        foreach (NameValuePart part in this.formData)
        {
            part.CopyTo(bufferStream);
        }

        // serialize the files.
        this.files.CopyTo(bufferStream);

        if (this.files.Count > 0)
        {
            // add the terminating boundary.
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
            sb.AppendFormat("--{0}", this.Boundary).Append("\r\n");
            byte [] buffer = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(sb.ToString());
            bufferStream.Write(buffer, 0, buffer.Length);
        }

        bufferStream.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.Begin);

        Trace.WriteLine(Encoding.ASCII.GetString(bufferStream.ToArray()));
        byte [] response = client.UploadData(address, method, bufferStream.ToArray());
        Trace.WriteLine("----- RESPONSE ------");
        Trace.WriteLine(Encoding.ASCII.GetString(response));
    }

    /// 
    /// Helper class that encapsulates all file uploads
    /// in a mime part.
    /// 

    class FilesCollection : MimePart
    {
        private List files;

        public FilesCollection()
        {
            this.files = new List();
            this.Boundary = MultipartHelper.GetBoundary();
        }

        public int Count
        {
            get { return this.files.Count; }
        }

        public override string ContentDisposition
        {
            get
            {
                return String.Format("form-data; name=\"{0}\"", this.Name);
            }
        }

        public override string ContentType
        {
            get { return String.Format("multipart/mixed; boundary={0}", this.Boundary); }
        }

        public override void CopyTo(Stream stream)
        {
            // serialize the headers
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(128);
            sb.Append("Content-Disposition: ").Append(this.ContentDisposition).Append("\r\n");
            sb.Append("Content-Type: ").Append(this.ContentType).Append("\r\n");
            sb.Append("\r\n");
            sb.AppendFormat("--{0}", this.Boundary).Append("\r\n");

            byte[] headerBytes = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(sb.ToString());
            stream.Write(headerBytes, 0, headerBytes.Length);
            foreach (FilePart part in files)
            {
                part.Boundary = this.Boundary;
                part.CopyTo(stream);
            }
        }

        public void Add(FilePart part)
        {
            this.files.Add(part);
        }
    }
}

class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        Trace.Listeners.Add(new ConsoleTraceListener());
        try
        {
            using (StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter("testfile.txt", false))
            {
                sw.Write("Hello there!");
            }

            using (Stream iniStream = File.OpenRead(@"c:\platform.ini"))
            using (Stream fileStream = File.OpenRead("testfile.txt"))
            using (WebClient client = new WebClient())
            {
                MultipartHelper helper = new MultipartHelper();

                NameValueCollection props = new NameValueCollection();
                props.Add("fname", "john");
                props.Add("id", "acme");
                helper.Add(new NameValuePart(props));

                FilePart filepart = new FilePart(fileStream, "pics1", "text/plain");
                filepart.FileName = "1.jpg";
                helper.Add(filepart);

                FilePart ini = new FilePart(iniStream, "pics2", "text/plain");
                ini.FileName = "inifile.ini";
                helper.Add(ini);

                helper.Upload(client, "http://localhost/form.aspx", "POST");
            }
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Trace.WriteLine(e);
        }
    }
}

This will work with all versions of the .NET framework.

@Chris Hynes 2009-04-23 17:34:46

My ASP.NET Upload FAQ has an article on this, with example code: Upload files using an RFC 1867 POST request with HttpWebRequest/WebClient. This code doesn't load files into memory (as opposed to the code above), supports multiple files, and supports form values, setting credentials and cookies, etc.

Edit: looks like Axosoft took down the page. Thanks guys.

It's still accessible via archive.org.

@dr. evil 2009-04-23 17:53:52

Thanks for the link Chris I actually implemented the other one into my own library and added those support (other than memory). Also converted to VB.NET already :)

@flipdoubt 2011-08-24 16:47:48

Thanks, Chris. This helped a ton!

@Bob Denny 2012-05-11 03:17:54

First class solution! Thanks very much.

@Chris Hynes 2016-07-06 22:56:27

Thanks for the heads up! Unfortunately, I don't have control of that site. I found the page (including source code) on archive.org and updated the link accordingly.

@dr. evil 2009-02-19 22:11:13

I was looking for something like this, Found in : http://bytes.com/groups/net-c/268661-how-upload-file-via-c-code (modified for correctness):

public static string UploadFilesToRemoteUrl(string url, string[] files, NameValueCollection formFields = null)
{
    string boundary = "----------------------------" + DateTime.Now.Ticks.ToString("x");

    HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest) WebRequest.Create(url);
    request.ContentType = "multipart/form-data; boundary=" +
                            boundary;
    request.Method = "POST";
    request.KeepAlive = true;

