By iamlukeyb


2012-03-07 16:59:29 8 Comments

How do I parse a JSON feed in Android?

3 comments

@bbedward 2012-03-07 17:53:08

Android has all the tools you need to parse json built-in. Example follows, no need for GSON or anything like that.

Get your JSON:

Assume you have a json string

String result = "{\"someKey\":\"someValue\"}";

Create a JSONObject:

JSONObject jObject = new JSONObject(result);

If your json string is an array, e.g.:

String result = "[{\"someKey\":\"someValue\"}]"

then you should use JSONArray as demonstrated below and not JSONObject

To get a specific string

String aJsonString = jObject.getString("STRINGNAME");

To get a specific boolean

boolean aJsonBoolean = jObject.getBoolean("BOOLEANNAME");

To get a specific integer

int aJsonInteger = jObject.getInt("INTEGERNAME");

To get a specific long

long aJsonLong = jObject.getLong("LONGNAME");

To get a specific double

double aJsonDouble = jObject.getDouble("DOUBLENAME");

To get a specific JSONArray:

JSONArray jArray = jObject.getJSONArray("ARRAYNAME");

To get the items from the array

for (int i=0; i < jArray.length(); i++)
{
    try {
        JSONObject oneObject = jArray.getJSONObject(i);
        // Pulling items from the array
        String oneObjectsItem = oneObject.getString("STRINGNAMEinTHEarray");
        String oneObjectsItem2 = oneObject.getString("anotherSTRINGNAMEINtheARRAY");
    } catch (JSONException e) {
        // Oops
    }
}

@Stan 2013-02-18 19:33:39

There also could be a case when you receive an JSONArray and if you try to JSONObject jObject = new JSONObject(result) - you'll get an exeption about parsing. In such case JSONArray jArray = new JSONArray(result) would work.

@Flimm 2018-11-02 12:43:53

Would people mind if we edited this answer to remove the code related to HTTP? After all, only the parts about JSON are relevant to the question.

@Haya Akkad 2019-06-18 00:54:58

very useful, Thanks.

@www.9android.net 2013-02-19 02:57:05

  1. Writing JSON Parser Class

    public class JSONParser {
    
        static InputStream is = null;
        static JSONObject jObj = null;
        static String json = "";
    
        // constructor
        public JSONParser() {}
    
        public JSONObject getJSONFromUrl(String url) {
    
            // Making HTTP request
            try {
                // defaultHttpClient
                DefaultHttpClient httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();
                HttpPost httpPost = new HttpPost(url);
    
                HttpResponse httpResponse = httpClient.execute(httpPost);
                HttpEntity httpEntity = httpResponse.getEntity();
                is = httpEntity.getContent();
    
            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            } catch (ClientProtocolException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
    
            try {
                BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(
                        is, "iso-8859-1"), 8);
                StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
                String line = null;
                while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
                    sb.append(line + "\n");
                }
                is.close();
                json = sb.toString();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                Log.e("Buffer Error", "Error converting result " + e.toString());
            }
    
            // try parse the string to a JSON object
            try {
                jObj = new JSONObject(json);
            } catch (JSONException e) {
                Log.e("JSON Parser", "Error parsing data " + e.toString());
            }
    
            // return JSON String
            return jObj;
    
        }
    }
    
  2. Parsing JSON Data
    Once you created parser class next thing is to know how to use that class. Below i am explaining how to parse the json (taken in this example) using the parser class.

    2.1. Store all these node names in variables: In the contacts json we have items like name, email, address, gender and phone numbers. So first thing is to store all these node names in variables. Open your main activity class and declare store all node names in static variables.

    // url to make request
    private static String url = "http://api.9android.net/contacts";
    
    // JSON Node names
    private static final String TAG_CONTACTS = "contacts";
    private static final String TAG_ID = "id";
    private static final String TAG_NAME = "name";
    private static final String TAG_EMAIL = "email";
    private static final String TAG_ADDRESS = "address";
    private static final String TAG_GENDER = "gender";
    private static final String TAG_PHONE = "phone";
    private static final String TAG_PHONE_MOBILE = "mobile";
    private static final String TAG_PHONE_HOME = "home";
    private static final String TAG_PHONE_OFFICE = "office";
    
    // contacts JSONArray
    JSONArray contacts = null;
    

    2.2. Use parser class to get JSONObject and looping through each json item. Below i am creating an instance of JSONParser class and using for loop i am looping through each json item and finally storing each json data in variable.

    // Creating JSON Parser instance
    JSONParser jParser = new JSONParser();
    
    // getting JSON string from URL
    JSONObject json = jParser.getJSONFromUrl(url);
    
        try {
        // Getting Array of Contacts
        contacts = json.getJSONArray(TAG_CONTACTS);
    
        // looping through All Contacts
        for(int i = 0; i < contacts.length(); i++){
            JSONObject c = contacts.getJSONObject(i);
    
            // Storing each json item in variable
            String id = c.getString(TAG_ID);
            String name = c.getString(TAG_NAME);
            String email = c.getString(TAG_EMAIL);
            String address = c.getString(TAG_ADDRESS);
            String gender = c.getString(TAG_GENDER);
    
            // Phone number is agin JSON Object
            JSONObject phone = c.getJSONObject(TAG_PHONE);
            String mobile = phone.getString(TAG_PHONE_MOBILE);
            String home = phone.getString(TAG_PHONE_HOME);
            String office = phone.getString(TAG_PHONE_OFFICE);
    
        }
    } catch (JSONException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
    

@cricket_007 2018-07-08 14:00:12

This answer somewhat skips over downloading the JSON off of the main thread

@Ljdawson 2012-03-07 17:08:11

I've coded up a simple example for you and annotated the source. The example shows how to grab live json and parse into a JSONObject for detail extraction:

try{
    // Create a new HTTP Client
    DefaultHttpClient defaultClient = new DefaultHttpClient();
    // Setup the get request
    HttpGet httpGetRequest = new HttpGet("http://example.json");

    // Execute the request in the client
    HttpResponse httpResponse = defaultClient.execute(httpGetRequest);
    // Grab the response
    BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(httpResponse.getEntity().getContent(), "UTF-8"));
    String json = reader.readLine();

    // Instantiate a JSON object from the request response
    JSONObject jsonObject = new JSONObject(json);

} catch(Exception e){
    // In your production code handle any errors and catch the individual exceptions
    e.printStackTrace();
}

Once you have your JSONObject refer to the SDK for details on how to extract the data you require.

@iamlukeyb 2012-03-07 17:18:04

Hi i have put this in but getting errors i have imported everything but still getting problems

@Ljdawson 2012-03-07 17:22:34

You will need to wrap the code block above in a try-catch, I've edited the code to reflect this.

@Ljdawson 2012-03-07 17:36:11

Still having problems?

@dpp 2013-06-03 06:53:24

if the file retrieved has newline characters, the readLine() fails.

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