    Stream memStream = new System.IO.MemoryStream();

    var boundarybytes = System.Text.Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("\r\n--" +
                                                            boundary + "\r\n");
    var endBoundaryBytes = System.Text.Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("\r\n--" +
                                                                boundary + "--");


    string formdataTemplate = "\r\n--" + boundary +
                                "\r\nContent-Disposition: form-data; name=\"{0}\";\r\n\r\n{1}";

    if (formFields != null)
    {
        foreach (string key in formFields.Keys)
        {
            string formitem = string.Format(formdataTemplate, key, formFields[key]);
            byte[] formitembytes = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(formitem);
            memStream.Write(formitembytes, 0, formitembytes.Length);
        }
    }

    string headerTemplate =
        "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"{0}\"; filename=\"{1}\"\r\n" +
        "Content-Type: application/octet-stream\r\n\r\n";

    for (int i = 0; i < files.Length; i++)
    {
        memStream.Write(boundarybytes, 0, boundarybytes.Length);
        var header = string.Format(headerTemplate, "uplTheFile", files[i]);
        var headerbytes = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(header);

        memStream.Write(headerbytes, 0, headerbytes.Length);

        using (var fileStream = new FileStream(files[i], FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read))
        {
            var buffer = new byte[1024];
            var bytesRead = 0;
            while ((bytesRead = fileStream.Read(buffer, 0, buffer.Length)) != 0)
            {
                memStream.Write(buffer, 0, bytesRead);
            }
        }
    }

    memStream.Write(endBoundaryBytes, 0, endBoundaryBytes.Length);
    request.ContentLength = memStream.Length;

    using (Stream requestStream = request.GetRequestStream())
    {
        memStream.Position = 0;
        byte[] tempBuffer = new byte[memStream.Length];
        memStream.Read(tempBuffer, 0, tempBuffer.Length);
        memStream.Close();
        requestStream.Write(tempBuffer, 0, tempBuffer.Length);
    }

    using (var response = request.GetResponse())
    {
        Stream stream2 = response.GetResponseStream();
        StreamReader reader2 = new StreamReader(stream2);
        return reader2.ReadToEnd();
    }
}

@John Clayton 2009-08-21 21:55:19

FYI...you can refactor out the intermediate MemoryStream and write directly to the request stream. The key is to be sure to close the request stream when you're done, which sets the content length of the request for you!

@Karl B 2010-02-19 13:53:08

That worked for me once I removed an extra space. "r\n Content-Type: application/octet-stream" needed to be "\r\nContent-Type: application/octet-stream".

@Hugo Estrada 2010-07-15 16:33:36

I also found that the double \r\n at the end of headers can cause problems. Removing one of them fixed my problems.

@CVertex 2010-09-29 03:38:15

Okay, this code didn't work for me, but code an Christian worked perfectly for me first go - stackoverflow.com/questions/566462/… -- I was testing against cgi-lib.berkeley.edu/ex/fup.html

@Felipe Fujiy Pessoto 2010-12-14 12:54:49

Thanks! You saved my life hehehe

@soutarm 2011-08-16 06:34:51

I know this is an "old" answered question but I was only just this week attempting to do this. With the current .NET framework you can do all of this in 3 lines of code... WebClient client = new WebClient(); byte[] responseBinary = client.UploadFile(url, file); string result = Encoding.UTF8.GetString(responseBinary);

@Salman A 2012-02-05 16:46:32

If you're uploading multiple files but end up getting only one, modify the line where there is a hard coded "uplTheFile"... change it to something different for each file (e.g. file1, file2 etc)

@jimmyjambles 2012-07-30 17:18:43

In order to get this working, I needed to add a semicolon before content-type in the headerTemplate

@andrea 2012-10-23 17:52:12

I tried this code, but I got 2 errors: the first one (non bloking) is that the lenght and position field in the requestStream throw this exception "This stream does not support seek operations" but the application does not stop, the second one is raised by httpWebRequest2.GetResponse() telling "The remote server returned an error: (405) Method Not Allowed". I think this one is about permission on the server folder, am I correct?

@Mark 2013-01-17 22:57:20

Awesome - worked great! I modified it to use a Dictionary<string, string> so I could specify the field names for each file (necessary for my purposes). Thanks!

@Sudha 2013-03-28 11:13:46

This code worked for me. Can anybody explain me about "string logpath and NameValueCollection nvc" used in the above code. What can be the values of these parameters and for what its used..

@Keerthi Kumar 2015-06-22 07:45:47

Can any one please tell me what is 405 error am getting for this code?

@andrewf 2016-06-03 07:49:44

@Sudha, logpath is unused (so could be removed), and NameValueCollection nvc is for adding other values to the form, in addition to the uploaded files.

@KumarHarsh 2018-10-09 08:23:42

binary file get corrupted using above code.any fix ?

@Ogglas 2016-04-26 06:15:54

Modified @CristianRomanescu code to work with memory stream, accept file as a byte array, allow null nvc, return request response and work with Authorization-header. Tested the code with Web Api 2.

private string HttpUploadFile(string url, byte[] file, string fileName, string paramName, string contentType, NameValueCollection nvc, string authorizationHeader)
{
    string boundary = "---------------------------" + DateTime.Now.Ticks.ToString("x");
    byte[] boundarybytes = System.Text.Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("\r\n--" + boundary + "\r\n");

    HttpWebRequest wr = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(url);
    wr.ContentType = "multipart/form-data; boundary=" + boundary;
    wr.Method = "POST";
    wr.Headers.Add("Authorization", authorizationHeader);
    wr.KeepAlive = true;

    Stream rs = wr.GetRequestStream();

    string formdataTemplate = "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"{0}\"\r\n\r\n{1}";
    if (nvc != null)
    {
        foreach (string key in nvc.Keys)
        {
            rs.Write(boundarybytes, 0, boundarybytes.Length);
            string formitem = string.Format(formdataTemplate, key, nvc[key]);
            byte[] formitembytes = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(formitem);
            rs.Write(formitembytes, 0, formitembytes.Length);
        }
    }

    rs.Write(boundarybytes, 0, boundarybytes.Length);

    string headerTemplate = "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"{0}\"; filename=\"{1}\"\r\nContent-Type: {2}\r\n\r\n";
    string header = string.Format(headerTemplate, paramName, fileName, contentType);
    byte[] headerbytes = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(header);
    rs.Write(headerbytes, 0, headerbytes.Length);

    rs.Write(file, 0, file.Length);

    byte[] trailer = System.Text.Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("\r\n--" + boundary + "--\r\n");
    rs.Write(trailer, 0, trailer.Length);
    rs.Close();

    WebResponse wresp = null;
    try
    {
        wresp = wr.GetResponse();
        Stream stream2 = wresp.GetResponseStream();
        StreamReader reader2 = new StreamReader(stream2);
        var response = reader2.ReadToEnd();
        return response;
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        if (wresp != null)
        {
            wresp.Close();
            wresp = null;
        }
        return null;
    }
    finally
    {
        wr = null;
    }
}

Testcode:

[HttpPost]
[Route("postformdata")]
public IHttpActionResult PostFormData()
{
    // Check if the request contains multipart/form-data.
    if (!Request.Content.IsMimeMultipartContent())
    {
        throw new HttpResponseException(HttpStatusCode.UnsupportedMediaType);
    }

    var provider = new MultipartMemoryStreamProvider();

    try
    {
        // Read the form data.
        var result = Request.Content.ReadAsMultipartAsync(provider).Result;
        string response = "";
        // This illustrates how to get the file names.
        foreach (var file in provider.Contents)
        {
            var fileName = file.Headers.ContentDisposition.FileName.Trim('\"');
            var buffer =  file.ReadAsByteArrayAsync().Result;
            response = HttpUploadFile("https://localhost/api/v1/createfromfile", buffer, fileName, "file", "application/pdf", null, "AuthorizationKey");
        }
        return Ok(response);
    }
    catch (System.Exception e)
    {
        return InternalServerError();
    }
}

@Dicer 2017-03-17 16:35:05

Worked well for me - I needed to upload with a byte[]. Thanks!

@Keith Walton 2010-11-22 23:36:47

VB Example (converted from C# example on another post):

Private Sub HttpUploadFile( _
    ByVal uri As String, _
    ByVal filePath As String, _
    ByVal fileParameterName As String, _
    ByVal contentType As String, _
    ByVal otherParameters As Specialized.NameValueCollection)

    Dim boundary As String = "---------------------------" & DateTime.Now.Ticks.ToString("x")
    Dim newLine As String = System.Environment.NewLine
    Dim boundaryBytes As Byte() = Text.Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(newLine & "--" & boundary & newLine)
    Dim request As Net.HttpWebRequest = Net.WebRequest.Create(uri)

    request.ContentType = "multipart/form-data; boundary=" & boundary
    request.Method = "POST"
    request.KeepAlive = True
    request.Credentials = Net.CredentialCache.DefaultCredentials

    Using requestStream As IO.Stream = request.GetRequestStream()

        Dim formDataTemplate As String = "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=""{0}""{1}{1}{2}"

        For Each key As String In otherParameters.Keys

            requestStream.Write(boundaryBytes, 0, boundaryBytes.Length)
            Dim formItem As String = String.Format(formDataTemplate, key, newLine, otherParameters(key))
            Dim formItemBytes As Byte() = Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(formItem)
            requestStream.Write(formItemBytes, 0, formItemBytes.Length)

        Next key

        requestStream.Write(boundaryBytes, 0, boundaryBytes.Length)

        Dim headerTemplate As String = "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=""{0}""; filename=""{1}""{2}Content-Type: {3}{2}{2}"
        Dim header As String = String.Format(headerTemplate, fileParameterName, filePath, newLine, contentType)
        Dim headerBytes As Byte() = Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(header)
        requestStream.Write(headerBytes, 0, headerBytes.Length)

        Using fileStream As New IO.FileStream(filePath, IO.FileMode.Open, IO.FileAccess.Read)

            Dim buffer(4096) As Byte
            Dim bytesRead As Int32 = fileStream.Read(buffer, 0, buffer.Length)

            Do While (bytesRead > 0)

                requestStream.Write(buffer, 0, bytesRead)
                bytesRead = fileStream.Read(buffer, 0, buffer.Length)

            Loop

        End Using

        Dim trailer As Byte() = Text.Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(newLine & "--" + boundary + "--" & newLine)
        requestStream.Write(trailer, 0, trailer.Length)

    End Using

    Dim response As Net.WebResponse = Nothing

    Try

        response = request.GetResponse()

        Using responseStream As IO.Stream = response.GetResponseStream()

            Using responseReader As New IO.StreamReader(responseStream)

                Dim responseText = responseReader.ReadToEnd()
                Diagnostics.Debug.Write(responseText)

            End Using

        End Using

    Catch exception As Net.WebException

        response = exception.Response

        If (response IsNot Nothing) Then

            Using reader As New IO.StreamReader(response.GetResponseStream())

                Dim responseText = reader.ReadToEnd()
                Diagnostics.Debug.Write(responseText)

            End Using

            response.Close()

        End If

    Finally

        request = Nothing

    End Try

End Sub

@Halima 2015-03-27 12:19:08

I was looking to do file upload and add some parameters to a multipart/form-data request in VB.NET and not through a regular forms post. Thanks to @JoshCodes answer I got the direction I was looking for. I am posting my solution to help others find a way to perform a post with both file and parameters the html equivalent of what I try to achieve is : html

<form action="your-api-endpoint" enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post"> 
<input type="hidden" name="action" value="api-method-name"/> 
<input type="hidden" name="apiKey" value="gs1xxxxxxxxxxxxxex"/> 
<input type="hidden" name="access" value="protected"/> 
<input type="hidden" name="name" value="test"/> 
<input type="hidden" name="title" value="test"/> 
<input type="hidden" name="signature" value="cf1d4xxxxxxxxcd5"/> 
<input type="file" name="file"/> 
<input type="submit" name="_upload" value="Upload"/> 
</form>

Due to the fact that I have to provide the apiKey and the signature (which is a calculated checksum of the request parameters and api key concatenated string), I needed to do it server side. The other reason I needed to do it server side is the fact that the post of the file can be performed at any time by pointing to a file already on the server (providing the path), so there would be no manually selected file during form post thus form data file would not contain the file stream.Otherwise I could have calculated the checksum via an ajax callback and submitted the file through the html post using JQuery. I am using .net version 4.0 and cannot upgrade to 4.5 in the actual solution. So I had to install the Microsoft.Net.Http using nuget cmd

PM> install-package Microsoft.Net.Http

Private Function UploadFile(req As ApiRequest, filePath As String, fileName As String) As String
    Dim result = String.empty
    Try
        ''//Get file stream
        Dim paramFileStream As Stream = File.OpenRead(filePath)
        Dim fileStreamContent As HttpContent = New  StreamContent(paramFileStream)
        Using client = New HttpClient()
            Using formData = New MultipartFormDataContent()
                ''// This adds parameter name ("action")
                ''// parameter value (req.Action) to form data
                formData.Add(New StringContent(req.Action), "action")
                formData.Add(New StringContent(req.ApiKey), "apiKey")
                For Each param In req.Parameters
                    formData.Add(New StringContent(param.Value), param.Key)
                Next
                formData.Add(New StringContent(req.getRequestSignature.Qualifier), "signature")
                ''//This adds the file stream and file info to form data
                formData.Add(fileStreamContent, "file", fileName)
                ''//We are now sending the request
                Dim response = client.PostAsync(GetAPIEndpoint(), formData).Result
                ''//We are here reading the response
                Dim readR = New StreamReader(response.Content.ReadAsStreamAsync().Result, Encoding.UTF8)
                Dim respContent = readR.ReadToEnd()

                If Not response.IsSuccessStatusCode Then
                    result =  "Request Failed : Code = " & response.StatusCode & "Reason = " & response.ReasonPhrase & "Message = " & respContent
                End If
                result.Value = respContent
            End Using
        End Using
    Catch ex As Exception
        result = "An error occurred : " & ex.Message
    End Try

    Return result
End Function

@Rico Suter 2012-09-08 10:17:23

Check out the MyToolkit library:

var request = new HttpPostRequest("http://www.server.com");
request.Data.Add("name", "value"); // POST data
request.Files.Add(new HttpPostFile("name", "file.jpg", "path/to/file.jpg")); 

await Http.PostAsync(request, OnRequestFinished);

http://mytoolkit.codeplex.com/wikipage?title=Http

@dellyjm 2014-02-04 04:48:15

Not sure if this was posted before but I got this working with WebClient. i read the documentation for the WebClient. A key point they make is

If the BaseAddress property is not an empty string ("") and address does not contain an absolute URI, address must be a relative URI that is combined with BaseAddress to form the absolute URI of the requested data. If the QueryString property is not an empty string, it is appended to address.

So all I did was wc.QueryString.Add("source", generatedImage) to add the different query parameters and somehow it matches the property name with the image I uploaded. Hope it helps

    public void postImageToFacebook(string generatedImage, string fbGraphUrl)
    {
        WebClient wc = new WebClient();
        byte[] bytes = System.IO.File.ReadAllBytes(generatedImage);

        wc.QueryString.Add("source", generatedImage);
        wc.QueryString.Add("message", "helloworld");

        wc.UploadFile(fbGraphUrl, generatedImage);

        wc.Dispose();

    }

@Stefan 2013-04-20 18:39:59

Based on the code provided above I added support for multiple files and also uploading a stream directly without the need to have a local file.

To upload files to a specific url including some post params do the following:

RequestHelper.PostMultipart(
    "http://www.myserver.com/upload.php", 
    new Dictionary<string, object>() {
        { "testparam", "my value" },
        { "file", new FormFile() { Name = "image.jpg", ContentType = "image/jpeg", FilePath = "c:\\temp\\myniceimage.jpg" } },
        { "other_file", new FormFile() { Name = "image2.jpg", ContentType = "image/jpeg", Stream = imageDataStream } },
    });

To enhance this even more one could determine the name and mime type from the given file itself.

public class FormFile 
{
    public string Name { get; set; }

    public string ContentType { get; set; }

    public string FilePath { get; set; }

    public Stream Stream { get; set; }
}

public class RequestHelper
{

    public static string PostMultipart(string url, Dictionary<string, object> parameters) {

        string boundary = "---------------------------" + DateTime.Now.Ticks.ToString("x");
        byte[] boundaryBytes = System.Text.Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("\r\n--" + boundary + "\r\n");

        HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(url);
        request.ContentType = "multipart/form-data; boundary=" + boundary;
        request.Method = "POST";
        request.KeepAlive = true;
        request.Credentials = System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultCredentials;

        if(parameters != null && parameters.Count > 0) {

            using(Stream requestStream = request.GetRequestStream()) {

                foreach(KeyValuePair<string, object> pair in parameters) {

                    requestStream.Write(boundaryBytes, 0, boundaryBytes.Length);
                    if(pair.Value is FormFile) {
                        FormFile file = pair.Value as FormFile;
                        string header = "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"" + pair.Key + "\"; filename=\"" + file.Name + "\"\r\nContent-Type: " + file.ContentType + "\r\n\r\n";
                        byte[] bytes = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(header);
                        requestStream.Write(bytes, 0, bytes.Length);
                        byte[] buffer = new byte[32768];
                        int bytesRead;
                        if(file.Stream == null) {
                            // upload from file
                            using(FileStream fileStream = File.OpenRead(file.FilePath)) {
                                while((bytesRead = fileStream.Read(buffer, 0, buffer.Length)) != 0)
                                    requestStream.Write(buffer, 0, bytesRead);
                                fileStream.Close();
                            }
                        }
                        else {
                            // upload from given stream
                            while((bytesRead = file.Stream.Read(buffer, 0, buffer.Length)) != 0)
                                requestStream.Write(buffer, 0, bytesRead);
                        }
                    }
                    else {
                        string data = "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"" + pair.Key + "\"\r\n\r\n" + pair.Value;
                        byte[] bytes = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(data);
                        requestStream.Write(bytes, 0, bytes.Length);
                    }
                }

                byte[] trailer = System.Text.Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("\r\n--" + boundary + "--\r\n");
                requestStream.Write(trailer, 0, trailer.Length);
                requestStream.Close();
            }
        }

        using(WebResponse response = request.GetResponse()) {
            using(Stream responseStream = response.GetResponseStream())
            using(StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(responseStream))
                return reader.ReadToEnd();
        }


    }
}

@Som Bhattacharyya 2014-10-16 09:58:07

Will anything change if the content-type were multipart/related ?

@gyzpunk 2013-03-07 09:47:59

For me, the following works (mostly inspirated from all of the following answers), I started from Elad's answer and modify/simplify things to match my need (remove not file form inputs, only one file, ...).

Hope it can helps somebody :)

(PS: I know that exception handling is not implemented and it assumes that it was written inside a class, so I may need some integration effort...)

private void uploadFile()
    {
        Random rand = new Random();
        string boundary = "----boundary" + rand.Next().ToString();
        Stream data_stream;
        byte[] header = System.Text.Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("\r\n--" + boundary + "\r\nContent-Disposition: form-data; name=\"file_path\"; filename=\"" + System.IO.Path.GetFileName(this.file) + "\"\r\nContent-Type: application/octet-stream\r\n\r\n");
        byte[] trailer = System.Text.Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("\r\n--" + boundary + "--\r\n");

        // Do the request
        HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(MBF_URL);
        request.UserAgent = "My Toolbox";
        request.Method = "POST";
        request.KeepAlive = true;
        request.ContentType = "multipart/form-data; boundary=" + boundary;
        data_stream = request.GetRequestStream();
        data_stream.Write(header, 0, header.Length);
        byte[] file_bytes = System.IO.File.ReadAllBytes(this.file);
        data_stream.Write(file_bytes, 0, file_bytes.Length);
        data_stream.Write(trailer, 0, trailer.Length);
        data_stream.Close();

        // Read the response
        WebResponse response = request.GetResponse();
        data_stream = response.GetResponseStream();
        StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(data_stream);
        this.url = reader.ReadToEnd();

        if (this.url == "") { this.url = "No response :("; }

        reader.Close();
        data_stream.Close();
        response.Close();
    }

@Nigrimmist 2012-01-16 11:31:39

There is another working example with some my comments :

        List<MimePart> mimeParts = new List<MimePart>();

        try
        {
            foreach (string key in form.AllKeys)
            {
                StringMimePart part = new StringMimePart();

                part.Headers["Content-Disposition"] = "form-data; name=\"" + key + "\"";
                part.StringData = form[key];

                mimeParts.Add(part);
            }

            int nameIndex = 0;

            foreach (UploadFile file in files)
            {
                StreamMimePart part = new StreamMimePart();

                if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(file.FieldName))
                    file.FieldName = "file" + nameIndex++;

                part.Headers["Content-Disposition"] = "form-data; name=\"" + file.FieldName + "\"; filename=\"" + file.FileName + "\"";
                part.Headers["Content-Type"] = file.ContentType;

                part.SetStream(file.Data);

                mimeParts.Add(part);
            }

            string boundary = "----------" + DateTime.Now.Ticks.ToString("x");

            req.ContentType = "multipart/form-data; boundary=" + boundary;
            req.Method = "POST";

            long contentLength = 0;

            byte[] _footer = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("--" + boundary + "--\r\n");

            foreach (MimePart part in mimeParts)
            {
                contentLength += part.GenerateHeaderFooterData(boundary);
            }

            req.ContentLength = contentLength + _footer.Length;

            byte[] buffer = new byte[8192];
            byte[] afterFile = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("\r\n");
            int read;

            using (Stream s = req.GetRequestStream())
            {
                foreach (MimePart part in mimeParts)
                {
                    s.Write(part.Header, 0, part.Header.Length);

                    while ((read = part.Data.Read(buffer, 0, buffer.Length)) > 0)
                        s.Write(buffer, 0, read);

                    part.Data.Dispose();

                    s.Write(afterFile, 0, afterFile.Length);
                }

                s.Write(_footer, 0, _footer.Length);
            }

            return (HttpWebResponse)req.GetResponse();
        }
        catch
        {
            foreach (MimePart part in mimeParts)
                if (part.Data != null)
                    part.Data.Dispose();

            throw;
        }

And there is example of using :

            UploadFile[] files = new UploadFile[] 
            { 
                new UploadFile(@"C:\2.jpg","new_file","image/jpeg") //new_file is id of upload field
            };

            NameValueCollection form = new NameValueCollection();

            form["id_hidden_input"] = "value_hidden_inpu"; //there is additional param (hidden fields on page)


            HttpWebRequest req = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(full URL of action);

            // set credentials/cookies etc. 
            req.CookieContainer = hrm.CookieContainer; //hrm is my class. i copied all cookies from last request to current (for auth)
            HttpWebResponse resp = HttpUploadHelper.Upload(req, files, form);

            using (Stream s = resp.GetResponseStream())
            using (StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(s))
            {
                string response = sr.ReadToEnd();
            }
             //profit!

@mopenstein 2012-01-10 04:05:09

Took the above and modified it accept some header values, and multiple files

    NameValueCollection headers = new NameValueCollection();
        headers.Add("Cookie", "name=value;");
        headers.Add("Referer", "http://google.com");
    NameValueCollection nvc = new NameValueCollection();
        nvc.Add("name", "value");

    HttpUploadFile(url, new string[] { "c:\\file1.txt", "c:\\file2.jpg" }, new string[] { "file", "image" }, new string[] { "application/octet-stream", "image/jpeg" }, nvc, headers);

public static void HttpUploadFile(string url, string[] file, string[] paramName, string[] contentType, NameValueCollection nvc, NameValueCollection headerItems)
{
    //log.Debug(string.Format("Uploading {0} to {1}", file, url));
    string boundary = "---------------------------" + DateTime.Now.Ticks.ToString("x");
    byte[] boundarybytes = System.Text.Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("\r\n--" + boundary + "\r\n");

    HttpWebRequest wr = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(url);

    foreach (string key in headerItems.Keys)
    {
        if (key == "Referer")
        {
            wr.Referer = headerItems[key];
        }
        else
        {
            wr.Headers.Add(key, headerItems[key]);
        }
    }

    wr.ContentType = "multipart/form-data; boundary=" + boundary;
    wr.Method = "POST";
    wr.KeepAlive = true;
    wr.Credentials = System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultCredentials;

    Stream rs = wr.GetRequestStream();

    string formdataTemplate = "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"{0}\"\r\n\r\n{1}";
    foreach (string key in nvc.Keys)
    {
        rs.Write(boundarybytes, 0, boundarybytes.Length);
        string formitem = string.Format(formdataTemplate, key, nvc[key]);
        byte[] formitembytes = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(formitem);
        rs.Write(formitembytes, 0, formitembytes.Length);
    }
    rs.Write(boundarybytes, 0, boundarybytes.Length);

    string headerTemplate = "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"{0}\"; filename=\"{1}\"\r\nContent-Type: {2}\r\n\r\n";
    string header = "";

    for(int i =0; i<file.Count();i++)
    {
        header = string.Format(headerTemplate, paramName[i], System.IO.Path.GetFileName(file[i]), contentType[i]);
        byte[] headerbytes = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(header);
        rs.Write(headerbytes, 0, headerbytes.Length);

        FileStream fileStream = new FileStream(file[i], FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read);
        byte[] buffer = new byte[4096];
        int bytesRead = 0;
        while ((bytesRead = fileStream.Read(buffer, 0, buffer.Length)) != 0)
        {
            rs.Write(buffer, 0, bytesRead);
        }
        fileStream.Close();
        rs.Write(boundarybytes, 0, boundarybytes.Length);
    }
    rs.Close();

    WebResponse wresp = null;
    try
    {
        wresp = wr.GetResponse();
        Stream stream2 = wresp.GetResponseStream();
        StreamReader reader2 = new StreamReader(stream2);
        //log.Debug(string.Format("File uploaded, server response is: {0}", reader2.ReadToEnd()));
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        //log.Error("Error uploading file", ex);
            wresp.Close();
            wresp = null;
    }
    finally
    {
        wr = null;
    }
}

@Ben Ripley 2013-06-07 00:58:03

This didn't work for me until I modified the last boundary entry. Make sure the boundary after the last file has two dashes at the end \r\n--" + boundary + "--\r\n

@Cristian Romanescu 2010-06-08 11:39:08

Took the code above and fixed because it throws Internal Server Error 500. There are some problems with \r\n badly positioned and spaces etc. Applied the refactoring with memory stream, writing directly to the request stream. Here is the result:

    public static void HttpUploadFile(string url, string file, string paramName, string contentType, NameValueCollection nvc) {
        log.Debug(string.Format("Uploading {0} to {1}", file, url));
        string boundary = "---------------------------" + DateTime.Now.Ticks.ToString("x");
        byte[] boundarybytes = System.Text.Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("\r\n--" + boundary + "\r\n");

        HttpWebRequest wr = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(url);
        wr.ContentType = "multipart/form-data; boundary=" + boundary;
        wr.Method = "POST";
        wr.KeepAlive = true;
        wr.Credentials = System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultCredentials;

        Stream rs = wr.GetRequestStream();

        string formdataTemplate = "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"{0}\"\r\n\r\n{1}";
        foreach (string key in nvc.Keys)
        {
            rs.Write(boundarybytes, 0, boundarybytes.Length);
            string formitem = string.Format(formdataTemplate, key, nvc[key]);
            byte[] formitembytes = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(formitem);
            rs.Write(formitembytes, 0, formitembytes.Length);
        }
        rs.Write(boundarybytes, 0, boundarybytes.Length);

        string headerTemplate = "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"{0}\"; filename=\"{1}\"\r\nContent-Type: {2}\r\n\r\n";
        string header = string.Format(headerTemplate, paramName, file, contentType);
        byte[] headerbytes = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(header);
        rs.Write(headerbytes, 0, headerbytes.Length);

        FileStream fileStream = new FileStream(file, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read);
        byte[] buffer = new byte[4096];
        int bytesRead = 0;
        while ((bytesRead = fileStream.Read(buffer, 0, buffer.Length)) != 0) {
            rs.Write(buffer, 0, bytesRead);
        }
        fileStream.Close();

        byte[] trailer = System.Text.Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("\r\n--" + boundary + "--\r\n");
        rs.Write(trailer, 0, trailer.Length);
        rs.Close();

        WebResponse wresp = null;
        try {
            wresp = wr.GetResponse();
            Stream stream2 = wresp.GetResponseStream();
            StreamReader reader2 = new StreamReader(stream2);
            log.Debug(string.Format("File uploaded, server response is: {0}", reader2.ReadToEnd()));
        } catch(Exception ex) {
            log.Error("Error uploading file", ex);
            if(wresp != null) {
                wresp.Close();
                wresp = null;
            }
        } finally {
            wr = null;
        }
    }

and sample usage:

    NameValueCollection nvc = new NameValueCollection();
    nvc.Add("id", "TTR");
    nvc.Add("btn-submit-photo", "Upload");
    HttpUploadFile("http://your.server.com/upload", 
         @"C:\test\test.jpg", "file", "image/jpeg", nvc);

It could be extended to handle multiple files or just call it multiple times for each file. However it suits your needs.

@Yoo Matsuo 2011-02-21 12:31:12

Works like a charm. Thanks a lot.

@Orhan Cinar 2011-03-28 11:37:05

i have tried this code but it doesnt upload jpeg files and it doesnt get any error? how is this possible.

@David Horák 2011-04-29 14:46:34

When i try send file over 1MB, then a get 500 Server error, file under 1MB work fine, how is possible ?

@JoaquinG 2011-06-01 08:41:46

I added a wr.CookieContainer to keep the cookies of earlier calls.

@Peter Drier 2011-10-03 15:04:50

If you're going to extend this to do multiple files, be warned: only the last boundary gets the 2 extra dashes: "\r\n--" + boundary + "--\r\n" Otherwise the additional files will be cut off.

@Matthew M. 2011-12-14 20:59:16

What about HTTPS and authentication (username/password, cookies ?)

@Mitch Wheat 2012-11-03 03:39:24

+1. Side Note: If you use this with the Compact Framework you will need to set the web request AllowWriteStreamBuffering = true;

@mithuntnt 2013-08-14 11:54:31

Does this escape stuff properly. Specially the name=\"{0}\" part. Will this work if i have a string with quotes in it. Example <input name='string"with"quotes' /> However name part is normally simple and rarely with quotes. So for most normal scenario, there wont be any problem.

@Nipuna 2013-08-15 04:43:49

How can I retrieve the image data from a MVC Controller

@joonas.fi 2014-10-05 14:02:16

Thanks mate! Worked perfectly. :) First it didn't work but it was my fault. Wireshark for the win...

@RajeshKannan 2014-10-06 12:22:39

@Cristian Can we do upload progress for the above file upload code?

@Som Bhattacharyya 2014-10-20 09:12:13

@Cristian If the content-type is multipart/related will this code work the way it is ? Or does anything need to change?

@Keerthi Kumar 2015-06-22 07:40:14

@ Yoo Matsuo am getting 405 error for this . and where should i mention long in credentials.

@Reese 2016-04-04 15:06:26

What is the NameValueCollection for? It would be better, if you explain the code. Thanks in advance.

@Aelgawad 2018-02-14 14:43:56

wr.GetResponse() is throwing "The underlying connection was closed: The connection was closed unexpectedly." Any clues?

@KumarHarsh 2018-10-09 08:24:00

binary file get corrupted using above code.any fix ?

@Chris 2010-06-07 11:02:04

I can never get the examples to work properly, I always receive a 500 error when sending it to the server.

However I came across a very elegant method of doing it in this url

It is easily extendible and obviously works with binary files as well as XML.

You call it using something similar to this

class Program
{
    public static string gsaFeedURL = "http://yourGSA.domain.com:19900/xmlfeed";

    static void Main()
    {
        try
        {
            postWebData();
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
        }
    }

    // new one I made from C# web service
    public static void postWebData()
    {
        StringDictionary dictionary = new StringDictionary();
        UploadSpec uploadSpecs = new UploadSpec();
        UTF8Encoding encoding = new UTF8Encoding();
        byte[] bytes;
        Uri gsaURI = new Uri(gsaFeedURL);  // Create new URI to GSA feeder gate
        string sourceURL = @"C:\FeedFile.xml"; // Location of the XML feed file
        // Two parameters to send
        string feedtype = "full";
        string datasource = "test";            

        try
        {
            // Add the parameter values to the dictionary
            dictionary.Add("feedtype", feedtype);
            dictionary.Add("datasource", datasource);

            // Load the feed file created and get its bytes
            XmlDocument xml = new XmlDocument();
            xml.Load(sourceURL);
            bytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(xml.OuterXml);

            // Add data to upload specs
            uploadSpecs.Contents = bytes;
            uploadSpecs.FileName = sourceURL;
            uploadSpecs.FieldName = "data";

            // Post the data
            if ((int)HttpUpload.Upload(gsaURI, dictionary, uploadSpecs).StatusCode == 200)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Successful.");
            }
            else
            {
                // GSA POST not successful
                Console.WriteLine("Failure.");
            }
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
        }
    }
}

@mhodgdon 2009-12-17 21:46:00

I realize this is probably really late, but I was searching for the same solution. I found the following response from a Microsoft rep

private void UploadFilesToRemoteUrl(string url, string[] files, string logpath, NameValueCollection nvc)
{

    long length = 0;
    string boundary = "----------------------------" +
    DateTime.Now.Ticks.ToString("x");


    HttpWebRequest httpWebRequest2 = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(url);
    httpWebRequest2.ContentType = "multipart/form-data; boundary=" +
    boundary;
    httpWebRequest2.Method = "POST";
    httpWebRequest2.KeepAlive = true;
    httpWebRequest2.Credentials = System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultCredentials;



    Stream memStream = new System.IO.MemoryStream();
    byte[] boundarybytes = System.Text.Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("\r\n--" + boundary + "\r\n");


    string formdataTemplate = "\r\n--" + boundary + "\r\nContent-Disposition: form-data; name=\"{0}\";\r\n\r\n{1}";

    foreach(string key in nvc.Keys)
    {
        string formitem = string.Format(formdataTemplate, key, nvc[key]);
        byte[] formitembytes = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(formitem);
        memStream.Write(formitembytes, 0, formitembytes.Length);
    }


    memStream.Write(boundarybytes,0,boundarybytes.Length);

    string headerTemplate = "Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"{0}\"; filename=\"{1}\"\r\n Content-Type: application/octet-stream\r\n\r\n";

    for(int i=0;i<files.Length;i++)
    {

        string header = string.Format(headerTemplate,"file"+i,files[i]);
        byte[] headerbytes = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(header);
        memStream.Write(headerbytes,0,headerbytes.Length);


        FileStream fileStream = new FileStream(files[i], FileMode.Open,
        FileAccess.Read);
        byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];

        int bytesRead = 0;

        while ( (bytesRead = fileStream.Read(buffer, 0, buffer.Length)) != 0 )
        {
            memStream.Write(buffer, 0, bytesRead);
        }


        memStream.Write(boundarybytes,0,boundarybytes.Length);


        fileStream.Close();
    }

    httpWebRequest2.ContentLength = memStream.Length;
    Stream requestStream = httpWebRequest2.GetRequestStream();

    memStream.Position = 0;
    byte[] tempBuffer = new byte[memStream.Length];
    memStream.Read(tempBuffer,0,tempBuffer.Length);
    memStream.Close();
    requestStream.Write(tempBuffer,0,tempBuffer.Length );
    requestStream.Close();


    WebResponse webResponse2 = httpWebRequest2.GetResponse();

    Stream stream2 = webResponse2.GetResponseStream();
    StreamReader reader2 = new StreamReader(stream2);

    webResponse2.Close();
    httpWebRequest2 = null;
    webResponse2 = null;

}

@Travis Collins 2010-02-12 03:10:20

So, essentially the same code as dr. evil above? stackoverflow.com/questions/566462/…

@Chris 2009-04-24 18:58:14

I had to deal with this recently - another way to approach it is to use the fact that WebClient is inheritable, and change the underlying WebRequest from there:

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.net.webclient.getwebrequest(VS.80).aspx

I prefer C#, but if you're stuck with VB the results will look something like this:

Public Class BigWebClient
    Inherits WebClient
    Protected Overrides Function GetWebRequest(ByVal address As System.Uri) As System.Net.WebRequest
        Dim x As WebRequest = MyBase.GetWebRequest(address)
        x.Timeout = 60 * 60 * 1000
        Return x
    End Function
End Class

'Use BigWebClient here instead of WebClient

@dr. evil 2009-04-24 21:22:45

+1 Still webclient is too non-customisable so implementing it would be awkward, but this is a really interesting approach, and I didn't know that it was possible.

@Moose 2009-02-19 18:06:55

something like this is close: (untested code)

byte[] data; // data goes here.

HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(url);
request.Credentials = userNetworkCredentials;
request.Method = "PUT";
request.ContentType = "application/octet-stream";
request.ContentLength = data.Length;
Stream stream = request.GetRequestStream();
stream.Write(data,0,data.Length);
stream.Close();
response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse();
StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(response.GetResponseStream());
temp = reader.ReadToEnd();
reader.Close();

@dr. evil 2009-02-19 18:19:11

Thanks buy I'm not after a WebDAV or similar solution, I clarified my answer. Please see the edit.

@John T 2009-02-19 18:05:40

I think you're looking for something more like WebClient.

Specifically, UploadFile().

@dr. evil 2009-02-19 18:17:33

It should be with HTTPWebrequest, I know WebClient but it's no good for this project.

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